terminal-colors.d(5) — Linux manual page


TERMINAL_COLORS.D(5)        terminal-colors.d       TERMINAL_COLORS.D(5)

NAME         top

       terminal-colors.d - Configure output colorization for various

SYNOPSIS         top


DESCRIPTION         top

       Files in this directory determine the default behavior for
       utilities when coloring output.

       The name is a utility name.  The name is optional and when none
       is specified then the file is used for all unspecified utilities.

       The term is a terminal identifier (the TERM environment
       variable).  The terminal identifier is optional and when none is
       specified then the file is used for all unspecified terminals.

       The type is a file type.  Supported file types are:

              Turns off output colorization for all compatible

       enable Turns on output colorization; any matching disable files
              are ignored.

       scheme Specifies colors used for output.  The file format may be
              specific to the utility, the default format is described

       If there are more files that match for a utility, then the file
       with the more specific filename wins.  For example, the filename
       "@xterm.scheme" has less priority than "dmesg@xterm.scheme".  The
       lowest priority are those files without a utility name and
       terminal identifier (e.g., "disable").

       The user-specific $XDG_CONFIG_HOME/terminal-colors.d or
       $HOME/.config/terminal-colors.d overrides the global setting.


       The following statement is recognized:

              name color-sequence

       The name is a logical name of color sequence (for example
       "error").  The names are specific to the utilities.  For more
       details always see the COLORS section in the man page for the

       The color-sequence is a color name, ASCII color sequences or
       escape sequences.

   Color names
       black, blink, blue, bold, brown, cyan, darkgray, gray, green,
       halfbright, lightblue, lightcyan, lightgray, lightgreen,
       lightmagenta, lightred, magenta, red, reset, reverse, and yellow.

   ANSI color sequences
       The color sequences are composed of sequences of numbers
       separated by semicolons.  The most common codes are:

               0   to restore default color
               1   for brighter colors
               4   for underlined text
               5   for flashing text
              30   for black foreground
              31   for red foreground
              32   for green foreground
              33   for yellow (or brown) foreground
              34   for blue foreground
              35   for purple foreground
              36   for cyan foreground
              37   for white (or gray) foreground
              40   for black background
              41   for red background
              42   for green background
              43   for yellow (or brown) background
              44   for blue background
              45   for purple background
              46   for cyan background
              47   for white (or gray) background

   Escape sequences
       To specify control or blank characters in the color sequences, C-
       style \-escaped notation can be used:

              \a   Bell (ASCII 7)
              \b   Backspace (ASCII 8)
              \e   Escape (ASCII 27)
              \f   Form feed (ASCII 12)
              \n   Newline (ASCII 10)
              \r   Carriage Return (ASCII 13)
              \t   Tab (ASCII 9)
              \v   Vertical Tab (ASCII 11)
              \?   Delete (ASCII 127)
              \_   Space
              \\   Backslash (\)
              \^   Caret (^)
              \#   Hash mark (#)

       Please note that escapes are necessary to enter a space,
       backslash, caret, or any control character anywhere in the
       string, as well as a hash mark as the first character.

       For example, to use a red background for alert messages in the
       output of dmesg(1), use:

              echo 'alert 37;41' >> /etc/terminal-colors.d/dmesg.scheme

       Lines where the first non-blank character is a # (hash) are
       ignored.  Any other use of the hash character is not interpreted
       as introducing a comment.

ENVIRONMENT         top

              enables debug output.

FILES         top


EXAMPLE         top

       Disable colors for all compatible utilities:
              touch /etc/terminal-colors.d/disable

       Disable colors for all compatible utils on a vt100 terminal:
              touch /etc/terminal-colors.d/@vt100.disable

       Disable colors for all compatible utils except dmesg(1):
              touch /etc/terminal-colors.d/disable

              touch /etc/terminal-colors.d/dmesg.enable


       The terminal-colors.d functionality is currently supported by all
       util-linux utilities which provides colorized output.  For more
       details always see the COLORS section in the man page for the

AVAILABILITY         top

       terminal-colors.d is part of the util-linux package and is
       available from Linux Kernel Archive 

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
       utilities) project.  Information about the project can be found
       at ⟨https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/⟩.  If you
       have a bug report for this manual page, send it to
       util-linux@vger.kernel.org.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/utils/util-linux/util-linux.git⟩ on
       2021-03-21.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2021-03-19.)  If you
       discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page,
       or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
       the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

util-linux                    January 2014          TERMINAL_COLORS.D(5)

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