vigr(8) — Linux manual page


VIPW(8)                  System Management Commands                  VIPW(8)

NAME         top

       vipw, vigr - edit the password, group, shadow-password or
       shadow-group file

SYNOPSIS         top

       vipw [options]

       vigr [options]

DESCRIPTION         top

       The vipw and vigr commands edits the files /etc/passwd and
       /etc/group, respectively. With the -s flag, they will edit the shadow
       versions of those files, /etc/shadow and /etc/gshadow, respectively.
       The programs will set the appropriate locks to prevent file
       corruption. When looking for an editor, the programs will first try
       the environment variable $VISUAL, then the environment variable
       $EDITOR, and finally the default editor, vi(1).

OPTIONS         top

       The options which apply to the vipw and vigr commands are:

       -g, --group
           Edit group database.

       -h, --help
           Display help message and exit.

       -p, --passwd
           Edit passwd database.

       -q, --quiet
           Quiet mode.

       -R, --root CHROOT_DIR
           Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the
           configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

       -s, --shadow
           Edit shadow or gshadow database.

ENVIRONMENT         top

           Editor to be used.

           Editor to be used if VISUAL is not set.

FILES         top

           Group account information.

           Secure group account information.

           User account information.

           Secure user account information.

SEE ALSO         top

       vi(1), group(5), gshadow(5) , passwd(5), , shadow(5).

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the shadow-utils (utilities for managing
       accounts and shadow password files) project.  Information about the
       project can be found at ⟨⟩.  If
       you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2020-07-14.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repos‐
       itory was 2020-06-19.)  If you discover any rendering problems in
       this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to

shadow-utils 4.6                 07/14/2020                          VIPW(8)

Pages that refer to this page: group(5)