systemd-homed.service(8) — Linux manual page



NAME         top

       systemd-homed.service, systemd-homed - Home Area/User Account

SYNOPSIS         top



DESCRIPTION         top

       systemd-homed is a system service that may be used to create,
       remove, change or inspect home areas (directories and network
       mounts and real or loopback block devices with a filesystem,
       optionally encrypted).

       Most of systemd-homed's functionality is accessible through the
       homectl(1) command.

       See the Home Directories[1] documentation for details about the
       format and design of home areas managed by systemd-homed.service.

       Each home directory managed by systemd-homed.service synthesizes
       a local user and group. These are made available to the system
       using the User/Group Record Lookup API via Varlink[2], and thus
       may be browsed with userdbctl(1).

KEY MANAGEMENT         top

       User records are cryptographically signed with a public/private
       key pair (the signature is part of the JSON record itself). For a
       user to be permitted to log in locally the public key matching
       the signature of their user record must be installed. For a user
       record to be modified locally the private key matching the
       signature must be installed locally, too. The keys are stored in
       the /var/lib/systemd/home/ directory:

           The private key of the public/private key pair used for local
           records. Currently, only a single such key may be installed.

           Added in version 246.

           The public key of the public/private key pair used for local
           records. Currently, only a single such key may be installed.

           Added in version 246.

           Additional public keys. Any users whose user records are
           signed with any of these keys are permitted to log in
           locally. An arbitrary number of keys may be installed this

           Added in version 246.

       All key files listed above are in PEM format.

       In order to migrate a home directory from a host "foobar" to
       another host "quux" it is hence sufficient to copy
       /var/lib/systemd/home/local.public from the host "foobar" to
       "quux", maybe calling the file on the destination
       /var/lib/systemd/home/foobar.public, reflecting the origin of the
       key. If the user record should be modifiable on "quux" the pair
       /var/lib/systemd/home/local.public and
       /var/lib/systemd/home/local.private need to be copied from
       "foobar" to "quux", and placed under the identical paths there,
       as currently only a single private key is supported per host.
       Note of course that the latter means that user records
       generated/signed before the key pair is copied in, lose their

SEE ALSO         top

       systemd(1), homed.conf(5), homectl(1), pam_systemd_home(8),
       userdbctl(1), org.freedesktop.home1(5)

NOTES         top

        1. Home Directories

        2. User/Group Record Lookup API via Varlink

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service
       manager) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩.  If you have
       a bug report for this manual page, see
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-12-22.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

systemd 255                                     SYSTEMD-HOMED.SERVICE(8)

Pages that refer to this page: homectl(1)userdbctl(1)mount_setattr(2)homed.conf(5)org.freedesktop.home1(5)systemd.exec(5)systemd.directives(7)systemd.index(7)nss-systemd(8)pam_systemd_home(8)systemd-userdbd.service(8)