NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | DISCUSSION | REMOVING FILES THAT HAVE DISAPPEARED FROM THE FILESYSTEM | SUBMODULES | EXAMPLES | BUGS | SEE ALSO | GIT | COLOPHON

GIT-RM(1)                        Git Manual                        GIT-RM(1)

NAME         top

       git-rm - Remove files from the working tree and from the index

SYNOPSIS         top

       git rm [-f | --force] [-n] [-r] [--cached] [--ignore-unmatch] [--quiet] [--] <file>...

DESCRIPTION         top

       Remove files from the index, or from the working tree and the index.
       git rm will not remove a file from just your working directory.
       (There is no option to remove a file only from the working tree and
       yet keep it in the index; use /bin/rm if you want to do that.) The
       files being removed have to be identical to the tip of the branch,
       and no updates to their contents can be staged in the index, though
       that default behavior can be overridden with the -f option. When
       --cached is given, the staged content has to match either the tip of
       the branch or the file on disk, allowing the file to be removed from
       just the index.

OPTIONS         top

       <file>...
           Files to remove. Fileglobs (e.g.  *.c) can be given to remove all
           matching files. If you want Git to expand file glob characters,
           you may need to shell-escape them. A leading directory name (e.g.
           dir to remove dir/file1 and dir/file2) can be given to remove all
           files in the directory, and recursively all sub-directories, but
           this requires the -r option to be explicitly given.

       -f, --force
           Override the up-to-date check.

       -n, --dry-run
           Don’t actually remove any file(s). Instead, just show if they
           exist in the index and would otherwise be removed by the command.

       -r
           Allow recursive removal when a leading directory name is given.

       --
           This option can be used to separate command-line options from the
           list of files, (useful when filenames might be mistaken for
           command-line options).

       --cached
           Use this option to unstage and remove paths only from the index.
           Working tree files, whether modified or not, will be left alone.

       --ignore-unmatch
           Exit with a zero status even if no files matched.

       -q, --quiet
           git rm normally outputs one line (in the form of an rm command)
           for each file removed. This option suppresses that output.

DISCUSSION         top

       The <file> list given to the command can be exact pathnames, file
       glob patterns, or leading directory names. The command removes only
       the paths that are known to Git. Giving the name of a file that you
       have not told Git about does not remove that file.

       File globbing matches across directory boundaries. Thus, given two
       directories d and d2, there is a difference between using git rm 'd*'
       and git rm 'd/*', as the former will also remove all of directory d2.

REMOVING FILES THAT HAVE DISAPPEARED FROM THE FILESYSTEM         top

       There is no option for git rm to remove from the index only the paths
       that have disappeared from the filesystem. However, depending on the
       use case, there are several ways that can be done.

   Using “git commit -a”
       If you intend that your next commit should record all modifications
       of tracked files in the working tree and record all removals of files
       that have been removed from the working tree with rm (as opposed to
       git rm), use git commit -a, as it will automatically notice and
       record all removals. You can also have a similar effect without
       committing by using git add -u.

   Using “git add -A”
       When accepting a new code drop for a vendor branch, you probably want
       to record both the removal of paths and additions of new paths as
       well as modifications of existing paths.

       Typically you would first remove all tracked files from the working
       tree using this command:

           git ls-files -z | xargs -0 rm -f

       and then untar the new code in the working tree. Alternately you
       could rsync the changes into the working tree.

       After that, the easiest way to record all removals, additions, and
       modifications in the working tree is:

           git add -A

       See git-add(1).

   Other ways
       If all you really want to do is to remove from the index the files
       that are no longer present in the working tree (perhaps because your
       working tree is dirty so that you cannot use git commit -a), use the
       following command:

           git diff --name-only --diff-filter=D -z | xargs -0 git rm --cached

SUBMODULES         top

       Only submodules using a gitfile (which means they were cloned with a
       Git version 1.7.8 or newer) will be removed from the work tree, as
       their repository lives inside the .git directory of the superproject.
       If a submodule (or one of those nested inside it) still uses a .git
       directory, git rm will move the submodules git directory into the
       superprojects git directory to protect the submodule’s history. If it
       exists the submodule.<name> section in the gitmodules(5) file will
       also be removed and that file will be staged (unless --cached or -n
       are used).

       A submodule is considered up to date when the HEAD is the same as
       recorded in the index, no tracked files are modified and no untracked
       files that aren’t ignored are present in the submodules work tree.
       Ignored files are deemed expendable and won’t stop a submodule’s work
       tree from being removed.

       If you only want to remove the local checkout of a submodule from
       your work tree without committing the removal, use git-submodule(1)
       deinit instead. Also see gitsubmodules(7) for details on submodule
       removal.

EXAMPLES         top

       git rm Documentation/\*.txt
           Removes all *.txt files from the index that are under the
           Documentation directory and any of its subdirectories.

           Note that the asterisk * is quoted from the shell in this
           example; this lets Git, and not the shell, expand the pathnames
           of files and subdirectories under the Documentation/ directory.

       git rm -f git-*.sh
           Because this example lets the shell expand the asterisk (i.e. you
           are listing the files explicitly), it does not remove
           subdir/git-foo.sh.

BUGS         top

       Each time a superproject update removes a populated submodule (e.g.
       when switching between commits before and after the removal) a stale
       submodule checkout will remain in the old location. Removing the old
       directory is only safe when it uses a gitfile, as otherwise the
       history of the submodule will be deleted too. This step will be
       obsolete when recursive submodule update has been implemented.

SEE ALSO         top

       git-add(1)

GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨http://git-scm.com/⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       see ⟨http://git-scm.com/community⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/git/git.git⟩ on
       2017-09-15.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
       sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
       source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
       ual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

Git 2.14.1.536.g686727           09/14/2017                        GIT-RM(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-add(1)git-commit(1)git-config(1)git-merge(1)git-submodule(1)gitignore(5)