MORE(1) User Commands MORE(1)
more - display the contents of a file in a terminal
more [options] file ...
more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time. This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that less(1) provides more(1) emulation plus extensive enhancements.
Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make sure to precede them with a dash (-)) but command-line options will override those. -d, --silent Prompt with "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]", and display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing the bell when an illegal key is pressed. -l, --logical Do not pause after any line containing a ^L (form feed). -e, --exit-on-eof Exit on End-Of-File, enabled by default if POSIXLY_CORRECT environment variable is not set or if not executed on terminal. -f, --no-pause Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long lines are not folded). -p, --print-over Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then display the text. Notice that this option is switched on automatically if the executable is named page. -c, --clean-print Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top, clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed. -s, --squeeze Squeeze multiple blank lines into one. -u, --plain Suppress underlining. This option is silently ignored as backwards compatibility. -n, --lines number Specify the number of lines per screenful. The number argument is a positive decimal integer. The --lines option shall override any values obtained from any other source, such as number of lines reported by terminal. -number A numeric option means the same as --lines option argument. +number Start displaying each file at line number. +/string The string to be searched in each file before starting to display it. -h, --help Display help text and exit. -V, --version Print version and exit.
Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below. In the following descriptions, ^X means control-X. h or ? Help; display a summary of these commands. If you forget all other commands, remember this one. SPACE Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. z Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen size. Argument becomes new default. RETURN Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes new default. d or ^D Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11. Argument becomes new default. q or Q or INTERRUPT Exit. s Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1. f Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. b or ^B Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only works with files, not pipes. ' Go to the place where the last search started. = Display current line number. /pattern Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to 1. n Search for kth occurrence of last regular expression. Defaults to 1. !command or :!command Execute command in a subshell. v Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from the environment variable VISUAL if defined, or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to vi(1) if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is defined. ^L Redraw screen. :n Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1. :p Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1. :f Display current file name and line number. . Repeat previous command.
The more command respects the following environment variables, if they exist: MORE This variable may be set with favored options to more. SHELL Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login time). TERM The terminal type used by more to get the terminal characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen. VISUAL The editor the user prefers. Invoked when command key v is pressed. EDITOR The editor of choice when VISUAL is not specified. POSIXLY_CORRECT Disable exit-on-eof (see option -e for more details).
The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the Linux community. Documentation was produced using several other versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source code.
Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley. Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing. Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment variable.
For bug reports, use the issue tracker at https://github.com/util-linux/util-linux/issues.
The more command is part of the util-linux package which can be downloaded from Linux Kernel Archive <https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/>. This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to email@example.com. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/utils/util-linux/util-linux.git⟩ on 2023-06-23. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2023-06-22.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org util-linux 2.38.1062-a3b47 2023-02-02 MORE(1)
Pages that refer to this page: colcrt(1), journalctl(1), less(1), localectl(1), loginctl(1), machinectl(1), more(1), portablectl(1), systemctl(1), systemd(1), systemd-analyze(1), systemd-inhibit(1), systemd-nspawn(1), timedatectl(1), userdbctl(1), environ(7), systemd-tmpfiles(8)