git-revert(1) — Linux manual page


GIT-REVERT(1)                  Git Manual                  GIT-REVERT(1)

NAME         top

       git-revert - Revert some existing commits

SYNOPSIS         top

       git revert [--[no-]edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-S[<keyid>]] <commit>...
       git revert (--continue | --skip | --abort | --quit)

DESCRIPTION         top

       Given one or more existing commits, revert the changes that the
       related patches introduce, and record some new commits that
       record them. This requires your working tree to be clean (no
       modifications from the HEAD commit).

       Note: git revert is used to record some new commits to reverse
       the effect of some earlier commits (often only a faulty one). If
       you want to throw away all uncommitted changes in your working
       directory, you should see git-reset(1), particularly the --hard
       option. If you want to extract specific files as they were in
       another commit, you should see git-restore(1), specifically the
       --source option. Take care with these alternatives as both will
       discard uncommitted changes in your working directory.

       See "Reset, restore and revert" in git(1) for the differences
       between the three commands.

OPTIONS         top

           Commits to revert. For a more complete list of ways to spell
           commit names, see gitrevisions(7). Sets of commits can also
           be given but no traversal is done by default, see
           git-rev-list(1) and its --no-walk option.

       -e, --edit
           With this option, git revert will let you edit the commit
           message prior to committing the revert. This is the default
           if you run the command from a terminal.

       -m parent-number, --mainline parent-number
           Usually you cannot revert a merge because you do not know
           which side of the merge should be considered the mainline.
           This option specifies the parent number (starting from 1) of
           the mainline and allows revert to reverse the change relative
           to the specified parent.

           Reverting a merge commit declares that you will never want
           the tree changes brought in by the merge. As a result, later
           merges will only bring in tree changes introduced by commits
           that are not ancestors of the previously reverted merge. This
           may or may not be what you want.

           See the revert-a-faulty-merge How-To[1] for more details.

           With this option, git revert will not start the commit
           message editor.

           This option determines how the commit message will be cleaned
           up before being passed on to the commit machinery. See
           git-commit(1) for more details. In particular, if the <mode>
           is given a value of scissors, scissors will be appended to
           MERGE_MSG before being passed on in the case of a conflict.

       -n, --no-commit
           Usually the command automatically creates some commits with
           commit log messages stating which commits were reverted. This
           flag applies the changes necessary to revert the named
           commits to your working tree and the index, but does not make
           the commits. In addition, when this option is used, your
           index does not have to match the HEAD commit. The revert is
           done against the beginning state of your index.

           This is useful when reverting more than one commits' effect
           to your index in a row.

       -S[<keyid>], --gpg-sign[=<keyid>], --no-gpg-sign
           GPG-sign commits. The keyid argument is optional and defaults
           to the committer identity; if specified, it must be stuck to
           the option without a space.  --no-gpg-sign is useful to
           countermand both commit.gpgSign configuration variable, and
           earlier --gpg-sign.

       -s, --signoff
           Add a Signed-off-by trailer at the end of the commit message.
           See the signoff option in git-commit(1) for more information.

           Use the given merge strategy. Should only be used once. See
           the MERGE STRATEGIES section in git-merge(1) for details.

       -X<option>, --strategy-option=<option>
           Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the merge
           strategy. See git-merge(1) for details.

       --rerere-autoupdate, --no-rerere-autoupdate
           Allow the rerere mechanism to update the index with the
           result of auto-conflict resolution if possible.


           Continue the operation in progress using the information in
           .git/sequencer. Can be used to continue after resolving
           conflicts in a failed cherry-pick or revert.

           Skip the current commit and continue with the rest of the

           Forget about the current operation in progress. Can be used
           to clear the sequencer state after a failed cherry-pick or

           Cancel the operation and return to the pre-sequence state.

EXAMPLES         top

       git revert HEAD~3
           Revert the changes specified by the fourth last commit in
           HEAD and create a new commit with the reverted changes.

       git revert -n master~5..master~2
           Revert the changes done by commits from the fifth last commit
           in master (included) to the third last commit in master
           (included), but do not create any commit with the reverted
           changes. The revert only modifies the working tree and the

SEE ALSO         top


GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

NOTES         top

        1. revert-a-faulty-merge How-To

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control
       system) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual
       page, see ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2021-08-27.  (At that time,
       the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2021-08-24.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Git         08/27/2021                  GIT-REVERT(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-cherry-pick(1)giteveryday(7)