groff(1) General Commands Manual groff(1)
groff - front end to the GNU roff document formatting system
groff [-abcCeEgGijklNpRsStUVXzZ] [-d cs] [-d name=string] [-D enc] [-f fam] [-F dir] [-I dir] [-K enc] [-L arg] [-m name] [-M dir] [-n num] [-o list] [-P arg] [-r cn] [-r reg=expr] [-T dev] [-w name] [-W name] [file ...] groff -h groff --help groff -v [option ...] [file ...] groff --version [option ...] [file ...]
groff is the primary front end to the GNU roff document formatting system. GNU roff transforms text input files into typeset output in a variety of formats, such as PDF and HTML. It is also used to format man pages for viewing on terminals. The groff command orchestrates the execution of preprocessors, the loading of macro packages, the formatting of input documents, and the production of output appropriate to a variety of hardware devices and file formats.
-h and --help display a usage message and exit. Because groff is intended to subsume most users' direct invocations of the troff(1) formatter, the two programs share a set of options. However, groff has some options that troff does not share, and others which groff interprets differently. At the same time, not all valid troff options can be given to groff. groff-specific options The following options either do not exist for troff or are interpreted differently by groff. -D enc Set default input encoding used by preconv(1) to enc; implies -k. -e Run eqn(1) preprocessor. -g Run grn(1) preprocessor. -G Run grap(1) preprocessor; implies -p. -I dir Works as troff's option (see below), but also implies -s and is passed to soelim(1). -j Run chem(1) preprocessor; implies -p. -k Run preconv(1), which is run before any other preprocessor. Please refer to preconv's manual page for its behavior if neither of groff's -K or -D options is also specified. -K enc Set input encoding used by preconv(1) to enc; implies -k. -l Send the output to a spooler program for printing. The “print” directive in the device description file specifies the default command to be used; see groff_font(5). If no such directive is present for the output device, output is piped to lpr(1). See options -L and -X. -L arg Pass arg to the print spooler program. If multiple args are required, each should be passed with a separate -L option. groff does not prepend “-” (a minus sign) to arg before passing it to the spooler program. -N Don't allow newlines within eqn delimiters. This is the same as the -N option in eqn(1). -p Run pic(1) preprocessor. -P arg Pass arg to the postprocessor. If multiple args are required, each should be passed with a separate -P option. groff does not prepend “-” (a minus sign) to arg before passing it to the postprocessor. -R Run refer(1) preprocessor. No mechanism is provided for passing arguments to refer because most refer options have equivalent language elements that can be specified within the document; see refer(1). -s Run soelim(1) preprocessor. -S Operate in “safer” mode; see -U below for its opposite. For security reasons, safer mode is enabled by default. -t Run tbl(1) preprocessor. -T dev Direct troff to format the input for the device dev. groff then calls a postprocessor to convert troff's output to a format appropriate for dev. See subsection “Devices” below. -U Operate in unsafe mode; see -S. Pass the -U option to pic and troff. -v --version Write version information of groff and of all programs run by it to the standard output stream; that is, the given command line is processed in the usual way, passing -v to the formatter and any pre- or postprocessors invoked. -V Output the pipeline that would be run by groff (as a wrapper program) to the standard output stream, but do not execute it. If given more than once, the pipeline is both written to the standard error stream and run. -X Use gxditview(1) instead of the usual postprocessor to (pre)view a document on an X11 display. -Z Disable postprocessing. troff output will appear on the standard output stream (unless suppressed with -z); see groff_out(5) for a description of this format. Transparent options The following options are passed as-is to the formatter program troff(1), and described in more detail in its man page. -a Generate a plain text approximation of the typeset output. -b Write a backtrace to the standard error stream on each error or warning. -c Start with color output disabled. -C Enable AT&T troff compatibility mode; implies -c. -d cs -d name=string Define string. -E Inhibit troff error messages; implies -Ww. -f fam Set default font family. -F dir Search in directory dir for the selected output device's directory of device and font description files. -i Process standard input after the specified input files. -I dir Search dir for input files. -m name Process name.tmac before any input files. -M dir Search directory dir for macro files. -n num Number the first page num. -o list Output only pages in list. -r cn -r reg=expr Define register. -w name -W name Enable (-w) or inhibit (-W) emission of warnings in category name. -z Suppress formatted device-independent output of troff.
