GIT-STASH(1)                     Git Manual                     GIT-STASH(1)

NAME         top

       git-stash - Stash the changes in a dirty working directory away

SYNOPSIS         top

       git stash list [<options>]
       git stash show [<stash>]
       git stash drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
       git stash ( pop | apply ) [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
       git stash branch <branchname> [<stash>]
       git stash save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
                    [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [<message>]
       git stash [push [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-q|--quiet]
                    [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all] [-m|--message <message>]]
                    [--] [<pathspec>...]]
       git stash clear
       git stash create [<message>]
       git stash store [-m|--message <message>] [-q|--quiet] <commit>

DESCRIPTION         top

       Use git stash when you want to record the current state of the
       working directory and the index, but want to go back to a clean
       working directory. The command saves your local modifications away
       and reverts the working directory to match the HEAD commit.

       The modifications stashed away by this command can be listed with git
       stash list, inspected with git stash show, and restored (potentially
       on top of a different commit) with git stash apply. Calling git stash
       without any arguments is equivalent to git stash save. A stash is by
       default listed as "WIP on branchname ...", but you can give a more
       descriptive message on the command line when you create one.

       The latest stash you created is stored in refs/stash; older stashes
       are found in the reflog of this reference and can be named using the
       usual reflog syntax (e.g. stash@{0} is the most recently created
       stash, stash@{1} is the one before it, stash@{2.hours.ago} is also
       possible). Stashes may also be referenced by specifying just the
       stash index (e.g. the integer n is equivalent to stash@{n}).

OPTIONS         top

       save [-p|--patch] [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-u|--include-untracked]
       [-a|--all] [-q|--quiet] [<message>], push [-p|--patch]
       [-k|--[no-]keep-index] [-u|--include-untracked] [-a|--all]
       [-q|--quiet] [-m|--message <message>] [--] [<pathspec>...]
           Save your local modifications to a new stash and roll them back
           to HEAD (in the working tree and in the index). The <message>
           part is optional and gives the description along with the stashed

           For quickly making a snapshot, you can omit "push". In this mode,
           non-option arguments are not allowed to prevent a misspelled
           subcommand from making an unwanted stash. The two exceptions to
           this are stash -p which acts as alias for stash push -p and
           pathspecs, which are allowed after a double hyphen -- for

           When pathspec is given to git stash push, the new stash records
           the modified states only for the files that match the pathspec.
           The index entries and working tree files are then rolled back to
           the state in HEAD only for these files, too, leaving files that
           do not match the pathspec intact.

           If the --keep-index option is used, all changes already added to
           the index are left intact.

           If the --include-untracked option is used, all untracked files
           are also stashed and then cleaned up with git clean, leaving the
           working directory in a very clean state. If the --all option is
           used instead then the ignored files are stashed and cleaned in
           addition to the untracked files.

           With --patch, you can interactively select hunks from the diff
           between HEAD and the working tree to be stashed. The stash entry
           is constructed such that its index state is the same as the index
           state of your repository, and its worktree contains only the
           changes you selected interactively. The selected changes are then
           rolled back from your worktree. See the “Interactive Mode”
           section of git-add(1) to learn how to operate the --patch mode.

           The --patch option implies --keep-index. You can use
           --no-keep-index to override this.

       list [<options>]
           List the stashes that you currently have. Each stash is listed
           with its name (e.g.  stash@{0} is the latest stash, stash@{1} is
           the one before, etc.), the name of the branch that was current
           when the stash was made, and a short description of the commit
           the stash was based on.

               stash@{0}: WIP on submit: 6ebd0e2... Update git-stash documentation
               stash@{1}: On master: 9cc0589... Add git-stash

           The command takes options applicable to the git log command to
           control what is shown and how. See git-log(1).

       show [<stash>]
           Show the changes recorded in the stash as a diff between the
           stashed state and its original parent. When no <stash> is given,
           shows the latest one. By default, the command shows the diffstat,
           but it will accept any format known to git diff (e.g., git stash
           show -p stash@{1} to view the second most recent stash in patch
           form). You can use stash.showStat and/or stash.showPatch config
           variables to change the default behavior.

       pop [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
           Remove a single stashed state from the stash list and apply it on
           top of the current working tree state, i.e., do the inverse
           operation of git stash save. The working directory must match the

           Applying the state can fail with conflicts; in this case, it is
           not removed from the stash list. You need to resolve the
           conflicts by hand and call git stash drop manually afterwards.

           If the --index option is used, then tries to reinstate not only
           the working tree’s changes, but also the index’s ones. However,
           this can fail, when you have conflicts (which are stored in the
           index, where you therefore can no longer apply the changes as
           they were originally).

