git-show-branch(1) — Linux manual page


GIT-SHOW-BRANCH(1)             Git Manual             GIT-SHOW-BRANCH(1)

NAME         top

       git-show-branch - Show branches and their commits

SYNOPSIS         top

       git show-branch [-a|--all] [-r|--remotes] [--topo-order | --date-order]
                       [--current] [--color[=<when>] | --no-color] [--sparse]
                       [--more=<n> | --list | --independent | --merge-base]
                       [--no-name | --sha1-name] [--topics]
                       [(<rev> | <glob>)...]
       git show-branch (-g|--reflog)[=<n>[,<base>]] [--list] [<ref>]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Shows the commit ancestry graph starting from the commits named
       with <rev>s or <glob>s (or all refs under refs/heads and/or
       refs/tags) semi-visually.

       It cannot show more than 29 branches and commits at a time.

       It uses showbranch.default multi-valued configuration items if no
       <rev> or <glob> is given on the command line.

OPTIONS         top

           Arbitrary extended SHA-1 expression (see gitrevisions(7))
           that typically names a branch head or a tag.

           A glob pattern that matches branch or tag names under refs/.
           For example, if you have many topic branches under
           refs/heads/topic, giving topic/* would show all of them.

       -r, --remotes
           Show the remote-tracking branches.

       -a, --all
           Show both remote-tracking branches and local branches.

           With this option, the command includes the current branch to
           the list of revs to be shown when it is not given on the
           command line.

           By default, the branches and their commits are shown in
           reverse chronological order. This option makes them appear in
           topological order (i.e., descendant commits are shown before
           their parents).

           This option is similar to --topo-order in the sense that no
           parent comes before all of its children, but otherwise
           commits are ordered according to their commit date.

           By default, the output omits merges that are reachable from
           only one tip being shown. This option makes them visible.

           Usually the command stops output upon showing the commit that
           is the common ancestor of all the branches. This flag tells
           the command to go <n> more common commits beyond that. When
           <n> is negative, display only the <reference>s given, without
           showing the commit ancestry tree.

           Synonym to --more=-1

           Instead of showing the commit list, determine possible merge
           bases for the specified commits. All merge bases will be
           contained in all specified commits. This is different from
           how git-merge-base(1) handles the case of three or more

           Among the <reference>s given, display only the ones that
           cannot be reached from any other <reference>.

           Do not show naming strings for each commit.

           Instead of naming the commits using the path to reach them
           from heads (e.g. "master~2" to mean the grandparent of
           "master"), name them with the unique prefix of their object

           Shows only commits that are NOT on the first branch given.
           This helps track topic branches by hiding any commit that is
           already in the main line of development. When given "git
           show-branch --topics master topic1 topic2", this will show
           the revisions given by "git rev-list ^master topic1 topic2"

       -g, --reflog[=<n>[,<base>]] [<ref>]
           Shows <n> most recent ref-log entries for the given ref. If
           <base> is given, <n> entries going back from that entry.
           <base> can be specified as count or date. When no explicit
           <ref> parameter is given, it defaults to the current branch
           (or HEAD if it is detached).

           Color the status sign (one of these: * !  + -) of each commit
           corresponding to the branch it’s in. The value must be always
           (the default), never, or auto.

           Turn off colored output, even when the configuration file
           gives the default to color output. Same as --color=never.

       Note that --more, --list, --independent and --merge-base options
       are mutually exclusive.

OUTPUT         top

       Given N <references>, the first N lines are the one-line
       description from their commit message. The branch head that is
       pointed at by $GIT_DIR/HEAD is prefixed with an asterisk *
       character while other heads are prefixed with a ! character.

       Following these N lines, one-line log for each commit is
       displayed, indented N places. If a commit is on the I-th branch,
       the I-th indentation character shows a + sign; otherwise it shows
       a space. Merge commits are denoted by a - sign. Each commit shows
       a short name that can be used as an extended SHA-1 to name that

       The following example shows three branches, "master", "fixes" and

           $ git show-branch master fixes mhf
           * [master] Add 'git show-branch'.
            ! [fixes] Introduce "reset type" flag to "git reset"
             ! [mhf] Allow "+remote:local" refspec to cause --force when fetching.
             + [mhf] Allow "+remote:local" refspec to cause --force when fetching.
             + [mhf~1] Use git-octopus when pulling more than one heads.
            +  [fixes] Introduce "reset type" flag to "git reset"
             + [mhf~2] "git fetch --force".
             + [mhf~3] Use .git/remote/origin, not .git/branches/origin.
             + [mhf~4] Make "git pull" and "git fetch" default to origin
             + [mhf~5] Infamous 'octopus merge'
             + [mhf~6] Retire git-parse-remote.
             + [mhf~7] Multi-head fetch.
             + [mhf~8] Start adding the $GIT_DIR/remotes/ support.
           *++ [master] Add 'git show-branch'.

       These three branches all forked from a common commit, [master],
       whose commit message is "Add 'git show-branch'". The "fixes"
       branch adds one commit "Introduce "reset type" flag to "git
       reset"". The "mhf" branch adds many other commits. The current
       branch is "master".

EXAMPLES         top

       If you keep your primary branches immediately under refs/heads,
       and topic branches in subdirectories of it, having the following
       in the configuration file may help:

                   default = --topo-order
                   default = heads/*

       With this, git show-branch without extra parameters would show
       only the primary branches. In addition, if you happen to be on
       your topic branch, it is shown as well.

           $ git show-branch --reflog="10,1 hour ago" --list master

       shows 10 reflog entries going back from the tip as of 1 hour ago.
       Without --list, the output also shows how these tips are
       topologically related with each other.

GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control
       system) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual
       page, see ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2021-08-27.  (At that time,
       the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2021-08-24.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Git         08/27/2021             GIT-SHOW-BRANCH(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-config(1)git-merge-base(1)gitcore-tutorial(7)