lvmlockd(8) — Linux manual page

NAME | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | USAGE | TOPICS | COLOPHON

LVMLOCKD(8)                                                  LVMLOCKD(8)

NAME         top

       lvmlockd — LVM locking daemon

DESCRIPTION         top

       LVM commands use lvmlockd to coordinate access to shared storage.
       When LVM is used on devices shared by multiple hosts, locks will:

       • coordinate reading and writing of LVM metadata
       • validate caching of LVM metadata
       • prevent conflicting activation of logical volumes

       lvmlockd uses an external lock manager to perform basic locking.
       Lock manager (lock type) options are:

       • sanlock: places locks on disk within LVM storage.
       • dlm: uses network communication and a cluster manager.

OPTIONS         top

       lvmlockd [options]

       For default settings, see lvmlockd -h.

       --help | -h
               Show this help information.

       --version | -V
               Show version of lvmlockd.

       --test | -T
               Test mode, do not call lock manager.

       --foreground | -f
               Don't fork.

       --daemon-debug | -D
               Don't fork and print debugging to stdout.

       --pid-file | -p path
               Set path to the pid file.

       --socket-path | -s path
               Set path to the socket to listen on.

       --adopt-file path
               Set path to the adopt file.

       --syslog-priority | -S err|warning|debug
               Write log messages from this level up to syslog.

       --gl-type | -g sanlock|dlm
               Set global lock type to be sanlock or dlm.

       --host-id | -i num
               Set the local sanlock host id.

       --host-id-file | -F path
               A file containing the local sanlock host_id.

       --sanlock-timeout | -o seconds
               Override the default sanlock I/O timeout.

       --adopt | -A 0|1
               Enable (1) or disable (0) lock adoption.

USAGE         top

   Initial set up
       Setting up LVM to use lvmlockd and a shared VG for the first time
       includes some one time set up steps:

   1. choose a lock manager
       dlm
       If dlm (or corosync) are already being used by other cluster
       software, then select dlm.  dlm uses corosync which requires
       additional configuration beyond the scope of this document.  See
       corosync and dlm documentation for instructions on configuration,
       set up and usage.

       sanlock
       Choose sanlock if dlm/corosync are not otherwise required.
       sanlock does not depend on any clustering software or
       configuration.

   2. configure hosts to use lvmlockd
       On all hosts running lvmlockd, configure lvm.conf:
       use_lvmlockd = 1

       sanlock
       Assign each host a unique host_id in the range 1-2000 by setting
       /etc/lvm/lvmlocal.conf local/host_id

   3. start lvmlockd
       Start the lvmlockd daemon.
       Use systemctl, a cluster resource agent, or run directly, e.g.
       systemctl start lvmlockd

   4. start lock manager
       sanlock
       Start the sanlock and wdmd daemons.
       Use systemctl or run directly, e.g.
       systemctl start wdmd sanlock

       dlm
       Start the dlm and corosync daemons.
       Use systemctl, a cluster resource agent, or run directly, e.g.
       systemctl start corosync dlm

   5. create VG on shared devices
       vgcreate --shared <vgname> <devices>

       The shared option sets the VG lock type to sanlock or dlm
       depending on which lock manager is running.  LVM commands acquire
       locks from lvmlockd, and lvmlockd uses the chosen lock manager.

   6. start VG on all hosts
       vgchange --lock-start

       Shared VGs must be started before they are used.  Starting the VG
       performs lock manager initialization that is necessary to begin
       using locks (i.e.  creating and joining a lockspace).  Starting
       the VG may take some time, and until the start completes the VG
       may not be modified or activated.

   7. create and activate LVs
       Standard lvcreate and lvchange commands are used to create and
       activate LVs in a shared VG.

       An LV activated exclusively on one host cannot be activated on
       another.  When multiple hosts need to use the same LV
       concurrently, the LV can be activated with a shared lock (see
       lvchange options -aey vs -asy.)  (Shared locks are disallowed for
       certain LV types that cannot be used from multiple hosts.)

   Normal start up and shut down
       After initial set up, start up and shut down include the
       following steps.  They can be performed directly or may be
       automated using systemd or a cluster resource manager/agents.

