remove(3) — Linux manual page


REMOVE(3)                 Linux Programmer's Manual                REMOVE(3)

NAME         top

       remove - remove a file or directory

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <stdio.h>

       int remove(const char *pathname);

DESCRIPTION         top

       remove() deletes a name from the filesystem.  It calls unlink(2) for
       files, and rmdir(2) for directories.

       If the removed name was the last link to a file and no processes have
       the file open, the file is deleted and the space it was using is made
       available for reuse.

       If the name was the last link to a file, but any processes still have
       the file open, the file will remain in existence until the last file
       descriptor referring to it is closed.

       If the name referred to a symbolic link, the link is removed.

       If the name referred to a socket, FIFO, or device, the name is
       removed, but processes which have the object open may continue to use

RETURN VALUE         top

       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS         top

       The errors that occur are those for unlink(2) and rmdir(2).

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see

       │Interface Attribute     Value   │
       │remove()  │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │

CONFORMING TO         top

       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99, 4.3BSD.

BUGS         top

       Infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS can cause the unexpected
       disappearance of files which are still being used.

SEE ALSO         top

       rm(1), unlink(1), link(2), mknod(2), open(2), rename(2), rmdir(2),
       unlink(2), mkfifo(3), symlink(7)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 5.08 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

GNU                              2017-09-15                        REMOVE(3)

Pages that refer to this page: unlink(2)unlinkat(2)stdio(3)symlink(7)