more(1) — Linux manual page


MORE(1)                         User Commands                        MORE(1)

NAME         top

       more - file perusal filter for crt viewing

SYNOPSIS         top

       more [options] file...

DESCRIPTION         top

       more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time.
       This version is especially primitive.  Users should realize that
       less(1) provides more(1) emulation plus extensive enhancements.

OPTIONS         top

       Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make sure
       to precede them with a dash (-)) but command-line options will
       override those.

       -d, --silent
              Prompt with "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]", and
              display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing the
              bell when an illegal key is pressed.

       -l, --logical
              Do not pause after any line containing a ^L (form feed).

       -f, --no-pause
              Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long
              lines are not folded).

       -p, --print-over
              Do not scroll.  Instead, clear the whole screen and then
              display the text.  Notice that this option is switched on
              automatically if the executable is named page.

       -c, --clean-print
              Do not scroll.  Instead, paint each screen from the top,
              clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.

       -s, --squeeze
              Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.

       -u, --plain
              Suppress underlining.  This option is silently ignored as
              backwards compatibility.

       -n, --lines number
              Specify the number of lines per screenful.  The number
              argument is a positive decimal integer.  The --lines option
              shall override any values obtained from any other source, such
              as number of lines reported by terminal.

              A numeric option means the same as --lines option argument.

              Start displaying each file at line number.

              The string to be searched in each file before starting to
              display it.

       --help Display help text and exit.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

COMMANDS         top

       Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1).  Some commands may
       be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions below.
       In the following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

              h or ?    Help; display a summary of these commands.  If you
                        forget all other commands, remember this one.

              SPACE     Display next k lines of text.  Defaults to current
                        screen size.

              z         Display next k lines of text.  Defaults to current
                        screen size.  Argument becomes new default.

              RETURN    Display next k lines of text.  Defaults to 1.
                        Argument becomes new default.

              d or ^D   Scroll k lines.  Default is current scroll size,
                        initially 11.  Argument becomes new default.

              q or Q or INTERRUPT

              s         Skip forward k lines of text.  Defaults to 1.

              f         Skip forward k screenfuls of text.  Defaults to 1.

              b or ^B   Skip backwards k screenfuls of text.  Defaults to 1.
                        Only works with files, not pipes.

              '         Go to the place where the last search started.

              =         Display current line number.

              /pattern  Search for kth occurrence of regular expression.
                        Defaults to 1.

              n         Search for kth occurrence of last regular
                        expression.  Defaults to 1.

              !command or :!command
                        Execute command in a subshell.

              v         Start up an editor at current line.  The editor is
                        taken from the environment variable VISUAL if
                        defined, or EDITOR if VISUAL is not defined, or
                        defaults to vi if neither VISUAL nor EDITOR is

              ^L        Redraw screen.

              :n        Go to kth next file.  Defaults to 1.

              :p        Go to kth previous file.  Defaults to 1.

              :f        Display current file name and line number.

              .         Repeat previous command.

ENVIRONMENT         top

       The more command respects the following environment variables, if
       they exist:

       MORE   This variable may be set with favored options to more.

       SHELL  Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login

       TERM   The terminal type used by more to get the terminal
              characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.

       VISUAL The editor the user prefers.  Invoked when command key v is

       EDITOR The editor of choice when VISUAL is not specified.

HISTORY         top

       The more command appeared in 3.0BSD.  This man page documents more
       version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the
       Linux community.  Documentation was produced using several other
       versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source

AUTHORS         top

       Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley
       Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing
       Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment

SEE ALSO         top

       less(1), vi(1)

AVAILABILITY         top

       The more command is part of the util-linux package and is available
       from Linux Kernel Archive 

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
       utilities) project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a
       bug report for this manual page, send it to  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on
       2020-11-01.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that
       was found in the repository was 2020-10-21.)  If you discover any
       rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe
       there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

util-linux                       March 2020                          MORE(1)

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