fgetc(3) — Linux manual page


fgetc(3)                Library Functions Manual                fgetc(3)

NAME         top

       fgetc, fgets, getc, getchar, ungetc - input of characters and

LIBRARY         top

       Standard C library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <stdio.h>

       int fgetc(FILE *stream);
       int getc(FILE *stream);
       int getchar(void);

       char *fgets(char s[restrict .size], int size, FILE *restrict stream);

       int ungetc(int c, FILE *stream);

DESCRIPTION         top

       fgetc() reads the next character from stream and returns it as an
       unsigned char cast to an int, or EOF on end of file or error.

       getc() is equivalent to fgetc() except that it may be implemented
       as a macro which evaluates stream more than once.

       getchar() is equivalent to getc(stdin).

       fgets() reads in at most one less than size characters from
       stream and stores them into the buffer pointed to by s.  Reading
       stops after an EOF or a newline.  If a newline is read, it is
       stored into the buffer.  A terminating null byte ('\0') is stored
       after the last character in the buffer.

       ungetc() pushes c back to stream, cast to unsigned char, where it
       is available for subsequent read operations.  Pushed-back
       characters will be returned in reverse order; only one pushback
       is guaranteed.

       Calls to the functions described here can be mixed with each
       other and with calls to other input functions from the stdio
       library for the same input stream.

       For nonlocking counterparts, see unlocked_stdio(3).

RETURN VALUE         top

       fgetc(), getc(), and getchar() return the character read as an
       unsigned char cast to an int or EOF on end of file or error.

       fgets() returns s on success, and NULL on error or when end of
       file occurs while no characters have been read.

       ungetc() returns c on success, or EOF on error.

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       │ Interface                           Attribute     Value   │
       │ fgetc(), fgets(), getc(),           │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       │ getchar(), ungetc()                 │               │         │

STANDARDS         top

       C11, POSIX.1-2008.

HISTORY         top

       POSIX.1-2001, C89.

NOTES         top

       It is not advisable to mix calls to input functions from the
       stdio library with low-level calls to read(2) for the file
       descriptor associated with the input stream; the results will be
       undefined and very probably not what you want.

SEE ALSO         top

       read(2), write(2), ferror(3), fgetwc(3), fgetws(3), fopen(3),
       fread(3), fseek(3), getline(3), gets(3), getwchar(3), puts(3),
       scanf(3), ungetwc(3), unlocked_stdio(3), feature_test_macros(7)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the man-pages (Linux kernel and C library
       user-space interface documentation) project.  Information about
       the project can be found at 
       ⟨https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/⟩.  If you have a bug report
       for this manual page, see
       This page was obtained from the tarball man-pages-6.9.1.tar.gz
       fetched from
       ⟨https://mirrors.edge.kernel.org/pub/linux/docs/man-pages/⟩ on
       2024-06-26.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML
       version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-
       to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
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       part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Linux man-pages 6.9.1          2024-06-15                       fgetc(3)

Pages that refer to this page: EOF(3const)ferror(3)fgetwc(3)fgetws(3)flockfile(3)fpurge(3)fseek(3)getline(3)gets(3)getw(3)getwchar(3)puts(3)rpmatch(3)scanf(3)sscanf(3)stdio(3)ungetwc(3)