       • start lvmlockd
       • start lock manager
       • vgchange --lock-start
       • activate LVs in shared VGs

       The shut down sequence is the reverse:

       • deactivate LVs in shared VGs
       • vgchange --lock-stop
       • stop lock manager
       • stop lvmlockd

TOPICS         top

   Protecting VGs on shared devices
       The following terms are used to describe the different ways of
       accessing VGs on shared devices.

       shared VG

       A shared VG exists on shared storage that is visible to multiple
       hosts.  LVM acquires locks through lvmlockd to coordinate access
       to shared VGs.  A shared VG has lock_type "dlm" or "sanlock",
       which specifies the lock manager lvmlockd will use.

       When the lock manager for the lock type is not available (e.g.
       not started or failed), lvmlockd is unable to acquire locks for
       LVM commands.  In this situation, LVM commands are only allowed
       to read and display the VG; changes and activation will fail.

       local VG

       A local VG is meant to be used by a single host.  It has no lock
       type or lock type "none".  A local VG typically exists on local
       (non-shared) devices and cannot be used concurrently from
       different hosts.

       If a local VG does exist on shared devices, it should be owned by
       a single host by having the system ID set, see lvmsystemid(7).
       The host with a matching system ID can use the local VG and other
       hosts will ignore it.  A VG with no lock type and no system ID
       should be excluded from all but one host using lvm.conf filters.
       Without any of these protections, a local VG on shared devices
       can be easily damaged or destroyed.

       clvm VG

       A clvm VG (or clustered VG) is a VG on shared storage (like a
       shared VG) that requires clvmd for clustering and locking.  See
       below for converting a clvm/clustered VG to a shared VG.

   shared VGs from hosts not using lvmlockd
       Hosts that do not use shared VGs will not be running lvmlockd.
       In this case, shared VGs that are still visible to the host will
       be ignored (like foreign VGs, see lvmsystemid(7).)

       The --shared option for reporting and display commands causes
       shared VGs to be displayed on a host not using lvmlockd, like the
       --foreign option does for foreign VGs.

   creating the first sanlock VG
       When use_lvmlockd is first enabled in lvm.conf, and before the
       first sanlock VG is created, no global lock will exist.  In this
       initial state, LVM commands try and fail to acquire the global
       lock, producing a warning, and some commands are disallowed.
       Once the first sanlock VG is created, the global lock will be
       available, and LVM will be fully operational.

       When a new sanlock VG is created, its lockspace is automatically
       started on the host that creates it.  Other hosts need to run
       'vgchange --lock-start' to start the new VG before they can use
       it.

       Creating the first sanlock VG is not protected by locking, so it
       requires special attention.  This is because sanlock locks exist
       on storage within the VG, so they are not available until after
       the VG is created.  The first sanlock VG that is created will
       automatically contain the "global lock".  Be aware of the
       following special considerations:

       • The first vgcreate command needs to be given the path to a
         device that has not yet been initialized with pvcreate.  The
         pvcreate initialization will be done by vgcreate.  This is
         because the pvcreate command requires the global lock, which
         will not be available until after the first sanlock VG is
         created.

       • Because the first sanlock VG will contain the global lock, this
         VG needs to be accessible to all hosts that will use sanlock
         shared VGs.  All hosts will need to use the global lock from
         the first sanlock VG.

       • The device and VG name used by the initial vgcreate will not be
         protected from concurrent use by another vgcreate on another
         host.

         See below for more information about managing the sanlock
         global lock.

   using shared VGs
       In the 'vgs' command, shared VGs are indicated by "s" (for
       shared) in the sixth attr field, and by "shared" in the
       "--options shared" report field.  The specific lock type and lock
       args for a shared VG can be displayed with 'vgs
       -o+locktype,lockargs'.

       Shared VGs need to be "started" and "stopped", unlike other types
       of VGs.  See the following section for a full description of
       starting and stopping.

       Removing a shared VG will fail if other hosts have the VG
       started.  Run vgchange --lock-stop <vgname> on all other hosts
       before vgremove.  (It may take several seconds before vgremove
       recognizes that all hosts have stopped a sanlock VG.)

   starting and stopping VGs
       Starting a shared VG (vgchange --lock-start) causes the lock
       manager to start (join) the lockspace for the VG on the host
       where it is run.  This makes locks for the VG available to LVM
       commands on the host.  Before a VG is started, only LVM commands
       that read/display the VG are allowed to continue without locks
       (and with a warning).