The architecture of the GNU roff system follows that of other device-independent roff implementations, comprising preprocessors, macro packages, output drivers (or “postprocessors”), a suite of utilities, and the formatter troff at its heart. See roff(7) for a survey of how a roff system works. The front end programs available in the GNU roff system make it easier to use than traditional roffs that required the construction of pipelines or use of temporary files to carry a source document from maintainable form to device-ready output. The discussion below summarizes the constituent parts of the GNU roff system. It complements roff(7) with groff-specific information. Getting started Those who prefer to learn by experimenting or are desirous of rapid feedback from the system may wish to start with a “Hello, world!” document. $ echo "Hello, world!" | groff -Tascii | sed '/^$/d' Hello, world! We used a sed command only to eliminate the 65 blank lines that would otherwise flood the terminal screen. (roff systems were developed in the days of paper-based terminals with 66 lines to a page.) Today's users may prefer output to a UTF-8-capable terminal. $ echo "Hello, world!" | groff -Tutf8 | sed '/^$/d' Producing PDF, HTML, or TeX's DVI is also straightforward. The hard part may be selecting a viewer program for the output. $ echo "Hello, world!" | groff -Tpdf > hello.pdf $ evince hello.pdf $ echo "Hello, world!" | groff -Thtml > hello.html $ firefox hello.html $ echo "Hello, world!" | groff -Tdvi > hello.dvi $ xdvi hello.html Using groff as a REPL Those with a programmer's bent may be pleased to know that they can use groff in a read-evaluate-print loop (REPL). Doing so can be handy to verify one's understanding of the formatter's behavior and/or the syntax it accepts. Turning on all warnings with -ww can aid this goal. $ groff -ww -Tutf8 \# This is a comment. Let's define a register. .nr a 1 \# Do integer arithmetic with operators evaluated left-to-right. .nr b \n[a]+5/2 \# Let's get the result on the standard error stream. .tm \n[b] 3 \# Now we'll define a string. .ds name Leslie\" This is another form of comment. .nr b (\n[a] + (7/2)) \# Center the next two text input lines. .ce 2 Hi, \*[name]. Your secret number is \n[b]. \# We will see that the division rounded toward zero. It is \# Here's an if-else control structure. .ie (\n[b] % 2) odd. .el even. \# This trick sets the page length to the current vertical \# position, so that blank lines don't spew when we're done. .pl \n[nl]u <Control-D> Hi, Leslie. Your secret number is 4. It is even. Paper size In groff, the page dimensions for the formatter troff and for output devices are handled separately. In the formatter, requests are used to set the page length (.pl), page offset (or left margin, .po), and line length (.ll). The right margin is not explicitly configured; the combination of page offset and line length provides the information necessary to derive it. The papersize macro package, automatically loaded by troffrc at start-up, provides an interface for configuring page dimensions by convenient names, like “letter” or “A4”; see groff_tmac(5). The default used by the formatter depends on its build configuration, but is usually one of the foregoing, as geographically appropriate. It is up to each macro package to respect the page dimensions configured in this way. Some offer alternative mechanisms. For each output driver, the size of the output medium can be set in its DESC file. Most also recognize a command-line option -p to override the default dimensions and an option -l to use landscape orientation. See groff_font(5) for a description of the papersize directive, which takes an argument of the same form as -p. The output driver's man page, such as grops(1), may also be helpful. groff uses the command-line option -P to pass options to output devices; for example, use the following for PostScript output on A4 paper in landscape orientation. groff -Tps -dpaper=a4l -P-pa4 -P-l -ms foo.ms > foo.ps Front end The groff program is a wrapper around the troff(1) program. It allows one to specify preprocessors via command-line options and automatically runs the appropriate postprocessor for the selected output device. Doing so, the manual construction of pipelines or management of temporary files required of users of traditional roff(7) systems can be avoided. The grog(1) program can be used to infer an appropriate groff command line to format a document. Language Input to a roff system is in plain text interleaved with control lines and escape sequences. The combination constitutes a document in one of a family of languages we also call roff; see roff(7) for background. An