manconv(1) — Linux manual page


MANCONV(1)                 Manual pager utils                 MANCONV(1)

NAME         top

       manconv - convert manual page from one encoding to another

SYNOPSIS         top

       manconv -f [from-code[:from-code...]] -t to-code [-dqhV]

DESCRIPTION         top

       manconv converts a manual page from one encoding to another, like
       iconv.  Unlike iconv, it can try multiple possible input
       encodings in sequence.  This is useful for manual pages installed
       in directories without an explicit encoding declaration, since
       they may be in UTF-8 or in a legacy character set.

       If an encoding declaration is found on the first line of the
       manual page, that declaration overrides any input encodings
       specified on manconv's command line.  Encoding declarations have
       the following form:

              '\" -*- coding: UTF-8 -*-

       or (if manual page preprocessors are also to be declared):

              '\" t -*- coding: ISO-8859-1 -*-

OPTIONS         top

       -f encodings, --from-code encodings
              Try each of encodings (a colon-separated list) in sequence
              as the input encoding.  The default is to guess likely
              input encodings based on the file name.

       -t encoding, --to-code encoding
              Convert the manual page to encoding.

       -q, --quiet
              Do not issue error messages when the page cannot be

       -d, --debug
              Print debugging information.

       -h, --help
              Print a help message and exit.

       -V, --version
              Display version information.

SEE ALSO         top

       iconv(1), man(1), man-recode(1)

AUTHOR         top

       Colin Watson (

BUGS         top

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the man-db (manual pager suite) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for
       this manual page, send it to  This page
       was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-12-18.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

2.12.0                         2023-09-23                     MANCONV(1)

Pages that refer to this page: dh_installman(1)man(1)man-recode(1)