       Stopping a shared VG (vgchange --lock-stop) causes the lock
       manager to stop (leave) the lockspace for the VG on the host
       where it is run.  This makes locks for the VG inaccessible to the
       host.  A VG cannot be stopped while it has active LVs.

       When using the lock type sanlock, starting a VG can take a long
       time (potentially minutes if the host was previously shut down
       without cleanly stopping the VG.)

       A shared VG can be started after all the following are true:
       • lvmlockd is running
       • the lock manager is running
       • the VG's devices are visible on the system

       A shared VG can be stopped if all LVs are deactivated.

       All shared VGs can be started/stopped using:
       vgchange --lock-start
       vgchange --lock-stop

       Individual VGs can be started/stopped using:
       vgchange --lock-start <vgname> ...
       vgchange --lock-stop <vgname> ...

       To make vgchange not wait for start to complete:
       vgchange --lock-start --lock-opt nowait ...

       lvmlockd can be asked directly to stop all lockspaces:
       lvmlockctl -S--stop-lockspaces

       To start only selected shared VGs, use the lvm.conf
       activation/lock_start_list.  When defined, only VG names in this
       list are started by vgchange.  If the list is not defined (the
       default), all visible shared VGs are started.  To start only
       "vg1", use the following lvm.conf configuration:

       activation {
           lock_start_list = [ "vg1" ]
           ...
       }

   internal command locking
       To optimize the use of LVM with lvmlockd, be aware of the three
       kinds of locks and when they are used:

       Global lock

       The global lock is associated with global information, which is
       information not isolated to a single VG.  This includes:

       • The global VG namespace.
       • The set of orphan PVs and unused devices.
       • The properties of orphan PVs, e.g. PV size.

       The global lock is acquired in shared mode by commands that read
       this information, or in exclusive mode by commands that change
       it.  For example, the command 'vgs' acquires the global lock in
       shared mode because it reports the list of all VG names, and the
       vgcreate command acquires the global lock in exclusive mode
       because it creates a new VG name, and it takes a PV from the list
       of unused PVs.

       When an LVM command is given a tag argument, or uses select, it
       must read all VGs to match the tag or selection, which causes the
       global lock to be acquired.

       VG lock

       A VG lock is associated with each shared VG.  The VG lock is
       acquired in shared mode to read the VG and in exclusive mode to
       change the VG or activate LVs.  This lock serializes access to a
       VG with all other LVM commands accessing the VG from all hosts.

       The command 'vgs <vgname>' does not acquire the global lock (it
       does not need the list of all VG names), but will acquire the VG
       lock on each VG name argument.

       LV lock

       An LV lock is acquired before the LV is activated, and is
       released after the LV is deactivated.  If the LV lock cannot be
       acquired, the LV is not activated.  (LV locks are persistent and
       remain in place when the activation command is done.  Global and
       VG locks are transient, and are held only while an LVM command is
       running.)

       lock retries

       If a request for a global or VG lock fails due to a lock conflict
       with another host, lvmlockd automatically retries for a short
       time before returning a failure to the LVM command.  If those
       retries are insufficient, the LVM command will retry the entire
       lock request a number of times specified by
       global/lvmlockd_lock_retries before failing.  If a request for an
       LV lock fails due to a lock conflict, the command fails
       immediately.

   managing the global lock in sanlock VGs
       The global lock exists in one of the sanlock VGs.  The first
       sanlock VG created will contain the global lock.  Subsequent
       sanlock VGs will each contain a disabled global lock that can be
       enabled later if necessary.

       The VG containing the global lock must be visible to all hosts
       using sanlock VGs.  For this reason, it can be useful to create a
       small sanlock VG, visible to all hosts, and dedicated to just
       holding the global lock.  While not required, this strategy can
       help to avoid difficulty in the future if VGs are moved or
       removed.

       The vgcreate command typically acquires the global lock, but in
       the case of the first sanlock VG, there will be no global lock to
       acquire until the first vgcreate is complete.  So, creating the
       first sanlock VG is a special case that skips the global lock.

       vgcreate determines that it's creating the first sanlock VG when
       no other sanlock VGs are visible on the system.  It is possible
       that other sanlock VGs do exist, but are not visible when
       vgcreate checks for them.  In this case, vgcreate will create a
       new sanlock VG with the global lock enabled.  When the another VG
       containing a global lock appears, lvmlockd will then see more
       than one VG with a global lock enabled.  LVM commands will report
       that there are duplicate global locks.

