stapdyn(8) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | ARGUMENTS | EXAMPLES | SAFETY AND SECURITY | SEE ALSO | BUGS | COLOPHON

STAPDYN(8)               System Manager's Manual              STAPDYN(8)

NAME         top

       stapdyn - systemtap dyninst runtime

SYNOPSIS         top

       stapdyn [ OPTIONS ] MODULE [ MODULE-OPTIONS ]

DESCRIPTION         top

       The stapdyn program is the dyninst back-end of the Systemtap
       tool.  It expects a shared library produced by the front-end stap
       tool, when run with --dyninst.

       Splitting the systemtap tool into a front-end and a back-end
       allows a user to compile a systemtap script on a development
       machine that has the debugging information (need to compile the
       script) and then transfer the resulting shared object to a
       production machine that doesn't have any development tools or
       debugging information installed.

       Please refer to stappaths (7) for the version number, or run rpm
       -q systemtap (fedora/red hat) apt-get -v systemtap (ubuntu)

OPTIONS         top

       The stapdyn program supports the following options.  Any other
       option prints a list of supported options.

       -v     Verbose mode.

       -V     Print version number and exit.

       -w     Suppress warnings from the script.

       -c CMD Command CMD will be run and the stapdyn program will exit
              when CMD does.  The '_stp_target' variable will contain
              the pid for CMD.

       -x PID The '_stp_target' variable will be set to PID.

       -o FILE
              Send output to FILE. If the module uses bulk mode, the
              output will be in percpu files FILE_x(FILE_cpux in
              background and bulk mode) where 'x' is the cpu number.
              This supports strftime(3) formats for FILE.

       -C WHEN
              Control coloring of error messages. WHEN must be either
              "never", "always", or "auto" (i.e. enable only if at a
              terminal). If the option is missing, then "auto" is
              assumed. Colors can be modified using the SYSTEMTAP_COLORS
              environment variable. See the stap(1) manual page for more
              information on syntax and behaviour.

       var1=val
              Sets the value of global variable var1 to val. Global
              variables contained within a script are treated as options
              and can be set from the stapdyn command line.

ARGUMENTS         top

       MODULE is either a module path or a module name.  If it is a
       module name, the module will be looked for in the following
       directory (where 'VERSION' is the output of "uname -r"):

              /lib/modules/VERSION/systemtap

        $ stap --dyninst -p4 -m mod1 -e 'global var1="foo"; probe
       begin{printf("%s\n", var1); exit()}'

       Running this with an additional module argument:

        $ stapdyn mod1.so var1="HelloWorld"
        HelloWorld

       Spaces and exclamation marks currently cannot be passed into
       global variables this way.

EXAMPLES         top

       See the stapex(3stap) manual page for a collection of sample
       scripts.

       Here is a very basic example of how to use stapdyn.  First, use
       stap to compile a script.  The stap program will report the
       pathname to the resulting module.

        $ stap --dyninst -p4 -e 'probe begin { printf("Hello World!\n");
       exit() }'
        /home/user/.systemtap/cache/85/stap_8553d83f78c_265.so

       Run stapdyn with the pathname to the module as an argument.

        $ stapdyn /home/user/.systemtap/cache/85/stap_8553d83f78c_265.so
        Hello World!

SAFETY AND SECURITY         top

       Systemtap, in DynInst mode, is a developer tool, and runs
       completely unprivileged.  The Linux kernel will only permit one's
       own processes to be accessed, which is enforced by the ptrace(2)
       system call.  See the stap(1) manual page for additional
       information on safety and security.

SEE ALSO         top

       stap(1), stapprobes(3stap), stap-server(8), staprun(8),
       stapex(3stap)

BUGS         top

       Use the Bugzilla link of the project web page or our mailing
       list.  http://sourceware.org/systemtap/ ,
       <systemtap@sourceware.org>.

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemtap (a tracing and live-system
       analysis tool) project.  Information about the project can be
       found at ⟨https://sourceware.org/systemtap/⟩.  If you have a bug
       report for this manual page, send it to systemtap@sourceware.org.
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://sourceware.org/git/systemtap.git⟩ on 2020-12-18.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2020-12-16.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
       man-pages@man7.org

                                                              STAPDYN(8)

Pages that refer to this page: stap(1)staprun(8)