GIT-INIT(1)                      Git Manual                      GIT-INIT(1)

NAME         top

       git-init - Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing

SYNOPSIS         top

       git init [-q | --quiet] [--bare] [--template=<template_directory>]
                 [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
                 [--shared[=<permissions>]] [directory]

DESCRIPTION         top

       This command creates an empty Git repository - basically a .git
       directory with subdirectories for objects, refs/heads, refs/tags, and
       template files. An initial HEAD file that references the HEAD of the
       master branch is also created.

       If the $GIT_DIR environment variable is set then it specifies a path
       to use instead of ./.git for the base of the repository.

       If the object storage directory is specified via the
       $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY environment variable then the sha1 directories
       are created underneath - otherwise the default $GIT_DIR/objects
       directory is used.

       Running git init in an existing repository is safe. It will not
       overwrite things that are already there. The primary reason for
       rerunning git init is to pick up newly added templates (or to move
       the repository to another place if --separate-git-dir is given).

OPTIONS         top

       -q, --quiet
           Only print error and warning messages; all other output will be

           Create a bare repository. If GIT_DIR environment is not set, it
           is set to the current working directory.

           Specify the directory from which templates will be used. (See the
           "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section below.)

       --separate-git-dir=<git dir>
           Instead of initializing the repository as a directory to either
           $GIT_DIR or ./.git/, create a text file there containing the path
           to the actual repository. This file acts as filesystem-agnostic
           Git symbolic link to the repository.

           If this is reinitialization, the repository will be moved to the
           specified path.

           Specify that the Git repository is to be shared amongst several
           users. This allows users belonging to the same group to push into
           that repository. When specified, the config variable
           "core.sharedRepository" is set so that files and directories
           under $GIT_DIR are created with the requested permissions. When
           not specified, Git will use permissions reported by umask(2).

           The option can have the following values, defaulting to group if
           no value is given:

           umask (or false)
               Use permissions reported by umask(2). The default, when
               --shared is not specified.

           group (or true)
               Make the repository group-writable, (and g+sx, since the git
               group may be not the primary group of all users). This is
               used to loosen the permissions of an otherwise safe umask(2)
               value. Note that the umask still applies to the other
               permission bits (e.g. if umask is 0022, using group will not
               remove read privileges from other (non-group) users). See
               0xxx for how to exactly specify the repository permissions.

           all (or world or everybody)
               Same as group, but make the repository readable by all users.

               0xxx is an octal number and each file will have mode 0xxx.
               0xxx will override users' umask(2) value (and not only loosen
               permissions as group and all does).  0640 will create a
               repository which is group-readable, but not group-writable or
               accessible to others.  0660 will create a repo that is
               readable and writable to the current user and group, but
               inaccessible to others.

       By default, the configuration flag receive.denyNonFastForwards is
       enabled in shared repositories, so that you cannot force a non
       fast-forwarding push into it.

       If you provide a directory, the command is run inside it. If this
       directory does not exist, it will be created.


       Files and directories in the template directory whose name do not
       start with a dot will be copied to the $GIT_DIR after it is created.

       The template directory will be one of the following (in order):

       ·   the argument given with the --template option;

       ·   the contents of the $GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR environment variable;

       ·   the init.templateDir configuration variable; or

       ·   the default template directory: /usr/share/git-core/templates.

       The default template directory includes some directory structure,
       suggested "exclude patterns" (see gitignore(5)), and sample hook

       The sample hooks are all disabled by default, To enable one of the
       sample hooks rename it by removing its .sample suffix.

       See githooks(5) for more general info on hook execution.

EXAMPLES         top

       Start a new Git repository for an existing code base

               $ cd /path/to/my/codebase
               $ git init      (1)
               $ git add .     (2)
               $ git commit    (3)

           1. Create a /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory.
           2. Add all existing files to the index.
           3. Record the pristine state as the first commit in the history.

GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       see ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨⟩ on
       2018-10-29.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that
       was found in the repository was 2018-10-26.)  If you discover any
       rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe
       there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Git           03/12/2017                      GIT-INIT(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-clone(1)git-config(1)git-init-db(1)githooks(5)gitrepository-layout(5)giteveryday(7)