printf(1) — Linux manual page


PRINTF(1)                     User Commands                    PRINTF(1)

NAME         top

       printf - format and print data

SYNOPSIS         top

       printf FORMAT [ARGUMENT]...
       printf OPTION

DESCRIPTION         top

       Print ARGUMENT(s) according to FORMAT, or execute according to

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

       FORMAT controls the output as in C printf.  Interpreted sequences

       \"     double quote

       \\     backslash

       \a     alert (BEL)

       \b     backspace

       \c     produce no further output

       \e     escape

       \f     form feed

       \n     new line

       \r     carriage return

       \t     horizontal tab

       \v     vertical tab

       \NNN   byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)

       \xHH   byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)

       \uHHHH Unicode (ISO/IEC 10646) character with hex value HHHH (4

              Unicode character with hex value HHHHHHHH (8 digits)

       %%     a single %

       %b     ARGUMENT as a string with '\' escapes interpreted, except
              that octal escapes are of the form \0 or \0NNN

       %q     ARGUMENT is printed in a format that can be reused as
              shell input, escaping non-printable characters with the
              proposed POSIX $'' syntax.

       and all C format specifications ending with one of diouxXfeEgGcs,
       with ARGUMENTs converted to proper type first.  Variable widths
       are handled.

       NOTE: your shell may have its own version of printf, which
       usually supersedes the version described here.  Please refer to
       your shell's documentation for details about the options it

AUTHOR         top

       Written by David MacKenzie.

REPORTING BUGS         top

       GNU coreutils online help:
       Report any translation bugs to

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+:
       GNU GPL version 3 or later <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute
       it.  There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO         top


       Full documentation
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) printf invocation'

COLOPHON         top

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       manipulation utilities) project.  Information about the project
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GNU coreutils 9.4              August 2023                     PRINTF(1)

Pages that refer to this page: bash(1)echo(1)git-sh-i18n(1)ps(1)printf(3)