       If the situation arises where more than one sanlock VG contains a
       global lock, the global lock should be manually disabled in all
       but one of them with the command:

       lvmlockctl --gl-disable <vgname>

       (The one VG with the global lock enabled must be visible to all
       hosts.)

       An opposite problem can occur if the VG holding the global lock
       is removed.  In this case, no global lock will exist following
       the vgremove, and subsequent LVM commands will fail to acquire
       it.  In this case, the global lock needs to be manually enabled
       in one of the remaining sanlock VGs with the command:

       lvmlockctl --gl-enable <vgname>

       (Using a small sanlock VG dedicated to holding the global lock
       can avoid the case where the global lock must be manually enabled
       after a vgremove.)

   internal lvmlock LV
       A sanlock VG contains a hidden LV called "lvmlock" that holds the
       sanlock locks.  vgreduce cannot yet remove the PV holding the
       lvmlock LV.  To remove this PV, change the VG lock type to
       "none", run vgreduce, then change the VG lock type back to
       "sanlock".  Similarly, pvmove cannot be used on a PV used by the
       lvmlock LV.

       To place the lvmlock LV on a specific device, create the VG with
       only that device, then use vgextend to add other devices.

   LV activation
       In a shared VG, LV activation involves locking through lvmlockd,
       and the following values are possible with lvchange/vgchange -a:

       y|ey   The command activates the LV in exclusive mode, allowing a
              single host to activate the LV.  Before activating the LV,
              the command uses lvmlockd to acquire an exclusive lock on
              the LV.  If the lock cannot be acquired, the LV is not
              activated and an error is reported.  This would happen if
              the LV is active on another host.

       sy     The command activates the LV in shared mode, allowing
              multiple hosts to activate the LV concurrently.  Before
              activating the LV, the command uses lvmlockd to acquire a
              shared lock on the LV.  If the lock cannot be acquired,
              the LV is not activated and an error is reported.  This
              would happen if the LV is active exclusively on another
              host.  If the LV type prohibits shared access, such as a
              snapshot, the command will report an error and fail.  The
              shared mode is intended for a multi-host/cluster
              application or file system.  LV types that cannot be used
              concurrently from multiple hosts include thin, cache,
              raid, mirror, and snapshot.

       n      The command deactivates the LV.  After deactivating the
              LV, the command uses lvmlockd to release the current lock
              on the LV.

   manually repairing a shared VG
       Some failure conditions may not be repairable while the VG has a
       shared lock type.  In these cases, it may be possible to repair
       the VG by forcibly changing the lock type to "none".  This is
       done by adding "--lock-opt force" to the normal command for
       changing the lock type: vgchange --lock-type none VG.  The VG
       lockspace should first be stopped on all hosts, and be certain
       that no hosts are using the VG before this is done.

   recover from lost PV holding sanlock locks
       In a sanlock VG, the sanlock locks are held on the hidden
       "lvmlock" LV.  If the PV holding this LV is lost, a new lvmlock
       LV needs to be created.  To do this, ensure no hosts are using
       the VG, then forcibly change the lock type to "none" (see above).
       Then change the lock type back to "sanlock" with the normal
       command for changing the lock type:  vgchange --lock-type sanlock
       VG.  This recreates the internal lvmlock LV with the necessary
       locks.

   locking system failures
       lvmlockd failure

       If lvmlockd fails or is killed while holding locks, the locks are
       orphaned in the lock manager.  Orphaned locks must be cleared or
       adopted before the associated resources can be accessed normally.
       If lock adoption is enabled, lvmlockd keeps a record of locks in
       the adopt-file.  A subsequent instance of lvmlockd will then
       adopt locks orphaned by the previous instance.  Adoption must be
       enabled in both instances (--adopt|-A 1).  Without adoption, the
       lock manager or host would require a reset to clear orphaned lock
       state.

       dlm/corosync failure

       If dlm or corosync fail, the clustering system will fence the
       host using a method configured within the dlm/corosync clustering
       environment.