overview of GNU roff language syntax and features, including lists of all supported escape sequences, requests, and pre-defined registers, can be found in groff(7). groff extensions to the AT&T troff language, a common subset of roff dialects extant today, are detailed in groff_diff(7). Preprocessors A preprocessor is an interpreter of a domain-specific language that produces roff language output. Frequently, such input is confined to sections or regions of a roff input file (bracketed with macro calls specific to each preprocessor), which it replaces. Preprocessors therefore often interpret a subset of roff syntax along with their own language. GNU roff provides reimplementations of most preprocessors familiar to users of AT&T troff; these routinely have extended features and/or require GNU troff to format their output. Preprocessors distributed with GNU roff include eqn(1) for mathematical formulae, grn(1) for pictures in gremlin(1) format, pic(1) for diagrams, chem(1) for chemical structure diagrams, refer(1) for bibliographic references, soelim(1) to preprocess files included with roff .so requests, and tbl(1) for tables. A preprocessor unique to GNU roff is preconv(1), which converts various input encodings to something GNU troff can understand. When used, it is run before any other preprocessors. Macro packages Macro files are roff input files designed to produce no output themselves but instead ease the preparation of other roff documents. When a macro file is installed at a standard location and suitable for use by a general audience, it is termed a macro package. Macro packages can be loaded prior to any roff input documents with the -m option. The groff system implements most well-known macro packages for AT&T troff in a compatible way, extends them, and adds some packages of its own. Several of them have one- or two-letter names due to the intense sense of naming economy practiced in early Unix culture. This laconic approach led to many of the packages being identified in general usage with the nroff and troff option letter used to invoke them, sometimes to punning effect, as with “man” (short for “manual”), and even with the option dash, as in the case of the s package, much better known as ms or even -ms. Macro packages serve a variety of purposes. Some are “full- service” packages, adopting responsibility for page layout among other fundamental tasks, and defining their own lexicon of macros for document composition; each such package stands alone and a given document can use at most one. GNU roff provides the following such packages. an is used to compose man pages in the format originating in Version 7 Unix (1979); see groff_man(7). It can be specified on the command line as -man. doc is used to compose man pages in the format originating in 4.3BSD-Reno (1990); see groff_mdoc(7). It can be specified on the command line as -mdoc. e is the Berkeley general-purpose macro suite, developed as an alternative to AT&T's s; see groff_me(7). It can be specified on the command line as -me. m implements the format used by the second-generation AT&T macro suite for general documents, a successor to s; see groff_mm(7). It can be specified on the command line as -mm. om (invariably called “mom”) is a modern package written by Peter Schaffter specifically for groff. Consult the mom home page ⟨https://www.schaffter.ca/mom/⟩ for extensive documentation. She—for mom takes the female pronoun—can be specified on the command line as -mom. s is the original AT&T general-purpose document format; see groff_ms(7). It can be specified on the command line as -ms. Others are supplemental. For instance, andoc is a wrapper package specific to groff that recognizes whether a document uses man or mdoc format and loads the corresponding macro package. It can be specified on the command line as -mandoc. A man(1) librarian program may use this macro file to delegate loading of the correct macro package; it is thus unnecessary for man itself to scan the contents of a document to decide the issue. Many macro files augment the function of the full-service packages, or of roff documents that do not employ such a package— the latter are sometimes characterized as “raw”. These auxiliary packages are described, along with details of macro file naming and placement, in groff_tmac(5). Formatters The central roff formatter within the groff system is troff(1). It provides the features of both the classical troff and nroff, as well as the groff extensions. The command-line option -C switches troff into compatibility mode which tries to emulate classical roff as much as possible. There is a shell script nroff(1) that emulates the behavior of classical