PCP2JSON(1) General Commands Manual PCP2JSON(1)
pcp2json - pcp-to-json metrics exporter
pcp2json [-5CEGHIjLmnrRvVxXz?] [-4 action] [-8|-9 limit] [-a archive] [-A align] [--archive-folio folio] [-b|-B space-scale] [-c config] [--container container] [--daemonize] [-e derived] [-f format] [-F outfile] [-h host] [-i instances] [-J rank] [-K spec] [-N predicate] [-O origin] [-P|-0 precision] [-q|-Q count- scale] [-s samples] [-S starttime] [-t interval] [-T endtime] [-y|-Y time-scale] [-Z timezone] metricspec [...]
pcp2json is a customizable performance metrics exporter tool from PCP to JSON. Any available performance metric, live or archived, system and/or application, can be selected for exporting using either command line arguments or a configuration file. pcp2json is a close relative of pmrep(1). Refer to pmrep(1) for the metricspec description accepted on pcp2json command line. See pmrep.conf(5) for description of the pcp2json.conf configuration file overall syntax. This page describes pcp2json specific options and configuration file differences with pmrep.conf(5). pmrep(1) also lists some usage examples of which most are applicable with pcp2json as well. Only the command line options listed on this page are supported, other options recognized by pmrep(1) are not supported. Options via environment values (see pmGetOptions(3)) override the corresponding built-in default values (if any). Configuration file options override the corresponding environment variables (if any). Command line options override the corresponding configuration file options (if any).
pcp2json uses a configuration file with overall syntax described in pmrep.conf(5). The following options are common with pmrep.conf: version, source, speclocal, derived, header, globals, samples, interval, type, type_prefer, ignore_incompat, names_change, instances, live_filter, rank, limit_filter, limit_filter_force, invert_filter, predicate, omit_flat, include_labels, precision, precision_force, count_scale, count_scale_force, space_scale, space_scale_force, time_scale, time_scale_force. The output option is recognized but ignored for pmrep.conf compatibility. pcp2json specific options extended (boolean) Write extended information about metrics. Corresponding command line option is -x. Default is no. everything (boolean) Write everything known about metrics, including PCP internal IDs. Labels are, however, omitted for backward compatibility, use include_labels yes to include them as well. Corresponding command line option is -X. Default is no. exact_types (boolean) Write numbers as number data types, not as strings, potentially losing some precision. Corresponding command line option is -E. Default is no.
The available command line options are: -0 precision, --precision-force=precision Like -P but this option will override per-metric specifications. -4 action, --names-change=action Specify which action to take on receiving a metric names change event during sampling. These events occur when a PMDA discovers new metrics sometime after starting up, and informs running client tools like pcp2json. Valid values for action are update (refresh metrics being sampled), ignore (do nothing - the default behaviour) and abort (exit the program if such an event happens). -5, --ignore-unknown Silently ignore any metric name that cannot be resolved. At least one metric must be found for the tool to start. -8 limit, --limit-filter=limit Limit results to instances with values above/below limit. A positive integer will include instances with values at or above the limit in reporting. A negative integer will include instances with values at or below the limit in reporting. A value of zero performs no limit filtering. This option will not override possible per-metric specifications. See also -J and -N. -9 limit, --limit-filter-force=limit Like -8 but this option will override per-metric specifications. -a archive, --archive=archive Performance metric values are retrieved from the set of Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive log files identified by the archive argument, which is a comma-separated list of names, each of which may be the base name of an archive or the name of a directory containing one or more archives. -A align, --align=align Force the initial sample to be aligned on the boundary of a natural time unit align. Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for align. --archive-folio=folio Read metric source archives from the PCP archive folio created by tools like pmchart(1) or, less often, manually with mkaf(1). -b scale, --space-scale=scale Unit/scale for space (byte) metrics, possible values include bytes, Kbytes, KB, Mbytes, MB, and so forth. This option will not override possible per-metric specifications. See also pmParseUnitsStr(3). -B scale, --space-scale-force=scale Like -b but this option will override per-metric specifications. -c config, --config=config Specify the config file or directory to use. In case config is a directory all files under it ending .conf will be included. The default is the first found of: ./pcp2json.conf, $HOME/.pcp2json.conf, $HOME/pcp/pcp2json.conf, and $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pcp2json.conf. For details, see the above section and pmrep.conf(5). --container=container Fetch performance metrics from the specified container, either local or remote (see -h). -C, --check Exit before reporting any values, but after parsing the configuration and metrics and printing possible headers. --daemonize Daemonize on startup. -e derived, --derived=derived Specify derived performance metrics. If derived starts with a slash (``/'') or with a dot (``.'') it will be interpreted as a derived metrics configuration file, otherwise it will be interpreted as comma- or semicolon-separated derived metric expressions. For details see pmLoadDerivedConfig(3) and pmRegisterDerived(3). -E, --exact-types Write numbers as number data types, not as strings, potentially losing some precision. -f format, --timestamp-format=format Use the format string for formatting the timestamp. The format will be used with Python's datetime.strftime method which is mostly the same as that described in strftime(3). The default is %Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S. -F outfile, --output-file=outfile Specify the output file outfile. -G, --no-globals Do not include global metrics in reporting (see pmrep.conf(5)). -h host, --host=host Fetch performance metrics from pmcd(1) on host, rather than from the default localhost. -H, --no-header Do not print any headers. -i instances, --instances=instances Retrieve and report only the specified metric instances. By default all instances, present and future, are reported. Refer to pmrep(1) for complete description of this option. -I, --ignore-incompat Ignore incompatible metrics. By default incompatible metrics (that is, their type is unsupported or they cannot be scaled as requested) will cause pcp2json to terminate with an error message. With this option all incompatible metrics are silently omitted from reporting. This may be especially useful when requesting non-leaf nodes of the PMNS tree for reporting. -j, --live-filter Perform instance live filtering. This allows capturing all named instances even if processes are restarted at some point (unlike without live filtering). Performing live filtering over a huge number of instances will add some internal overhead so a bit of user caution is advised. See also -n. -J rank, --rank=rank Limit results to highest/lowest ranked instances of set- valued metrics. A positive integer will include highest valued instances in reporting. A negative integer will include lowest valued instances in reporting. A value of zero performs no ranking. Ranking does not imply sorting, see -6. See also -8. -K spec, --spec-local=spec When fetching metrics from a local context (see -L), the -K option may be used to control the DSO PMDAs that should be made accessible. The spec argument conforms to the syntax described in pmSpecLocalPMDA(3). More than one -K option may be used. -L, --local-PMDA Use a local context to collect metrics from DSO PMDAs on the local host without PMCD. See also -K. -n, --invert-filter Perform ranking before live filtering. By default instance live filtering (when requested, see -j) happens before instance ranking (when requested, see -J). With this option the logic is inverted and ranking happens before live filtering. -m, --include-labels Include metric labels in the output. -N predicate, --predicate=predicate Specify a comma-separated list of predicate filter reference metrics. By default ranking (see -J) happens for each metric individually. With predicates, ranking is done only for the specified predicate metrics. When reporting, rest of the metrics sharing the same instance domain (see PCPIntro(1)) as the predicate will include only the highest/lowest ranking instances of the corresponding predicate. Ranking does not imply sorting, see -6. So for example, using proc.memory.rss (resident memory size of process) as the predicate metric together with proc.io.total_bytes and mem.util.used as metrics to be reported, only the processes using most/least (as per -J) memory will be included when reporting total bytes written by processes. Since mem.util.used is a single-valued metric (thus not sharing the same instance domain as the process related metrics), it will be reported as usual. -O origin, --origin=origin When reporting archived metrics, start reporting at origin within the time window (see -S and -T). Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for origin. -P precision, --precision=precision Use precision for numeric non-integer output values. The default is to use 3 decimal places (when applicable). This option will not override possible per-metric specifications. -q scale, --count-scale=scale Unit/scale for count metrics, possible values include count x 10^-1, count, count x 10, count x 10^2, and so forth from 10^-8 to 10^7. (These values are currently space- sensitive.) This option will not override possible per- metric specifications. See also pmParseUnitsStr(3). -Q scale, --count-scale-force=scale Like -q but this option will override per-metric specifications. -r, --raw Output raw metric values, do not convert cumulative counters to rates. This option will override possible per-metric specifications. -R, --raw-prefer Like -r but this option will not override per-metric specifications. -s samples, --samples=samples The samples argument defines the number of samples to be retrieved and reported. If samples is 0 or -s is not specified, pcp2json will sample and report continuously (in real time mode) or until the end of the set of PCP archives (in archive mode). See also -T. -S starttime, --start=starttime When reporting archived metrics, the report will be restricted to those records logged at or after starttime. Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for starttime. -t interval, --interval=interval Set the reporting interval to something other than the default 1 second. The interval argument follows the syntax described in PCPIntro(1), and in the simplest form may be an unsigned integer (the implied units in this case are seconds). See also the -T option. -T endtime, --finish=endtime When reporting archived metrics, the report will be restricted to those records logged before or at endtime. Refer to PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for endtime. When used to define the runtime before pcp2json will exit, if no samples is given (see -s) then the number of reported samples depends on interval (see -t). If samples is given then interval will be adjusted to allow reporting of samples during runtime. In case all of -T, -s, and -t are given, endtime determines the actual time pcp2json will run. -v, --omit-flat Report only set-valued metrics with instances (e.g. disk.dev.read) and omit single-valued ``flat'' metrics without instances (e.g. kernel.all.sysfork). See -i and -I. -V, --version Display version number and exit. -x, --with-extended Write extended information. -X, --with-everything Write everything known about metrics, including PCP internal IDs. Labels are, however, omitted for backward compatibility, use -m to include them as well. -y scale, --time-scale=scale Unit/scale for time metrics, possible values include nanosec, ns, microsec, us, millisec, ms, and so forth up to hour, hr. This option will not override possible per-metric specifications. See also pmParseUnitsStr(3). -Y scale, --time-scale-force=scale Like -y but this option will override per-metric specifications. -z, --hostzone Use the local timezone of the host that is the source of the performance metrics, as identified by either the -h or the -a options. The default is to use the timezone of the local host. -Z timezone, --timezone=timezone Use timezone for the date and time. Timezone is in the format of the environment variable TZ as described in environ(7). Note that when including a timezone string in output, ISO 8601 -style UTC offsets are used (so something like -Z EST+5 will become UTC-5). -?, --help Display usage message and exit.
pcp2json.conf pcp2json configuration file (see -c)
Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parameterize the file and directory names used by PCP. On each installation, the file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values for these variables. The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to specify an alternative configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5). For environment variables affecting PCP tools, see pmGetOptions(3).
mkaf(1), PCPIntro(1), pcp(1), pcp2elasticsearch(1), pcp2graphite(1), pcp2influxdb(1), pcp2spark(1), pcp2xlsx(1), pcp2xml(1), pcp2zabbix(1), pmcd(1), pminfo(1), pmrep(1), pmGetOptions(3), pmSpecLocalPMDA(3), pmLoadDerivedConfig(3), pmParseUnitsStr(3), pmRegisterDerived(3), LOGARCHIVE(5), pcp.conf(5), PMNS(5), pmrep.conf(5) and environ(7).
This page is part of the PCP (Performance Co-Pilot) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.pcp.io/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to email@example.com. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/performancecopilot/pcp.git⟩ on 2021-08-27. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2021-08-27.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org Performance Co-Pilot PCP PCP2JSON(1)
Pages that refer to this page: pcp2elasticsearch(1), pcp2graphite(1), pcp2influxdb(1), pcp2spark(1), pcp2template(1), pcp2xlsx(1), pcp2xml(1), pcp2zabbix(1), pmrep(1)