VIPW(8) System Management Commands VIPW(8)
vipw, vigr - edit the password, group, shadow-password or shadow-group file
vipw [options] vigr [options]
The vipw and vigr commands edits the files /etc/passwd and /etc/group, respectively. With the -s flag, they will edit the shadow versions of those files, /etc/shadow and /etc/gshadow, respectively. The programs will set the appropriate locks to prevent file corruption. When looking for an editor, the programs will first try the environment variable $VISUAL, then the environment variable $EDITOR, and finally the default editor, vi(1).
The options which apply to the vipw and vigr commands are: -g, --group Edit group database. -h, --help Display help message and exit. -p, --passwd Edit passwd database. -q, --quiet Quiet mode. -R, --root CHROOT_DIR Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory. Only absolute paths are supported. -s, --shadow Edit shadow or gshadow database.
VISUAL Editor to be used. EDITOR Editor to be used if VISUAL is not set.
/etc/group Group account information. /etc/gshadow Secure group account information. /etc/passwd User account information. /etc/shadow Secure user account information.
vi(1), group(5), gshadow(5) , passwd(5), , shadow(5).
This page is part of the shadow-utils (utilities for managing accounts and shadow password files) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to email@example.com. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/shadow-maint/shadow⟩ on 2022-12-17. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2022-12-15.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org shadow-utils 4.11.1 12/17/2022 VIPW(8)
Pages that refer to this page: group(5), passwd(5)