nroff. It tries to automatically select the proper output encoding, according to the current locale. The formatter program generates a device-independent, but not device-agnostic, intermediate output format, documented in groff_out(5). Devices Real devices in groff are dvi TeX DVI format (postprocessor is grodvi(1)). html xhtml HTML and XHTML output (preprocessors are soelim and pre-grohtml, postprocessor is post-grohtml). lbp Canon CAPSL printers (LBP-4 and LBP-8 series laser printers; postprocessor is grolbp(1)). lj4 HP LaserJet4-compatible (or other PCL5-compatible) printers (postprocessor is grolj4(1)). ps PostScript output (postprocessor is grops(1)). pdf Portable Document Format (PDF) output (postprocessor is gropdf(1)). For the following TTY output devices (where postprocessor is grotty(1)), -T selects the output encoding: ascii ISO 646 1991:IRV, also known as US-ASCII. cp1047 IBM code page 1047, an EBCDIC arrangement of ISO Latin-1. latin1 ISO Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1). utf8 ISO 10646 (“Unicode”) character set in UTF-8 encoding. This encoding has the largest character repertoire, so it is the best choice for terminal output. The following arguments select gxditview as the postprocessor. X75 75dpi resolution, 10pt document base font. X75-12 75dpi resolution, 12pt document base font. X100 100dpi resolution, 10pt document base font. X100-12 100dpi resolution, 12pt document base font. The default device is ps. In roff, the output targets are called devices. A device can be a piece of hardware, e.g., a printer, or a software file format. A device is specified by the option -T. The groff devices are as follows. ascii Text output using the ascii(7) character set. cp1047 Text output using the EBCDIC code page IBM cp1047 (e.g., OS/390 Unix). dvi TeX DVI format. html HTML output. latin1 Text output using the ISO Latin-1 (ISO 8859-1) character set; see iso_8859_1(7). lbp Output for Canon CAPSL printers (LBP-4 and LBP-8 series laser printers). lj4 HP LaserJet4-compatible (or other PCL5-compatible) printers. ps PostScript output; suitable for printers and previewers like gv(1). pdf PDF files; suitable for viewing with tools such as evince(1) and okular(1). utf8 Text output using the Unicode (ISO 10646) character set with UTF-8 encoding; see unicode(7). xhtml XHTML output. X75 75dpi X Window System output suitable for the previewers xditview(1x) and gxditview(1). A variant for a 12pt document base font is X75-12. X100 100dpi X Window System output suitable for the previewers xditview(1x) and gxditview(1). A variant for a 12pt document base font is X100-12. The postprocessor to be used for a device is specified by the postpro directive in the device description file; see groff_font(5). This can be overridden with the -X option. The default device is ps. Postprocessors groff provides 3 hardware postprocessors: grolbp(1) for some Canon printers, grolj4(1) for printers compatible to the HP LaserJet 4 and PCL5, grotty(1) for text output using various encodings, e.g., on text- oriented terminals or line printers. Today, most printing or drawing hardware is handled by the operating system, by device drivers, or by software interfaces, usually accepting PostScript. Consequently, there isn't an urgent need for more hardware device postprocessors. The groff software devices for conversion into other document file formats are grodvi(1) for the DVI format, grohtml(1) for HTML and XHTML formats, grops(1) for PostScript. gropdf(1) for PDF. Combined with the many existing free conversion tools this should be sufficient to convert a troff document into virtually any existing data format. Utilities The following utility programs around groff are available. addftinfo(1) Add information to troff font description files for use with groff. afmtodit(1) Create font description files for PostScript device. eqn2graph(1) Convert an eqn image into a cropped image. gdiffmk(1) Mark differences between groff, nroff, or troff files. grap2graph(1) Convert a grap diagram into a cropped bitmap image. gxditview(1) The groff X viewer, the GNU version of xditview. hpftodit(1) Create font description files for lj4 device. indxbib(1) Make inverted index for bibliographic databases. lkbib(1) Search bibliographic databases. lookbib(1) Interactively search bibliographic databases. pdfroff(1) Create PDF documents using groff. pfbtops(1) Translate a PostScript font in .pfb format to ASCII. pic2graph(1) Convert a pic diagram into a cropped image. tfmtodit(1) Create font description files for TeX DVI device. xditview(1x) roff viewer historically distributed with the X Window System. xtotroff(1) Convert X font metrics into GNU troff font metrics.
