This command creates an empty Git repository - basically a .git
directory with subdirectories for objects, refs/heads, refs/tags, and
template files. An initial HEAD file that references the HEAD of the
master branch is also created.
If the $GIT_DIR environment variable is set then it specifies a path
to use instead of ./.git for the base of the repository.
If the object storage directory is specified via the
$GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY environment variable then the sha1 directories
are created underneath - otherwise the default $GIT_DIR/objects
directory is used.
Running git init in an existing repository is safe. It will not
overwrite things that are already there. The primary reason for
rerunning git init is to pick up newly added templates (or to move
the repository to another place if --separate-git-dir is given).
Only print error and warning messages; all other output will be
Create a bare repository. If GIT_DIR environment is not set, it
is set to the current working directory.
Specify the directory from which templates will be used. (See the
"TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section below.)
Instead of initializing the repository as a directory to either
$GIT_DIR or ./.git/, create a text file there containing the path
to the actual repository. This file acts as filesystem-agnostic
Git symbolic link to the repository.
If this is reinitialization, the repository will be moved to the
Specify that the Git repository is to be shared amongst several
users. This allows users belonging to the same group to push into
that repository. When specified, the config variable
"core.sharedRepository" is set so that files and directories
under $GIT_DIR are created with the requested permissions. When
not specified, Git will use permissions reported by umask(2).
The option can have the following values, defaulting to group if
no value is given:
umask (or false)
Use permissions reported by umask(2). The default, when
--shared is not specified.
group (or true)
Make the repository group-writable, (and g+sx, since the git
group may be not the primary group of all users). This is
used to loosen the permissions of an otherwise safe umask(2)
value. Note that the umask still applies to the other
permission bits (e.g. if umask is 0022, using group will not
remove read privileges from other (non-group) users). See
0xxx for how to exactly specify the repository permissions.
all (or world or everybody)
Same as group, but make the repository readable by all users.
0xxx0xxx is an octal number and each file will have mode 0xxx.
0xxx will override users' umask(2) value (and not only loosen
permissions as group and all does). 0640 will create a
repository which is group-readable, but not group-writable or
accessible to others. 0660 will create a repo that is
readable and writable to the current user and group, but
inaccessible to others.
By default, the configuration flag receive.denyNonFastForwards is
enabled in shared repositories, so that you cannot force a non
fast-forwarding push into it.
If you provide a directory, the command is run inside it. If this
directory does not exist, it will be created.
Files and directories in the template directory whose name do not
start with a dot will be copied to the $GIT_DIR after it is created.
The template directory will be one of the following (in order):
· the argument given with the --template option;
· the contents of the $GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR environment variable;
· the init.templateDir configuration variable; or
· the default template directory: /usr/share/git-core/templates.
The default template directory includes some directory structure,
suggested "exclude patterns" (see gitignore(5)), and sample hook
The sample hooks are all disabled by default, To enable one of the
sample hooks rename it by removing its .sample suffix.
See githooks(5) for more general info on hook execution.
Start a new Git repository for an existing code base
$ cd /path/to/my/codebase
$ git init (1)
$ git add . (2)
$ git commit (3)1. Create a /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory.
2. Add all existing files to the index.
3. Record the pristine state as the first commit in the history.
This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
project. Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://git-scm.com/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page,
see ⟨http://git-scm.com/community⟩. This page was obtained from the
project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/git/git.git⟩ on
2017-03-13. If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
ual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
Git 184.108.40.206.g625568 03/12/2017 GIT-INIT(1)