pcp2template(1) — Linux manual page


PCP2XXX(1)               General Commands Manual              PCP2XXX(1)

NAME         top

       pcp2XXX - pcp-to-XXX metrics exporter

SYNOPSIS         top

       pcp2XXX [-5CGHIjLnrRvVz?]  [-4 action] [-8|-9 limit] [-a archive]
       [-A align] [--archive-folio folio] [-b|-B space-scale] [-c
       config] [--container container] [--daemonize] [-e derived] [-f
       format] [-F outfile] [-h host] [-i instances] [-J rank] [-K spec]
       [-N predicate] [-O origin] [-P|-0 precision] [-q|-Q count-scale]
       [-s samples] [-S starttime] [-t interval] [-T endtime] [-y|-Y
       time-scale] [-Z timezone] metricspec [...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       pcp2XXX is a customizable performance metrics exporter tool from
       PCP to XXX.  Any available performance metric, live or archived,
       system and/or application, can be selected for exporting using
       either command line arguments or a configuration file.

       pcp2XXX is a close relative of pmrep(1).  Refer to pmrep(1) for
       the metricspec description accepted on pcp2XXX command line.  See
       pmrep.conf(5) for description of the pcp2XXX.conf configuration
       file syntax.  This page describes pcp2XXX specific options and
       configuration file differences with pmrep.conf(5).  pmrep(1) also
       lists some usage examples of which most are applicable with
       pcp2XXX as well.

       Only the command line options listed on this page are supported,
       other options available for pmrep(1) are not supported.

       Options via environment values (see pmGetOptions(3)) override the
       corresponding built-in default values (if any).  Configuration
       file options override the corresponding environment variables (if
       any).  Command line options override the corresponding
       configuration file options (if any).


       pcp2XXX uses a configuration file with syntax described in
       pmrep.conf(5).  The following options are common with pmrep.conf:
       version, source, speclocal, derived, header, globals, samples,
       interval, type, type_prefer, ignore_incompat, names_change,
       instances, live_filter, rank, limit_filter, limit_filter_force,
       invert_filter, predicate, omit_flat, precision, precision_force,
       count_scale, count_scale_force, space_scale, space_scale_force,
       time_scale, time_scale_force.  The rest of the pmrep.conf options
       are recognized but ignored for compatibility.

   pcp2XXX specific options

OPTIONS         top

       The available command line options are:

       -0 precision, --precision-force=precision
            Like -P but this option will override per-metric

       -4 action, --names-change=action
            Specify which action to take on receiving a metric names
            change event during sampling.  These events occur when a
            PMDA discovers new metrics sometime after starting up, and
            informs running client tools like pcp2XXX.  Valid values for
            action are update (refresh metrics being sampled), ignore
            (do nothing - the default behaviour) and abort (exit the
            program if such an event occurs).

       -5, --ignore-unknown
            Silently ignore any metric name that cannot be resolved.  At
            least one metric must be found for the tool to start.

       -8 limit, --limit-filter=limit
            Limit results to instances with values above/below limit.  A
            positive integer will include instances with values at or
            above the limit in reporting.  A negative integer will
            include instances with values at or below the limit in
            reporting.  A value of zero performs no limit filtering.
            This option will not override possible per-metric
            specifications.  See also -J and -N.

       -9 limit, --limit-filter-force=limit
            Like -8 but this option will override per-metric

       -a archive, --archive=archive
            Performance metric values are retrieved from the set of
            Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive files identified by the
            archive argument, which is a comma-separated list of names,
            each of which may be the base name of an archive or the name
            of a directory containing one or more archives.

       -A align, --align=align
            Force the initial sample to be aligned on the boundary of a
            natural time unit align.  Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a
            complete description of the syntax for align.

            Read metric source archives from the PCP archive folio
            created by tools like pmchart(1) or, less often, manually
            with mkaf(1).

       -b scale, --space-scale=scale
            Unit/scale for space (byte) metrics, possible values include
            bytes, Kbytes, KB, Mbytes, MB, and so forth.  This option
            will not override possible per-metric specifications.  See
            also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -B scale, --space-scale-force=scale
            Like -b but this option will override per-metric

       -c config, --config=config
            Specify the config file or directory to use.  In case config
            is a directory all files in it ending .conf will be
            included.  The default is the first found of:
            ./pcp2XXX.conf, $HOME/.pcp2XXX.conf, $HOME/pcp/pcp2XXX.conf,
            and $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pcp2XXX.conf.  For details, see the
            above section and pmrep.conf(5).