Normally, the path separator in the following environment variables is the colon; this may vary depending on the operating system. For example, DOS and Windows use a semicolon instead. GROFF_BIN_PATH This search path, followed by PATH, is used for commands that are executed by groff. If it is not set then the directory where the groff binaries were installed is prepended to PATH. GROFF_COMMAND_PREFIX When there is a need to run different roff implementations at the same time groff provides the facility to prepend a prefix to most of its programs that could provoke name clashings at run time (default is to have none). Historically, this prefix was the character g, but it can be anything. For example, gtroff stood for groff's troff, gtbl for the groff version of tbl. By setting GROFF_COMMAND_PREFIX to different values, the different roff installations can be addressed. More exactly, if it is set to prefix xxx then groff as a wrapper program internally calls xxxtroff instead of troff. This also applies to the preprocessors eqn, grn, pic, refer, tbl, soelim, and to the utilities indxbib and lookbib. This feature does not apply to any programs different from the ones above (most notably groff itself) since they are unique to the groff package. GROFF_ENCODING The value of this environment value is passed to the preconv preprocessor to select the encoding of input files. Setting this option implies groff's command-line option -k (this is, groff actually always calls preconv). If set without a value, groff calls preconv without arguments. An explicit -K command-line option overrides the value of GROFF_ENCODING. See preconv(1) for details. GROFF_FONT_PATH A list of directories in which to seek the selected output device's directory of device and font description files. See troff(1) and groff_font(5). GROFF_TMAC_PATH A list of directories in which to seek macro files. See troff(1) and groff_tmac(5). GROFF_TMPDIR The directory in which temporary files are created. If not set, but the environment variable TMPDIR is set, temporary files are created there instead. On MS-DOS and Windows platforms, if neither of the foregoing are set, the environment variables TMP and TEMP (in that order) are checked also. Otherwise, temporary files are created in /tmp. The refer(1), grohtml(1), and grops(1) commands use temporary files. GROFF_TYPESETTER Set the default output device. If empty or not set, “ps” is used. The -T option overrides GROFF_TYPESETTER. SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH A timestamp (expressed as seconds since the Unix epoch) to use as the creation timestamp in place of the current time. The time is converted to human-readable form using ctime(3) when the formatter starts up and stored in registers usable by documents and macro packages. TZ The time zone to use when converting the current time (or value of SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH) to human-readable form; see tzset(3).
roff systems are best known for formatting man pages. Once it is has located a man page, a man(1) librarian program may execute a groff command much like the following, constructing a pipeline to page the output. groff -t -man /usr/share/man/man1/groff.1.man | less -R To process a roff input file using the preprocessors tbl and pic and the me macro package in the way to which AT&T troff users were accustomed, one would type (or script) a pipeline. pic foo.me | tbl | troff -me -Tutf8 | grotty Using groff, this pipe can be shortened to the equivalent command groff -p -t -me -T utf8 foo.me An even easier way to do this is to use grog(1) to guess the preprocessor and macro options and execute the result by using the command substitution feature of the shell. $(grog -Tutf8 foo.me) Each command-line option to a postprocessor must be specified with any required leading dashes “-” because groff passes the arguments as-is to the postprocessor; this permits arbitrary arguments to be transmitted. For example, to pass a title to the gxditview postprocessor, the shell commands groff -X -P -title -P 'trial run' mydoc.t and groff -X -Z mydoc.t | gxditview -title 'trial run' - are equivalent.
When paging output for the “ascii”, “cp1047”, “latin1”, and “utf8” devices, programs like more(1) and less(1) may require command-line options to correctly handle some output sequences; see grotty(1).
On EBCDIC hosts (e.g., OS/390 Unix), output devices ascii and latin1 aren't available. Similarly, output for EBCDIC code page cp1047 is not available on ASCII based operating systems.
groff installs files in varying locations depending on its compile-time configuration. On this installation, the following locations are used. Application defaults directory for gxditview(1). /usr/local/bin Directory containing groff's executable commands. /usr/local/share/groff/1.23.0/eign List of common words for indxbib(1). /usr/local/share/groff/1.23.0 Directory for data files. /usr/dict/papers/Ind Default index for lkbib(1) and refer(1). /usr/local/share/doc/groff-1.23.0 Documentation directory. /usr/local/share/doc/groff-1.23.0/examples Example directory. /usr/local/share/groff/1.23.0/font Font directory. /usr/local/share/doc/groff-1.23.0/html HTML documentation directory. /usr/lib/font Legacy font directory. /usr/local/share/groff/site-font Local font directory. /usr/local/share/groff/site-tmac Local macro package (tmac file) directory. /usr/local/share/groff/1.23.0/tmac Macro package (tmac file) directory. /usr/local/share/groff/1.23.0/oldfont Font directory for compatibility with old versions of groff; see grops(1). /usr/local/share/doc/groff-1.23.0/pdf PDF documentation directory. /usr/local/lib/groff/site-tmac System macro package (tmac file) directory. groff macro directory This contains all information related to macro packages. Note that more than a single directory is searched for those files as documented in groff_tmac(5). For the groff installation corresponding to this document, it is located at /usr/local/ share/groff/1.23.0/tmac. The following files contained in the groff macro directory have a special meaning: troffrc Initialization file for troff. This is interpreted by troff before reading the macro sets and any input. troffrc-end Final startup file for troff. It is parsed after all macro sets have been read. name.tmac tmac.name Macro file for macro package name. groff font directory This contains all information related to output devices. Note that more than a single directory is searched for those files; see troff(1). For the groff installation corresponding to this document, it is located at /usr/local/share/groff/1.23.0/font. The following files contained in the groff font directory have a special meaning: devname/DESC Device description file for device name, see groff_font(5). devname/F Font file for font F of device name.