       LVM commands on other hosts will be blocked from acquiring any
       locks until the dlm/corosync recovery process is complete.

       sanlock lease storage failure

       If the PV under a sanlock VG's lvmlock LV is disconnected,
       unresponsive or too slow, sanlock cannot renew the lease for the
       VG's locks.  After some time, the lease will expire, and locks
       that the host owns in the VG can be acquired by other hosts.  The
       VG must be forcibly deactivated on the host with the expiring
       lease before other hosts can acquire its locks.

       When the sanlock daemon detects that the lease storage is lost,
       it runs the command lvmlockctl --kill <vgname>.  This command
       emits a syslog message stating that lease storage is lost for the
       VG, and LVs must be immediately deactivated.

       If no LVs are active in the VG, then the lockspace with an
       expiring lease will be removed, and errors will be reported when
       trying to use the VG.  Use the lvmlockctl --drop command to clear
       the stale lockspace from lvmlockd.

       If the VG has active LVs when the lock storage is lost, the LVs
       must be quickly deactivated before the lockspace lease expires.
       After all LVs are deactivated, run lvmlockctl --drop <vgname> to
       clear the expiring lockspace from lvmlockd.  If all LVs in the VG
       are not deactivated within about 40 seconds, sanlock uses wdmd
       and the local watchdog to reset the host.  The machine reset is
       effectively a severe form of "deactivating" LVs before they can
       be activated on other hosts.  The reset is considered a better
       alternative than having LVs used by multiple hosts at once, which
       could easily damage or destroy their content.

       In the future, the lvmlockctl kill command may automatically
       attempt to forcibly deactivate LVs before the sanlock lease
       expires.  Until then, the user must notice the syslog message and
       manually deactivate the VG before sanlock resets the machine.

       sanlock daemon failure

       If the sanlock daemon fails or exits while a lockspace is
       started, the local watchdog will reset the host.  This is
       necessary to protect any application resources that depend on
       sanlock leases.

   changing dlm cluster name
       When a dlm VG is created, the cluster name is saved in the VG
       metadata.  To use the VG, a host must be in the named dlm
       cluster.  If the dlm cluster name changes, or the VG is moved to
       a new cluster, the dlm cluster name saved in the VG must also be
       changed.

       To see the dlm cluster name saved in the VG, use the command:
       vgs -o+locktype,lockargs <vgname>

       To change the dlm cluster name in the VG when the VG is still
       used by the original cluster:

       • Start the VG on the host changing the lock type
         vgchange --lock-start <vgname>

       • Stop the VG on all other hosts:
         vgchange --lock-stop <vgname>

       • Change the VG lock type to none on the host where the VG is
         started:
         vgchange --lock-type none <vgname>

       • Change the dlm cluster name on the hosts or move the VG to the
         new cluster.  The new dlm cluster must now be running on the
         host.  Verify the new name by:
         cat /sys/kernel/config/dlm/cluster/cluster_name

       • Change the VG lock type back to dlm which sets the new cluster
         name:
         vgchange --lock-type dlm <vgname>

       • Start the VG on hosts to use it:
         vgchange --lock-start <vgname>

       To change the dlm cluster name in the VG when the dlm cluster
       name has already been changed on the hosts, or the VG has already
       moved to a different cluster:

       • Ensure the VG is not being used by any hosts.

       • The new dlm cluster must be running on the host making the
         change.  The current dlm cluster name can be seen by:
         cat /sys/kernel/config/dlm/cluster/cluster_name

       • Change the VG lock type to none:
         vgchange --lock-type none --lock-opt force <vgname>

       • Change the VG lock type back to dlm which sets the new cluster
         name:
         vgchange --lock-type dlm <vgname>

       • Start the VG on hosts to use it:
         vgchange --lock-start <vgname>

   changing a local VG to a shared VG
       All LVs must be inactive to change the lock type.

       lvmlockd must be configured and running as described in USAGE.

       • Change a local VG to a shared VG with the command:
         vgchange --lock-type sanlock|dlm <vgname>

       • Start the VG on hosts to use it:
         vgchange --lock-start <vgname>

   changing a shared VG to a local VG
       All LVs must be inactive to change the lock type.

       • Start the VG on the host making the change:
         vgchange --lock-start <vgname>

       • Stop the VG on all other hosts:
         vgchange --lock-stop <vgname>

       • Change the VG lock type to none on the host where the VG is
         started:
         vgchange --lock-type none <vgname>

       If the VG cannot be started with the previous lock type, then the
       lock type can be forcibly changed to none with:

       vgchange --lock-type none --lock-opt force <vgname>

       To change a VG from one lock type to another (i.e. between
       sanlock and dlm), first change it to a local VG, then to the new
       type.

   changing a clvm/clustered VG to a shared VG
       All LVs must be inactive to change the lock type.

