GIT-STATUS(1)                    Git Manual                    GIT-STATUS(1)

NAME         top

       git-status - Show the working tree status

SYNOPSIS         top

       git status [<options>...] [--] [<pathspec>...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Displays paths that have differences between the index file and the
       current HEAD commit, paths that have differences between the working
       tree and the index file, and paths in the working tree that are not
       tracked by Git (and are not ignored by gitignore(5)). The first are
       what you would commit by running git commit; the second and third are
       what you could commit by running git add before running git commit.

OPTIONS         top

       -s, --short
           Give the output in the short-format.

       -b, --branch
           Show the branch and tracking info even in short-format.

           Show the number of entries currently stashed away.

           Give the output in an easy-to-parse format for scripts. This is
           similar to the short output, but will remain stable across Git
           versions and regardless of user configuration. See below for

           The version parameter is used to specify the format version. This
           is optional and defaults to the original version v1 format.

           Give the output in the long-format. This is the default.

       -v, --verbose
           In addition to the names of files that have been changed, also
           show the textual changes that are staged to be committed (i.e.,
           like the output of git diff --cached). If -v is specified twice,
           then also show the changes in the working tree that have not yet
           been staged (i.e., like the output of git diff).

       -u[<mode>], --untracked-files[=<mode>]
           Show untracked files.

           The mode parameter is used to specify the handling of untracked
           files. It is optional: it defaults to all, and if specified, it
           must be stuck to the option (e.g.  -uno, but not -u no).

           The possible options are:

           ·   no - Show no untracked files.

           ·   normal - Shows untracked files and directories.

           ·   all - Also shows individual files in untracked directories.

               When -u option is not used, untracked files and directories
               are shown (i.e. the same as specifying normal), to help you
               avoid forgetting to add newly created files. Because it takes
               extra work to find untracked files in the filesystem, this
               mode may take some time in a large working tree. Consider
               enabling untracked cache and split index if supported (see
               git update-index --untracked-cache and git update-index
               --split-index), Otherwise you can use no to have git status
               return more quickly without showing untracked files.

               The default can be changed using the
               status.showUntrackedFiles configuration variable documented
               in git-config(1).

           Ignore changes to submodules when looking for changes. <when> can
           be either "none", "untracked", "dirty" or "all", which is the
           default. Using "none" will consider the submodule modified when
           it either contains untracked or modified files or its HEAD
           differs from the commit recorded in the superproject and can be
           used to override any settings of the ignore option in
           git-config(1) or gitmodules(5). When "untracked" is used
           submodules are not considered dirty when they only contain
           untracked content (but they are still scanned for modified
           content). Using "dirty" ignores all changes to the work tree of
           submodules, only changes to the commits stored in the
           superproject are shown (this was the behavior before 1.7.0).
           Using "all" hides all changes to submodules (and suppresses the
           output of submodule summaries when the config option
           status.submoduleSummary is set).

           Show ignored files as well.

           The mode parameter is used to specify the handling of ignored
           files. It is optional: it defaults to traditional.

           The possible options are:

           ·   traditional - Shows ignored files and directories, unless
               --untracked-files=all is specified, in which case individual
               files in ignored directories are displayed.

           ·   no - Show no ignored files.

           ·   matching - Shows ignored files and directories matching an
               ignore pattern.

               When matching mode is specified, paths that explicitly match
               an ignored pattern are shown. If a directory matches an
               ignore pattern, then it is shown, but not paths contained in
               the ignored directory. If a directory does not match an
               ignore pattern, but all contents are ignored, then the
               directory is not shown, but all contents are shown.

           Terminate entries with NUL, instead of LF. This implies the
           --porcelain=v1 output format if no other format is given.

       --column[=<options>], --no-column
           Display untracked files in columns. See configuration variable
           column.status for option syntax.--column and --no-column without
           options are equivalent to always and never respectively.

       --ahead-behind, --no-ahead-behind
           Display or do not display detailed ahead/behind counts for the
           branch relative to its upstream branch. Defaults to true.

       --renames, --no-renames
           Turn on/off rename detection regardless of user configuration.
           See also git-diff(1) --no-renames.

           Turn on rename detection, optionally setting the similarity
           threshold. See also git-diff(1) --find-renames.

           See the pathspec entry in gitglossary(7).

OUTPUT         top

       The output from this command is designed to be used as a commit
       template comment. The default, long format, is designed to be human
       readable, verbose and descriptive. Its contents and format are
       subject to change at any time.

