dnf.modularity(7) — Linux manual page


DNF.MODULARITY(7)                  DNF                 DNF.MODULARITY(7)

NAME         top

       dnf.modularity - Modularity in DNF

       Modularity is new way of building, organizing and delivering
       packages.  For more details see:

DEFINITIONS         top

              Every repository can contain modules metadata with
              modulemd documents.  These documents hold metadata about
              modules such as Name, Stream or list of packages.

       (non-modular) package
              Package that doesn’t belong to a module.

       modular package
              Package that belongs to a module. It is listed in modulemd
              under the artifacts section.  Modular packages can be also
              identified by having %{modularitylabel} RPM header set.

       (module) stream
              Stream is a collection of packages, a virtual repository.
              It is identified with Name and Stream from modulemd
              separated with colon, for example “postgresql:9.6”.

              Module streams can be active or inactive. active means the
              RPM packages from this stream are included in the set of
              available packages.  Packages from inactive streams are
              filtered out.  Streams are active either if marked as
              default or if they are explicitly enabled by a user
              action. Streams that satisfy dependencies of default or
              enabled streams are also considered active.  Only one
              stream of a particular module can be active at a given
              point in time.


       Without modules, packages with the highest version are used by

       Module streams can distribute packages with lower versions than
       available in the repositories available to the operating system.
       To make such packages available for installs and upgrades, the
       non-modular packages are filtered out when their name or provide
       matches against a modular package name from any enabled, default,
       or dependent stream. Modular source packages will not cause
       non-modular binary packages to be filtered out.


       In special cases, a user wants to cherry-pick individual packages
       provided outside module streams and make them available on along
       with packages from the active streams.  Under normal
       circumstances, such packages are filtered out or rejected from
       getting on the system by Fail-safe mechanisms.  To make the
       system use packages from a repository regardless of their
       modularity, specify module_hotfixes=true in the .repo file. This
       protects the repository from package filtering.

       Please note the hotfix packages do not override module packages,
       they only become part of available package set. It’s the package
       Epoch, Version and Release what determines if the package is the


   Repositories with module metadata are unavailable
       When a repository with module metadata is unavailable, package
       filtering must keep working.  Non-modular RPMs must remain
       unavailable and must never get on the system.

       This happens when:

       • user disables a repository via --disablerepo or uses --repoid

       • user removes a .repo file from disk

       • repository is not available and has skip_if_unavailable=true

       DNF keeps copies of the latest modulemd for every active stream
       and uses them if there’s no modulemd available for the stream.
       This keeps package filtering working correctly.

       The copies are made any time a transaction is resolved and
       started.  That includes RPM transactions as well as any dnf
       module <enable|disable|reset> operations.

       When the fail-safe data is used, dnf show such modules as part of
       @modulefailsafe repository.

   Orphaned modular packages
       All packages that are built as a part of a module have
       %{modularitylabel} RPM header set.  If such package becomes part
       of RPM transaction and cannot be associated with any available
       modulemd, DNF prevents from getting it on the system (package is
       available, but cannot be installed, upgraded, etc.). Packages
       from Hotfix repositories or Commandline repository are not
       affected by Fail-safe mechanisms.

AUTHOR         top

       See AUTHORS in DNF source distribution.

COPYRIGHT         top

       2012-2020, Red Hat, Licensed under GPLv2+

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the dnf (DNF Package Manager) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨https://github.com/rpm-software-management/dnf⟩.  It is not known
       how to report bugs for this man page; if you know, please send a
       mail to man-pages@man7.org.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/rpm-software-management/dnf.git⟩ on
       2021-08-27.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2021-08-19.)  If you
       discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page,
       or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
       the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

4.8.0                         Aug 27, 2021             DNF.MODULARITY(7)

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