more(1) — Linux manual page


MORE(1)                       User Commands                      MORE(1)

NAME         top

       more - file perusal filter for crt viewing

SYNOPSIS         top

       more [options] file...

DESCRIPTION         top

       more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time.
       This version is especially primitive.  Users should realize that
       less(1) provides more(1) emulation plus extensive enhancements.

OPTIONS         top

       Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make
       sure to precede them with a dash (-)) but command-line options
       will override those.

       -d, --silent
              Prompt with "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]", and
              display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing
              the bell when an illegal key is pressed.

       -l, --logical
              Do not pause after any line containing a ^L (form feed).

       -f, --no-pause
              Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long
              lines are not folded).

       -p, --print-over
              Do not scroll.  Instead, clear the whole screen and then
              display the text.  Notice that this option is switched on
              automatically if the executable is named page.

       -c, --clean-print
              Do not scroll.  Instead, paint each screen from the top,
              clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.

       -s, --squeeze
              Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.

       -u, --plain
              Suppress underlining.  This option is silently ignored as
              backwards compatibility.

       -n, --lines number
              Specify the number of lines per screenful.  The number
              argument is a positive decimal integer.  The --lines
              option shall override any values obtained from any other
              source, such as number of lines reported by terminal.

              A numeric option means the same as --lines option

              Start displaying each file at line number.

              The string to be searched in each file before starting to
              display it.

       --help Display help text and exit.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

COMMANDS         top

       Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1).  Some commands
       may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions
       below.  In the following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

              h or ? Help; display a summary of these commands.  If you
                     forget all other commands, remember this one.

              SPACE  Display next k lines of text.  Defaults to current
                     screen size.

              z      Display next k lines of text.  Defaults to current
                     screen size.  Argument becomes new default.

              RETURN Display next k lines of text.  Defaults to 1.
                     Argument becomes new default.

              d or ^D
                     Scroll k lines.  Default is current scroll size,
                     initially 11.  Argument becomes new default.

              q or Q or INTERRUPT

              s      Skip forward k lines of text.  Defaults to 1.

              f      Skip forward k screenfuls of text.  Defaults to 1.

              b or ^B
                     Skip backwards k screenfuls of text.  Defaults to
                     1.  Only works with files, not pipes.

              '      Go to the place where the last search started.

              =      Display current line number.

                     Search for kth occurrence of regular expression.
                     Defaults to 1.

              n      Search for kth occurrence of last regular
                     expression.  Defaults to 1.

              !command or :!command
                     Execute command in a subshell.

              v      Start up an editor at current line.  The editor is
                     taken from the environment variable VISUAL if
                     defined, or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or
                     defaults to vi if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is

              ^L     Redraw screen.

              :n     Go to kth next file.  Defaults to 1.

              :p     Go to kth previous file.  Defaults to 1.

              :f     Display current file name and line number.

              .      Repeat previous command.

ENVIRONMENT         top

       The more command respects the following environment variables, if
       they exist:

       MORE   This variable may be set with favored options to more.

       SHELL  Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login

       TERM   The terminal type used by more to get the terminal
              characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.

       VISUAL The editor the user prefers.  Invoked when command key v
              is pressed.

       EDITOR The editor of choice when VISUAL is not specified.

HISTORY         top

       The more command appeared in 3.0BSD.  This man page documents
       more version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use
       in the Linux community.  Documentation was produced using several
       other versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the
       source code.

AUTHORS         top

       Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
       Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
       Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment

SEE ALSO         top

       less(1), vi(1)

AVAILABILITY         top

       The more command is part of the util-linux package and is
       available from Linux Kernel Archive 

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
       utilities) project.  Information about the project can be found
       at ⟨⟩.  If you
       have a bug report for this manual page, send it to  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on
       2021-03-21.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2021-03-19.)  If you
       discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page,
       or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
       the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to

util-linux                     March 2020                        MORE(1)

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