rm(1) — Linux manual page


RM(1)                           User Commands                          RM(1)

NAME         top

       rm - remove files or directories

SYNOPSIS         top

       rm [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION         top

       This manual page documents the GNU version of rm.  rm removes each
       specified file.  By default, it does not remove directories.

       If the -I or --interactive=once option is given, and there are more
       than three files or the -r, -R, or --recursive are given, then rm
       prompts the user for whether to proceed with the entire operation.
       If the response is not affirmative, the entire command is aborted.

       Otherwise, if a file is unwritable, standard input is a terminal, and
       the -f or --force option is not given, or the -i or
       --interactive=always option is given, rm prompts the user for whether
       to remove the file.  If the response is not affirmative, the file is

OPTIONS         top

       Remove (unlink) the FILE(s).

       -f, --force
              ignore nonexistent files and arguments, never prompt

       -i     prompt before every removal

       -I     prompt once before removing more than three files, or when
              removing recursively; less intrusive than -i, while still
              giving protection against most mistakes

              prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or always (-i);
              without WHEN, prompt always

              when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any directory that
              is on a file system different from that of the corresponding
              command line argument

              do not treat '/' specially

              do not remove '/' (default); with 'all', reject any command
              line argument on a separate device from its parent

       -r, -R, --recursive
              remove directories and their contents recursively

       -d, --dir
              remove empty directories

       -v, --verbose
              explain what is being done

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       By default, rm does not remove directories.  Use the --recursive (-r
       or -R) option to remove each listed directory, too, along with all of
       its contents.

       To remove a file whose name starts with a '-', for example '-foo',
       use one of these commands:

              rm -- -foo

              rm ./-foo

       Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it might be possible to
       recover some of its contents, given sufficient expertise and/or time.
       For greater assurance that the contents are truly unrecoverable,
       consider using shred.

AUTHOR         top

       Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Richard M. Stallman, and Jim

REPORTING BUGS         top

       GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
       Report any translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO         top

       unlink(1), unlink(2), chattr(1), shred(1)

       Full documentation <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/rm>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) rm invocation'

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the coreutils (basic file, shell and text
       manipulation utilities) project.  Information about the project can
       be found at ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/⟩.  If you have a
       bug report for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/⟩.  This page was obtained
       from the tarball coreutils-8.32.tar.xz fetched from
       ⟨http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/coreutils/⟩ on 2020-08-13.  If you discover
       any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
       believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
       you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
       COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
       to man-pages@man7.org

GNU coreutils 8.32               March 2020                            RM(1)

Pages that refer to this page: rmdir(2)unlink(2)unlinkat(2)remove(3)mq_overview(7)symlink(7)debugfs(8)lsof(8)