            Fetch performance metrics from the specified container,
            either local or remote (see -h).

       -C, --check
            Exit before reporting any values, but after parsing the
            configuration and metrics and printing possible headers.

            Daemonize on startup.

       -e derived, --derived=derived
            Specify derived performance metrics.  If derived starts with
            a slash (``/'') or with a dot (``.'') it will be interpreted
            as a PCP derived metrics configuration file, otherwise it
            will be interpreted as comma- or semicolon-separated derived
            metric expressions.  For complete description of derived
            metrics and PCP derived metrics configuration files see
            pmLoadDerivedConfig(3) and pmRegisterDerived(3).
            Alternatively, using pmrep.conf(5) configuration syntax
            allows defining derived metrics as part of metricsets.

       -G, --no-globals
            Do not include global metrics in reporting (see

       -f format, --timestamp-format=format
            Use the format string for formatting the timestamp.  The
            format will be used with Python's datetime.strftime method
            which is mostly the same as that described in strftime(3).
            The default is %Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.

       -F outfile, --output-file=outfile
            Specify the output file outfile.

       -h host, --host=host
            Fetch performance metrics from pmcd(1) on host, rather than
            from the default localhost.

       -H, --no-header
            Do not print any headers.

       -i instances, --instances=instances
            Retrieve and report only the specified metric instances.  By
            default all instances, present and future, are reported.

            Refer to pmrep(1) for complete description of this option.

       -I, --ignore-incompat
            Ignore incompatible metrics.  By default incompatible
            metrics (that is, their type is unsupported or they cannot
            be scaled as requested) will cause pcp2XXX to terminate with
            an error message.  With this option all incompatible metrics
            are silently omitted from reporting.  This may be especially
            useful when requesting non-leaf nodes of the PMNS tree for

       -j, --live-filter
            Perform instance live filtering.  This allows capturing all
            named instances even if processes are restarted at some
            point (unlike without live filtering).  Performing live
            filtering over a huge number of instances will add some
            internal overhead so a bit of user caution is advised.  See
            also -n.

       -J rank, --rank=rank
            Limit results to highest/lowest ranked instances of set-
            valued metrics.  A positive integer will include highest
            valued instances in reporting.  A negative integer will
            include lowest valued instances in reporting.  A value of
            zero performs no ranking.  Ranking does not imply sorting,
            see -6.  See also -8.

       -K spec, --spec-local=spec
            When fetching metrics from a local context (see -L), the -K
            option may be used to control the DSO PMDAs that should be
            made accessible.  The spec argument conforms to the syntax
            described in pmSpecLocalPMDA(3).  More than one -K option
            may be used.

       -L, --local-PMDA
            Use a local context to collect metrics from DSO PMDAs on the
            local host without PMCD.  See also -K.

       -n, --invert-filter
            Perform ranking before live filtering.  By default instance
            live filtering (when requested, see -j) happens before
            instance ranking (when requested, see -J).  With this option
            the logic is inverted and ranking happens before live

       -N predicate, --predicate=predicate
            Specify a comma-separated list of predicate filter reference
            metrics.  By default ranking (see -J) happens for each
            metric individually.  With predicates, ranking is done only
            for the specified predicate metrics.  When reporting, rest
            of the metrics sharing the same instance domain (see
            PCPIntro(1)) as the predicate will include only the
            highest/lowest ranking instances of the corresponding
            predicate.  Ranking does not imply sorting, see -6.

            So for example, using proc.memory.rss (resident memory size
            of process) as the predicate metric together with
            proc.io.total_bytes and mem.util.used as metrics to be
            reported, only the processes using most/least (as per -J)
            memory will be included when reporting total bytes written
            by processes.  Since mem.util.used is a single-valued metric
            (thus not sharing the same instance domain as the process
            related metrics), it will be reported as usual.

