NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | OUTPUT | EXAMPLE | GIT | COLOPHON

GIT-SHOW-BRANCH(1)               Git Manual               GIT-SHOW-BRANCH(1)

NAME         top

       git-show-branch - Show branches and their commits

SYNOPSIS         top

       git show-branch [-a|--all] [-r|--remotes] [--topo-order | --date-order]
                       [--current] [--color[=<when>] | --no-color] [--sparse]
                       [--more=<n> | --list | --independent | --merge-base]
                       [--no-name | --sha1-name] [--topics]
                       [(<rev> | <glob>)...]
       git show-branch (-g|--reflog)[=<n>[,<base>]] [--list] [<ref>]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Shows the commit ancestry graph starting from the commits named with
       <rev>s or <globs>s (or all refs under refs/heads and/or refs/tags)
       semi-visually.

       It cannot show more than 29 branches and commits at a time.

       It uses showbranch.default multi-valued configuration items if no
       <rev> or <glob> is given on the command line.

OPTIONS         top

       <rev>
           Arbitrary extended SHA-1 expression (see gitrevisions(7)) that
           typically names a branch head or a tag.

       <glob>
           A glob pattern that matches branch or tag names under refs/. For
           example, if you have many topic branches under refs/heads/topic,
           giving topic/* would show all of them.

       -r, --remotes
           Show the remote-tracking branches.

       -a, --all
           Show both remote-tracking branches and local branches.

       --current
           With this option, the command includes the current branch to the
           list of revs to be shown when it is not given on the command
           line.

       --topo-order
           By default, the branches and their commits are shown in reverse
           chronological order. This option makes them appear in topological
           order (i.e., descendant commits are shown before their parents).

       --date-order
           This option is similar to --topo-order in the sense that no
           parent comes before all of its children, but otherwise commits
           are ordered according to their commit date.

       --sparse
           By default, the output omits merges that are reachable from only
           one tip being shown. This option makes them visible.

       --more=<n>
           Usually the command stops output upon showing the commit that is
           the common ancestor of all the branches. This flag tells the
           command to go <n> more common commits beyond that. When <n> is
           negative, display only the <reference>s given, without showing
           the commit ancestry tree.

       --list
           Synonym to --more=-1

       --merge-base
           Instead of showing the commit list, determine possible merge
           bases for the specified commits. All merge bases will be
           contained in all specified commits. This is different from how
           git-merge-base(1) handles the case of three or more commits.

       --independent
           Among the <reference>s given, display only the ones that cannot
           be reached from any other <reference>.

       --no-name
           Do not show naming strings for each commit.

       --sha1-name
           Instead of naming the commits using the path to reach them from
           heads (e.g. "master~2" to mean the grandparent of "master"), name
           them with the unique prefix of their object names.

       --topics
           Shows only commits that are NOT on the first branch given. This
           helps track topic branches by hiding any commit that is already
           in the main line of development. When given "git show-branch
           --topics master topic1 topic2", this will show the revisions
           given by "git rev-list ^master topic1 topic2"

       -g, --reflog[=<n>[,<base>]] [<ref>]
           Shows <n> most recent ref-log entries for the given ref. If
           <base> is given, <n> entries going back from that entry. <base>
           can be specified as count or date. When no explicit <ref>
           parameter is given, it defaults to the current branch (or HEAD if
           it is detached).

       --color[=<when>]
           Color the status sign (one of these: *!+-) of each commit
           corresponding to the branch it’s in. The value must be always
           (the default), never, or auto.

       --no-color
           Turn off colored output, even when the configuration file gives
           the default to color output. Same as --color=never.

       Note that --more, --list, --independent and --merge-base options are
       mutually exclusive.

OUTPUT         top

       Given N <references>, the first N lines are the one-line description
       from their commit message. The branch head that is pointed at by
       $GIT_DIR/HEAD is prefixed with an asterisk * character while other
       heads are prefixed with a ! character.

       Following these N lines, one-line log for each commit is displayed,
       indented N places. If a commit is on the I-th branch, the I-th
       indentation character shows a + sign; otherwise it shows a space.
       Merge commits are denoted by a - sign. Each commit shows a short name
       that can be used as an extended SHA-1 to name that commit.

       The following example shows three branches, "master", "fixes" and
       "mhf":

           $ git show-branch master fixes mhf
           * [master] Add 'git show-branch'.
            ! [fixes] Introduce "reset type" flag to "git reset"
             ! [mhf] Allow "+remote:local" refspec to cause --force when fetching.
           ---
             + [mhf] Allow "+remote:local" refspec to cause --force when fetching.
             + [mhf~1] Use git-octopus when pulling more than one heads.
            +  [fixes] Introduce "reset type" flag to "git reset"
             + [mhf~2] "git fetch --force".
             + [mhf~3] Use .git/remote/origin, not .git/branches/origin.
             + [mhf~4] Make "git pull" and "git fetch" default to origin
             + [mhf~5] Infamous 'octopus merge'
             + [mhf~6] Retire git-parse-remote.
             + [mhf~7] Multi-head fetch.
             + [mhf~8] Start adding the $GIT_DIR/remotes/ support.
           *++ [master] Add 'git show-branch'.

       These three branches all forked from a common commit, [master], whose
       commit message is "Add 'git show-branch'". The "fixes" branch adds
       one commit "Introduce "reset type" flag to "git reset"". The "mhf"
       branch adds many other commits. The current branch is "master".

EXAMPLE         top

       If you keep your primary branches immediately under refs/heads, and
       topic branches in subdirectories of it, having the following in the
       configuration file may help:

           [showbranch]
                   default = --topo-order
                   default = heads/*

       With this, git show-branch without extra parameters would show only
       the primary branches. In addition, if you happen to be on your topic
       branch, it is shown as well.

           $ git show-branch --reflog="10,1 hour ago" --list master

       shows 10 reflog entries going back from the tip as of 1 hour ago.
       Without --list, the output also shows how these tips are
       topologically related with each other.

GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨http://git-scm.com/⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       see ⟨http://git-scm.com/community⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/git/git.git⟩ on
       2017-05-03.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
       sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
       source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
       ual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

Git 2.9.2.277.g2949358           07/16/2016               GIT-SHOW-BRANCH(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-config(1)git-merge-base(1)gitcore-tutorial(7)