       The paths mentioned in the output, unlike many other Git commands,
       are made relative to the current directory if you are working in a
       subdirectory (this is on purpose, to help cutting and pasting). See
       the status.relativePaths config option below.

   Short Format
       In the short-format, the status of each path is shown as one of these

           XY PATH
           XY ORIG_PATH -> PATH

       where ORIG_PATH is where the renamed/copied contents came from.
       ORIG_PATH is only shown when the entry is renamed or copied. The XY
       is a two-letter status code.

       The fields (including the ->) are separated from each other by a
       single space. If a filename contains whitespace or other nonprintable
       characters, that field will be quoted in the manner of a C string
       literal: surrounded by ASCII double quote (34) characters, and with
       interior special characters backslash-escaped.

       For paths with merge conflicts, X and Y show the modification states
       of each side of the merge. For paths that do not have merge
       conflicts, X shows the status of the index, and Y shows the status of
       the work tree. For untracked paths, XY are ??. Other status codes can
       be interpreted as follows:

       ·   ' ' = unmodified

       ·   M = modified

       ·   A = added

       ·   D = deleted

       ·   R = renamed

       ·   C = copied

       ·   U = updated but unmerged

       Ignored files are not listed, unless --ignored option is in effect,
       in which case XY are !!.

           X          Y     Meaning
                    [AMD]   not updated
           M        [ MD]   updated in index
           A        [ MD]   added to index
           D                deleted from index
           R        [ MD]   renamed in index
           C        [ MD]   copied in index
           [MARC]           index and work tree matches
           [ MARC]     M    work tree changed since index
           [ MARC]     D    deleted in work tree
           [ D]        R    renamed in work tree
           [ D]        C    copied in work tree
           D           D    unmerged, both deleted
           A           U    unmerged, added by us
           U           D    unmerged, deleted by them
           U           A    unmerged, added by them
           D           U    unmerged, deleted by us
           A           A    unmerged, both added
           U           U    unmerged, both modified
           ?           ?    untracked
           !           !    ignored

       Submodules have more state and instead report M the submodule has a
       different HEAD than recorded in the index m the submodule has
       modified content ? the submodule has untracked files since modified
       content or untracked files in a submodule cannot be added via git add
       in the superproject to prepare a commit.

       m and ? are applied recursively. For example if a nested submodule in
       a submodule contains an untracked file, this is reported as ? as

       If -b is used the short-format status is preceded by a line

           ## branchname tracking info

   Porcelain Format Version 1
       Version 1 porcelain format is similar to the short format, but is
       guaranteed not to change in a backwards-incompatible way between Git
       versions or based on user configuration. This makes it ideal for
       parsing by scripts. The description of the short format above also
       describes the porcelain format, with a few exceptions:

        1. The user’s color.status configuration is not respected; color
           will always be off.

        2. The user’s status.relativePaths configuration is not respected;
           paths shown will always be relative to the repository root.

       There is also an alternate -z format recommended for machine parsing.
       In that format, the status field is the same, but some other things
       change. First, the -> is omitted from rename entries and the field
       order is reversed (e.g from -> to becomes to from). Second, a NUL
       (ASCII 0) follows each filename, replacing space as a field separator
       and the terminating newline (but a space still separates the status
       field from the first filename). Third, filenames containing special
       characters are not specially formatted; no quoting or
       backslash-escaping is performed.

       Any submodule changes are reported as modified M instead of m or
       single ?.

   Porcelain Format Version 2
       Version 2 format adds more detailed information about the state of
       the worktree and changed items. Version 2 also defines an extensible
       set of easy to parse optional headers.

       Header lines start with "#" and are added in response to specific
       command line arguments. Parsers should ignore headers they don’t

       # Branch Headers

       If --branch is given, a series of header lines are printed with
       information about the current branch.

           Line                                     Notes
           # branch.oid <commit> | (initial)        Current commit.
           # branch.head <branch> | (detached)      Current branch.
           # branch.upstream <upstream_branch>      If upstream is set.
           # branch.ab +<ahead> -<behind>           If upstream is set and
                                                    the commit is present.

       # Changed Tracked Entries

       Following the headers, a series of lines are printed for tracked
       entries. One of three different line formats may be used to describe
       an entry depending on the type of change. Tracked entries are printed
       in an undefined order; parsers should allow for a mixture of the 3
       line types in any order.