       First change the clvm/clustered VG to a local VG.  Within a
       running clvm cluster, change a clustered VG to a local VG with
       the command:

       vgchange -cn <vgname>

       If the clvm cluster is no longer running on any nodes, then extra
       options can be used to forcibly make the VG local.  Caution: this
       is only safe if all nodes have stopped using the VG:

       vgchange --lock-type none --lock-opt force <vgname>

       After the VG is local, follow the steps described in "changing a
       local VG to a shared VG".

   extending an LV active on multiple hosts
       With lvmlockd and dlm, a special clustering procedure is used to
       refresh a shared LV on remote cluster nodes after it has been
       extended on one node.

       When an LV holding gfs2 or ocfs2 is active on multiple hosts with
       a shared lock, lvextend is permitted to run with an existing
       shared LV lock in place of the normal exclusive LV lock.

       After lvextend has finished extending the LV, it sends a remote
       request to other nodes running the dlm to run 'lvchange
       --refresh' on the LV.  This uses dlm_controld and corosync
       features.

       Some special --lockopt values can be used to modify this process.
       "shupdate" permits the lvextend update with an existing shared
       lock if it isn't otherwise permitted.  "norefresh" prevents the
       remote refresh operation.

   limitations of shared VGs
       Things that do not yet work in shared VGs:
       • using external origins for thin LVs
       • splitting snapshots from LVs
       • splitting mirrors in sanlock VGs
       • pvmove of entire PVs, or under LVs activated with shared locks
       • vgsplit and vgmerge (convert to a local VG to do this)

   lvmlockd changes from clvmd
       (See above for converting an existing clvm VG to a shared VG.)

       While lvmlockd and clvmd are entirely different systems, LVM
       command usage remains similar.  Differences are more notable when
       using lvmlockd's sanlock option.

       Visible usage differences between shared VGs (using lvmlockd) and
       clvm/clustered VGs (using clvmd):

       • lvm.conf is configured to use lvmlockd by setting
         use_lvmlockd=1.  clvmd used locking_type=3.

       • vgcreate --shared creates a shared VG.  vgcreate --clustered y
         created a clvm/clustered VG.

       • lvmlockd adds the option of using sanlock for locking, avoiding
         the need for network clustering.

       • lvmlockd defaults to the exclusive activation mode whenever the
         activation mode is unspecified, i.e. -ay means -aey, not -asy.

       • lvmlockd commands always apply to the local host, and never
         have an effect on a remote host.  (The activation option 'l' is
         not used.)

       • lvmlockd saves the cluster name for a shared VG using dlm.
         Only hosts in the matching cluster can use the VG.

       • lvmlockd requires starting/stopping shared VGs with vgchange
         --lock-start and --lock-stop.

       • vgremove of a sanlock VG may fail indicating that all hosts
         have not stopped the VG lockspace.  Stop the VG on all hosts
         using vgchange --lock-stop.

       • vgreduce or pvmove of a PV in a sanlock VG will fail if it
         holds the internal "lvmlock" LV that holds the sanlock locks.

       • lvmlockd uses lock retries instead of lock queueing, so high
         lock contention may require increasing
         global/lvmlockd_lock_retries to avoid transient lock failures.

       • lvmlockd includes VG reporting options lock_type and lock_args,
         and LV reporting option lock_args to view the corresponding
         metadata fields.

       • In the 'vgs' command's sixth VG attr field, "s" for "shared" is
         displayed for shared VGs.

       • If lvmlockd fails or is killed while in use, locks it held
         remain but are orphaned in the lock manager.  lvmlockd can be
         restarted with an option to adopt the orphan locks from the
         previous instance of lvmlockd.

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the lvm2 (Logical Volume Manager 2) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨http://www.sourceware.org/lvm2/⟩.  If you have a bug report for
       this manual page, see ⟨https://github.com/lvmteam/lvm2/issues⟩.
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       man-pages@man7.org

Red Hat, Inc        LVM TOOLS 2.03.11(2) (2021-01-08)        LVMLOCKD(8)

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