dh_installman(1) — Linux manual page


DH_INSTALLMAN(1)                  Debhelper                 DH_INSTALLMAN(1)

NAME         top

       dh_installman - install man pages into package build directories

SYNOPSIS         top

       dh_installman [debhelper options] [manpage ...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       dh_installman is a debhelper program that handles installing man
       pages into the correct locations in package build directories.

       In compat 10 and earlier, this program was primarily for when
       upstream's build system does not properly install them as a part of
       its install step (or it does not have an install step).  In compat 11
       and later, it also supports the default searchdir plus --sourcedir
       like dh_install(1) and has the advantage that it respects the nodoc
       build profile (unlike dh_install(1)).

       Even if you prefer to use dh_install(1) for installing the manpages,
       dh_installman can still be useful for converting the manpage encoding
       to UTF-8 and for converting .so links (as described below).  However,
       that part happens automatically without any explicit configuration.

       You tell dh_installman what man pages go in your packages, and it
       figures out where to install them based on the section field in their
       .TH or .Dt line. If you have a properly formatted .TH or .Dt line,
       your man page will be installed into the right directory, with the
       right name (this includes proper handling of pages with a subsection,
       like 3perl, which are placed in man3, and given an extension of
       .3perl). If your .TH or .Dt line is incorrect or missing, the program
       may guess wrong based on the file extension.

       It also supports translated man pages, by looking for extensions like
       .ll.8 and .ll_LL.8, or by use of the --language switch.

       If dh_installman seems to install a man page into the wrong section
       or with the wrong extension, this is because the man page has the
       wrong section listed in its .TH or .Dt line. Edit the man page and
       correct the section, and dh_installman will follow suit. See man(7)
       for details about the .TH section, and mdoc(7) for the .Dt section.
       If dh_installman seems to install a man page into a directory like
       /usr/share/man/pl/man1/, that is because your program has a name like
       foo.pl, and dh_installman assumes that means it is translated into
       Polish. Use --language=C to avoid this.

       After the man page installation step, dh_installman will check to see
       if any of the man pages in the temporary directories of any of the
       packages it is acting on contain .so links. If so, it changes them to

       Also, dh_installman will use man to guess the character encoding of
       each manual page and convert it to UTF-8. If the guesswork fails for
       some reason, you can override it using an encoding declaration. See
       manconv(1) for details.

       From debhelper compatibility level 11 on, dh_install will fall back
       to looking in debian/tmp for files, if it does not find them in the
       current directory (or wherever you've told it to look using

FILES         top

           Lists man pages to be installed.

           Supports substitution variables in compat 13 and later as
           documented in debhelper(7).

OPTIONS         top

       -A, --all
           Install all files specified by command line parameters in ALL
           packages acted on.

           Use this to specify that the man pages being acted on are written
           in the specified language.

           Look in the specified directory for files to be installed.  This
           option requires compat 11 or later (it is silently ignored in
           compat 10 or earlier).

           Note that this is not the same as the --sourcedirectory option
           used by the dh_auto_* commands. You rarely need to use this
           option, since dh_installman automatically looks for files in
           debian/tmp in debhelper compatibility level 11 and above.

       manpage ...
           Install these man pages into the first package acted on. (Or in
           all packages if -A is specified).

EXAMPLES         top

       An example debian/manpages file could look like this:

         # Translations
         # NB: The following line is considered a polish translation
         # of "foo.1" (and not a manpage written in perl called "foo.pl")
         # ...

NOTES         top

       An older version of this program, dh_installmanpages(1), is still
       used by some packages, and so is still included in debhelper.  It is,
       however, deprecated, due to its counterintuitive and inconsistent
       interface. Use this program instead.

SEE ALSO         top


       This program is a part of debhelper.

AUTHOR         top

       Joey Hess <joeyh@debian.org>

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the debhelper (helper programs for debian/rules)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at [unknown --
       if you know, please contact man-pages@man7.org] If you have a bug
       report for this manual page, send it to submit@bugs.debian.org.  This
       page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://salsa.debian.org/debian/debhelper.git⟩ on 2020-07-14.  (At
       that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2020-07-11.)  If you discover any rendering problems
       in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

13.0.1                           2020-05-16                 DH_INSTALLMAN(1)

Pages that refer to this page: dh_installmanpages(1)debhelper(7)