       Ordinary changed entries have the following format:

           1 <XY> <sub> <mH> <mI> <mW> <hH> <hI> <path>

       Renamed or copied entries have the following format:

           2 <XY> <sub> <mH> <mI> <mW> <hH> <hI> <X><score> <path><sep><origPath>

           Field       Meaning
           <XY>        A 2 character field containing the staged and
                       unstaged XY values described in the short format,
                       with unchanged indicated by a "." rather than
                       a space.
           <sub>       A 4 character field describing the submodule state.
                       "N..." when the entry is not a submodule.
                       "S<c><m><u>" when the entry is a submodule.
                       <c> is "C" if the commit changed; otherwise ".".
                       <m> is "M" if it has tracked changes; otherwise ".".
                       <u> is "U" if there are untracked changes; otherwise ".".
           <mH>        The octal file mode in HEAD.
           <mI>        The octal file mode in the index.
           <mW>        The octal file mode in the worktree.
           <hH>        The object name in HEAD.
           <hI>        The object name in the index.
           <X><score>  The rename or copy score (denoting the percentage
                       of similarity between the source and target of the
                       move or copy). For example "R100" or "C75".
           <path>      The pathname.  In a renamed/copied entry, this
                       is the target path.
           <sep>       When the `-z` option is used, the 2 pathnames are separated
                       with a NUL (ASCII 0x00) byte; otherwise, a tab (ASCII 0x09)
                       byte separates them.
           <origPath>  The pathname in the commit at HEAD or in the index.
                       This is only present in a renamed/copied entry, and
                       tells where the renamed/copied contents came from.

       Unmerged entries have the following format; the first character is a
       "u" to distinguish from ordinary changed entries.

           u <xy> <sub> <m1> <m2> <m3> <mW> <h1> <h2> <h3> <path>

           Field       Meaning
           <XY>        A 2 character field describing the conflict type
                       as described in the short format.
           <sub>       A 4 character field describing the submodule state
                       as described above.
           <m1>        The octal file mode in stage 1.
           <m2>        The octal file mode in stage 2.
           <m3>        The octal file mode in stage 3.
           <mW>        The octal file mode in the worktree.
           <h1>        The object name in stage 1.
           <h2>        The object name in stage 2.
           <h3>        The object name in stage 3.
           <path>      The pathname.

       # Other Items

       Following the tracked entries (and if requested), a series of lines
       will be printed for untracked and then ignored items found in the

       Untracked items have the following format:

           ? <path>

       Ignored items have the following format:

           ! <path>

       # Pathname Format Notes and -z

       When the -z option is given, pathnames are printed as is and without
       any quoting and lines are terminated with a NUL (ASCII 0x00) byte.

       Without the -z option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted
       as explained for the configuration variable core.quotePath (see


       The command honors color.status (or status.color — they mean the same
       thing and the latter is kept for backward compatibility) and
       color.status.<slot> configuration variables to colorize its output.

       If the config variable status.relativePaths is set to false, then all
       paths shown are relative to the repository root, not to the current

       If status.submoduleSummary is set to a non zero number or true
       (identical to -1 or an unlimited number), the submodule summary will
       be enabled for the long format and a summary of commits for modified
       submodules will be shown (see --summary-limit option of
       git-submodule(1)). Please note that the summary output from the
       status command will be suppressed for all submodules when
       diff.ignoreSubmodules is set to all or only for those submodules
       where submodule.<name>.ignore=all. To also view the summary for
       ignored submodules you can either use the --ignore-submodules=dirty
       command line option or the git submodule summary command, which shows
       a similar output but does not honor these settings.


       By default, git status will automatically refresh the index, updating
       the cached stat information from the working tree and writing out the
       result. Writing out the updated index is an optimization that isn’t
       strictly necessary (status computes the values for itself, but
       writing them out is just to save subsequent programs from repeating
       our computation). When status is run in the background, the lock held
       during the write may conflict with other simultaneous processes,
       causing them to fail. Scripts running status in the background should
       consider using git --no-optional-locks status (see git(1) for

SEE ALSO         top


GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       see ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨⟩ on
       2018-10-29.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that
       was found in the repository was 2018-10-26.)  If you discover any
       rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe
       there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Git           10/28/2018                    GIT-STATUS(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-add(1)git-commit(1)git-config(1)git-ls-files(1)git-submodule(1)giteveryday(7)