more(1) — Linux manual page


MORE(1)                       User Commands                      MORE(1)

NAME         top

       more - display the contents of a file in a terminal

SYNOPSIS         top

       more [options] file ...

DESCRIPTION         top

       more is a filter for paging through text one screenful at a time.
       This version is especially primitive. Users should realize that
       less(1) provides more(1) emulation plus extensive enhancements.

OPTIONS         top

       Options are also taken from the environment variable MORE (make
       sure to precede them with a dash (-)) but command-line options
       will override those.

       -d, --silent
           Prompt with "[Press space to continue, 'q' to quit.]", and
           display "[Press 'h' for instructions.]" instead of ringing
           the bell when an illegal key is pressed.

       -l, --logical
           Do not pause after any line containing a ^L (form feed).

       -e, --exit-on-eof
           Exit on End-Of-File, enabled by default if POSIXLY_CORRECT
           environment variable is not set or if not executed on

       -f, --no-pause
           Count logical lines, rather than screen lines (i.e., long
           lines are not folded).

       -p, --print-over
           Do not scroll. Instead, clear the whole screen and then
           display the text. Notice that this option is switched on
           automatically if the executable is named page.

       -c, --clean-print
           Do not scroll. Instead, paint each screen from the top,
           clearing the remainder of each line as it is displayed.

       -s, --squeeze
           Squeeze multiple blank lines into one.

       -u, --plain
           Suppress underlining. This option is silently ignored as
           backwards compatibility.

       -n, --lines number
           Specify the number of lines per screenful. The number
           argument is a positive decimal integer. The --lines option
           shall override any values obtained from any other source,
           such as number of lines reported by terminal.

           A numeric option means the same as --lines option argument.

           Start displaying each file at line number.

           The string to be searched in each file before starting to
           display it.

       -h, --help
           Display help text and exit.

       -V, --version
           Print version and exit.

COMMANDS         top

       Interactive commands for more are based on vi(1). Some commands
       may be preceded by a decimal number, called k in the descriptions
       below. In the following descriptions, ^X means control-X.

       h or ?
           Help; display a summary of these commands. If you forget all
           other commands, remember this one.

           Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen

           Display next k lines of text. Defaults to current screen
           size. Argument becomes new default.

           Display next k lines of text. Defaults to 1. Argument becomes
           new default.

       d or ^D
           Scroll k lines. Default is current scroll size, initially 11.
           Argument becomes new default.

       q or Q or INTERRUPT

           Skip forward k lines of text. Defaults to 1.

           Skip forward k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1.

       b or ^B
           Skip backwards k screenfuls of text. Defaults to 1. Only
           works with files, not pipes.

           Go to the place where the last search started.

           Display current line number.

           Search for kth occurrence of regular expression. Defaults to

           Search for kth occurrence of last regular expression.
           Defaults to 1.

       !command or :!command
           Execute command in a subshell.

           Start up an editor at current line. The editor is taken from
           the environment variable VISUAL if defined, or EDITOR if
           VISUAL is not defined, or defaults to vi(1) if neither VISUAL
           nor EDITOR is defined.

           Redraw screen.

           Go to kth next file. Defaults to 1.

           Go to kth previous file. Defaults to 1.

           Display current file name and line number.

           Repeat previous command.

ENVIRONMENT         top

       The more command respects the following environment variables, if
       they exist:

           This variable may be set with favored options to more.

           Current shell in use (normally set by the shell at login

           The terminal type used by more to get the terminal
           characteristics necessary to manipulate the screen.

           The editor the user prefers. Invoked when command key v is

           The editor of choice when VISUAL is not specified.

           Disable exit-on-eof (see option -e for more details).

HISTORY         top

       The more command appeared in 3.0BSD. This man page documents more
       version 5.19 (Berkeley 6/29/88), which is currently in use in the
       Linux community. Documentation was produced using several other
       versions of the man page, and extensive inspection of the source

AUTHORS         top

       Eric Shienbrood, UC Berkeley.

       Modified by Geoff Peck, UCB to add underlining, single spacing.

       Modified by John Foderaro, UCB to add -c and MORE environment

SEE ALSO         top

       less(1), vi(1)

REPORTING BUGS         top

       For bug reports, use the issue tracker at

AVAILABILITY         top

       The more command is part of the util-linux package which can be
       downloaded from Linux Kernel Archive
       <>. This page
       is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
       utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩. If you have
       a bug report for this manual page, send it to This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on
       2023-12-22. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2023-12-14.) If you discover
       any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
       believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page,
       or you have corrections or improvements to the information in
       this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page),
       send a mail to

util-linux 2.39.594-1e0ad      2023-07-19                        MORE(1)

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