       -O origin, --origin=origin
            When reporting archived metrics, start reporting at origin
            within the time window (see -S and -T).  Refer to
            PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for

       -P precision, --precision=precision
            Use precision for numeric non-integer output values.  The
            default is to use 3 decimal places (when applicable).  This
            option will not override possible per-metric specifications.

       -q scale, --count-scale=scale
            Unit/scale for count metrics, possible values include count
            x 10^-1, count, count x 10, count x 10^2, and so forth from
            10^-8 to 10^7.  (These values are currently space-
            sensitive.)  This option will not override possible per-
            metric specifications.  See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -Q scale, --count-scale-force=scale
            Like -q but this option will override per-metric

       -r, --raw
            Output raw metric values, do not convert cumulative counters
            to rates.  This option will override possible per-metric

       -R, --raw-prefer
            Like -r but this option will not override per-metric

       -s samples, --samples=samples
            The samples argument defines the number of samples to be
            retrieved and reported.  If samples is 0 or -s is not
            specified, pcp2XXX will sample and report continuously (in
            real time mode) or until the end of the set of PCP archives
            (in archive mode).  See also -T.

       -S starttime, --start=starttime
            When reporting archived metrics, the report will be
            restricted to those records logged at or after starttime.
            Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the
            syntax for starttime.

       -t interval, --interval=interval
            Set the reporting interval to something other than the
            default 1 second.  The interval argument follows the syntax
            described in PCPIntro(1), and in the simplest form may be an
            unsigned integer (the implied units in this case are
            seconds).  See also the -T option.

       -T endtime, --finish=endtime
            When reporting archived metrics, the report will be
            restricted to those records logged before or at endtime.
            Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the
            syntax for endtime.

            When used to define the runtime before pcp2XXX will exit, if
            no samples is given (see -s) then the number of reported
            samples depends on interval (see -t).  If samples is given
            then interval will be adjusted to allow reporting of samples
            during runtime.  In case all of -T, -s, and -t are given,
            endtime determines the actual time pcp2XXX will run.

       -v, --omit-flat
            Report only set-valued metrics with instances (e.g.
            disk.dev.read) and omit single-valued ``flat'' metrics
            without instances (e.g.  kernel.all.sysfork).  See -i and

       -V, --version
            Display version number and exit.

       -x, --with-extended
            Write extended information.

       -X, --with-everything
            Write everything known about metrics, including PCP internal

       -y scale, --time-scale=scale
            Unit/scale for time metrics, possible values include
            nanosec, ns, microsec, us, millisec, ms, and so forth up to
            hour, hr.  This option will not override possible per-metric
            specifications.  See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -Y scale, --time-scale-force=scale
            Like -y but this option will override per-metric

       -z, --hostzone
            Use the local timezone of the host that is the source of the
            performance metrics, as identified by either the -h or the
            -a options.  The default is to use the timezone of the local

       -Z timezone, --timezone=timezone
            Use timezone for the date and time.  Timezone is in the
            format of the environment variable TZ as described in
            environ(7).  Note that when including a timezone string in
            output, ISO 8601 -style UTC offsets are used (so something
            like -Z EST+5 will become UTC-5).

       -?, --help
            Display usage message and exit.

FILES         top

            pcp2XXX configuration file (see -c)

            system provided default pmrep configuration files


       Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to
       parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP.  On each
       installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values
       for these variables.  The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to
       specify an alternative configuration file, as described in

       For environment variables affecting PCP tools, see

SEE ALSO         top

       PCPIntro(1), mkaf(1), pcp(1), pcp2elasticsearch(1),
       pcp2graphite(1), pcp2influxdb(1), pcp2json(1), pcp2spark(1),
       pcp2xlsx(1), pcp2xml(1), pcp2zabbix(1), pmcd(1), pminfo(1),
       pmrep(1), pmGetOptions(3), pmLoadDerivedConfig(3),
       pmParseUnitsStr(3), pmRegisterDerived(3), pmSpecLocalPMDA(3),
       LOGARCHIVE(5), pcp.conf(5), pmrep.conf(5), PMNS(5) and

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the PCP (Performance Co-Pilot) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨http://www.pcp.io/⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual
       page, send it to pcp@groups.io.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/performancecopilot/pcp.git⟩ on 2023-12-22.
       (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found
       in the repository was 2023-12-16.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Performance Co-Pilot               PCP                        PCP2XXX(1)