           When no <stash> is given, stash@{0} is assumed, otherwise <stash>
           must be a reference of the form stash@{<revision>}.

       apply [--index] [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
           Like pop, but do not remove the state from the stash list. Unlike
           pop, <stash> may be any commit that looks like a commit created
           by stash save or stash create.

       branch <branchname> [<stash>]
           Creates and checks out a new branch named <branchname> starting
           from the commit at which the <stash> was originally created,
           applies the changes recorded in <stash> to the new working tree
           and index. If that succeeds, and <stash> is a reference of the
           form stash@{<revision>}, it then drops the <stash>. When no
           <stash> is given, applies the latest one.

           This is useful if the branch on which you ran git stash save has
           changed enough that git stash apply fails due to conflicts. Since
           the stash is applied on top of the commit that was HEAD at the
           time git stash was run, it restores the originally stashed state
           with no conflicts.

           Remove all the stashed states. Note that those states will then
           be subject to pruning, and may be impossible to recover (see
           Examples below for a possible strategy).

       drop [-q|--quiet] [<stash>]
           Remove a single stashed state from the stash list. When no
           <stash> is given, it removes the latest one. i.e.  stash@{0},
           otherwise <stash> must be a valid stash log reference of the form

           Create a stash (which is a regular commit object) and return its
           object name, without storing it anywhere in the ref namespace.
           This is intended to be useful for scripts. It is probably not the
           command you want to use; see "save" above.

           Store a given stash created via git stash create (which is a
           dangling merge commit) in the stash ref, updating the stash
           reflog. This is intended to be useful for scripts. It is probably
           not the command you want to use; see "save" above.

DISCUSSION         top

       A stash is represented as a commit whose tree records the state of
       the working directory, and its first parent is the commit at HEAD
       when the stash was created. The tree of the second parent records the
       state of the index when the stash is made, and it is made a child of
       the HEAD commit. The ancestry graph looks like this:

                 /    /

       where H is the HEAD commit, I is a commit that records the state of
       the index, and W is a commit that records the state of the working

EXAMPLES         top

       Pulling into a dirty tree
           When you are in the middle of something, you learn that there are
           upstream changes that are possibly relevant to what you are
           doing. When your local changes do not conflict with the changes
           in the upstream, a simple git pull will let you move forward.

           However, there are cases in which your local changes do conflict
           with the upstream changes, and git pull refuses to overwrite your
           changes. In such a case, you can stash your changes away, perform
           a pull, and then unstash, like this:

               $ git pull
               file foobar not up to date, cannot merge.
               $ git stash
               $ git pull
               $ git stash pop

       Interrupted workflow
           When you are in the middle of something, your boss comes in and
           demands that you fix something immediately. Traditionally, you
           would make a commit to a temporary branch to store your changes
           away, and return to your original branch to make the emergency
           fix, like this:

               # ... hack hack hack ...
               $ git checkout -b my_wip
               $ git commit -a -m "WIP"
               $ git checkout master
               $ edit emergency fix
               $ git commit -a -m "Fix in a hurry"
               $ git checkout my_wip
               $ git reset --soft HEAD^
               # ... continue hacking ...

           You can use git stash to simplify the above, like this:

               # ... hack hack hack ...
               $ git stash
               $ edit emergency fix
               $ git commit -a -m "Fix in a hurry"
               $ git stash pop
               # ... continue hacking ...

       Testing partial commits
           You can use git stash save --keep-index when you want to make two
           or more commits out of the changes in the work tree, and you want
           to test each change before committing:

               # ... hack hack hack ...
               $ git add --patch foo            # add just first part to the index
               $ git stash save --keep-index    # save all other changes to the stash
               $ edit/build/test first part
               $ git commit -m 'First part'     # commit fully tested change
               $ git stash pop                  # prepare to work on all other changes
               # ... repeat above five steps until one commit remains ...
               $ edit/build/test remaining parts
               $ git commit foo -m 'Remaining parts'

       Recovering stashes that were cleared/dropped erroneously
           If you mistakenly drop or clear stashes, they cannot be recovered
           through the normal safety mechanisms. However, you can try the
           following incantation to get a list of stashes that are still in
           your repository, but not reachable any more:

               git fsck --unreachable |
               grep commit | cut -d\  -f3 |
               xargs git log --merges --no-walk --grep=WIP

SEE ALSO         top

       git-checkout(1), git-commit(1), git-reflog(1), git-reset(1)

GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       see ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨⟩ on
       2017-04-25.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
       sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
       source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
       ual page), send a mail to

Git           03/12/2017                     GIT-STASH(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-config(1)git-merge(1)git-pull(1)git-reset(1)git-worktree(1)gitworkflows(7)