Information on how to get groff and related information is available at the groff page of the GNU website ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/groff⟩. Three groff mailing lists are available: bug tracker activity (read-only) ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩; general discussion ⟨email@example.com⟩; and commit activity (read-only) ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩, which reports changes to groff's source code repository by its developers. Details on repository access and much more can be found in the file README at the top directory of the groff source package. A free implementation of the grap preprocessor, written by Ted Faber ⟨email@example.com⟩, can be found at the grap website ⟨http://www.lunabase.org/~faber/Vault/software/grap/⟩. This is the only grap supported by groff.
groff was written by James Clark ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩. This document was rewritten, enhanced, and put under the GNU FDL license in 2002 by Bernd Warken ⟨email@example.com⟩.
Groff: The GNU Implementation of troff, by Trent A. Fisher and Werner Lemberg, is the primary groff manual. You can browse it interactively with “info groff”. Introduction, history, and further reading: roff(7), ditroff(7) Viewer for groff (and AT&T device-independent) troff documents: gxditview(1) Preprocessors: chem(1), eqn(1), neqn(1), glilypond(1), grn(1), preconv(1), gperl(1), pic(1), gpinyin(1), refer(1), soelim(1), tbl(1) Macro packages and macro-specific utilities: groff_hdtbl(7), groff_man(7), groff_man_style(7), groff_mdoc(7), groff_me(7), groff_mm(7), groff_mmse(7), mmroff(1), groff_mom(7), pdfmom(1), groff_ms(7), groff_rfc1345(7), groff_trace(7), groff_www(7) Bibliographic and index tools: indxbib(1), lkbib(1), lookbib(1) Language, conventions, and GNU extensions: groff(7), groff_char(7), groff_diff(7), groff_filenames(5), groff_font(5), groff_tmac(5) Intermediate output language: groff_out(5) Formatter program: troff(1) Formatter wrappers: nroff(1), pdfroff(1) Postprocessors for output devices: grodvi(1), grohtml(1), grolbp(1), grolj4(1), lj4_font(5), gropdf(1), grops(1), grotty(1) Font support utilities: addftinfo(1), afmtodit(1), hpftodit(1), pfbtops(1), tfmtodit(1), xtotroff(1) Graphics conversion utilities: eqn2graph(1), grap2graph(1), pic2graph(1) Difference-marking utility: gdiffmk(1) “groff guess” utility: grog(1)
This page is part of the groff (GNU troff) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/groff/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/groff/⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://git.savannah.gnu.org/git/groff.git⟩ on 2021-08-27. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2021-08-23.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org groff 1.23.0.rc1.1101-d1263-di2r6tyAugust 2021 groff(1)
Pages that refer to this page: addftinfo(1), afmtodit(1), chem(1), eqn(1), eqn2graph(1), gdiffmk(1), glilypond(1), gperl(1), gpinyin(1), grap2graph(1), grn(1), grodvi(1), groffer(1), grog(1), grohtml(1), grolbp(1), grolj4(1), gropdf(1), grops(1), grotty(1), hpftodit(1), man(1), mmroff(1), nroff(1), pdfmom(1), pdfroff(1), pfbtops(1), pic(1), pic2graph(1), preconv(1), refer(1), roff2dvi(1), roff2html(1), roff2pdf(1), roff2ps(1), roff2text(1), roff2x(1), soelim(1), tbl(1), tfmtodit(1), troff(1), zsoelim(1), groff_font(5), groff_out(5), groff_tmac(5), lj4_font(5), ditroff(7), groff(7), groff_char(7), groff_diff(7), groff_hdtbl(7), groff_me(7), groff_mm(7), groff_mmse(7), groff_mom(7), groff_ms(7), groff_trace(7), groff_www(7), man(7), roff(7), suffixes(7)