lsns(8) — Linux manual page


LSNS(8)                   System Administration                  LSNS(8)

NAME         top

       lsns - list namespaces

SYNOPSIS         top

       lsns [options] namespace

DESCRIPTION         top

       lsns lists information about all the currently accessible
       namespaces or about the given namespace. The namespace identifier
       is an inode number.

       The default output is subject to change. So whenever possible,
       you should avoid using default outputs in your scripts. Always
       explicitly define expected output mode (--tree or --list) and
       columns by using the --output option together with a columns list
       in environments where a stable output is required.

       The NSFS column, printed when net is specified for the --type
       option, is special; it uses multi-line cells. Use the option
       --nowrap to switch to ","-separated single-line representation.

       Note that lsns reads information directly from the /proc
       filesystem and for non-root users it may return incomplete
       information. The current /proc filesystem may be unshared and
       affected by a PID namespace (see unshare --mount-proc for more
       details). lsns is not able to see persistent namespaces without
       processes where the namespace instance is held by a bind mount to

OPTIONS         top

       -J, --json
           Use JSON output format.

       -l, --list
           Use list output format.

       -n, --noheadings
           Do not print a header line.

       -o, --output list
           Specify which output columns to print. Use --help to get a
           list of all supported columns.

           The default list of columns may be extended if list is
           specified in the format +list (e.g., lsns -o +PATH).

           Output all available columns.

       -P, --persistent
           Display only the namespaces without processes (aka persistent
           namespaces), created by bind mounting /proc/pid/ns/type files
           to a filesystem path.

       -p, --task PID
           Display only the namespaces held by the process with this

       -r, --raw
           Use the raw output format.

       -t, --type type
           Display the specified type of namespaces only. The supported
           types are mnt, net, ipc, user, pid, uts, cgroup and time.
           This option may be given more than once.

       -u, --notruncate
           Do not truncate text in columns.

       -W, --nowrap
           Do not use multi-line text in columns.

       -T, --tree rel
           Use tree-like output format. If process is given as rel,
           print process tree(s) in each name space. This is default
           when --tree is not specified. If parent is given, print
           tree(s) constructed by the parent/child relationship. If
           owner is given, print tree(s) constructed by the owner/owned
           relationship. owner is used as default when rel is omitted.

       -h, --help
           Display help text and exit.

       -V, --version
           Print version and exit.

EXIT STATUS         top

       The lsns utility exits with one of the following values:


           General error.

           An ioctl was unknown to the kernel.

AUTHORS         top

       Karel Zak <>

SEE ALSO         top

       nsenter(1), unshare(1), clone(2), namespaces(7), ioctl_ns(2),

REPORTING BUGS         top

       For bug reports, use the issue tracker at

AVAILABILITY         top

       The lsns command is part of the util-linux package which can be
       downloaded from Linux Kernel Archive
       <>. This page
       is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
       utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩. If you have
       a bug report for this manual page, send it to This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on
       2023-12-22. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2023-12-14.) If you discover
       any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
       believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page,
       or you have corrections or improvements to the information in
       this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page),
       send a mail to

util-linux 2.39.594-1e0ad      2023-07-19                        LSNS(8)

Pages that refer to this page: namespaces(7)