PROLOG  NAME  SYNOPSIS  DESCRIPTION  RETURN VALUE  ERRORS  EXAMPLES  APPLICATION USAGE  RATIONALE  FUTURE DIRECTIONS  SEE ALSO  COPYRIGHT 


HYPOT(3P) POSIX Programmer's Manual HYPOT(3P)
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
hypot, hypotf, hypotl — Euclidean distance function
#include <math.h> double hypot(double x, double y); float hypotf(float x, float y); long double hypotl(long double x, long double y);
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2017 defers to the ISO C standard. These functions shall compute the value of the square root of x2+y2 without undue overflow or underflow. An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is nonzero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID  FE_DIVBYZERO  FE_OVERFLOW  FE_UNDERFLOW) is nonzero, an error has occurred.
Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the length of the hypotenuse of a rightangled triangle with sides of length x and y. If the correct value would cause overflow, a range error shall occur and hypot(), hypotf(), and hypotl() shall return the value of the macro HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, and HUGE_VALL, respectively. If x or y is ±Inf, +Inf shall be returned (even if one of x or y is NaN). If x or y is NaN, and the other is not ±Inf, a NaN shall be returned. If both arguments are subnormal and the correct result is subnormal, a range error may occur and the correct result shall be returned.
These functions shall fail if: Range Error The result overflows. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the overflow floatingpoint exception shall be raised. These functions may fail if: Range Error The result underflows. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the underflow floatingpoint exception shall be raised. The following sections are informative.
See the EXAMPLES section in atan2().
hypot(x,y), hypot(y,x), and hypot(x, y) are equivalent. hypot(x, ±0) is equivalent to fabs(x). Underflow only happens when both x and y are subnormal and the (inexact) result is also subnormal. These functions take precautions against overflow during intermediate steps of the computation. On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be nonzero.
None.
None.
atan2(3p), feclearexcept(3p), fetestexcept(3p), isnan(3p), sqrt(3p) The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, Section 4.20, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, math.h(0p)
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic
form from IEEE Std 1003.12017, Standard for Information
Technology  Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The
Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright
(C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any
discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The
Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group
Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be
obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
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IEEE/The Open Group 2017 HYPOT(3P)
Pages that refer to this page: math.h(0p), atan2(3p)