nexttoward(3) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUE | ERRORS | ATTRIBUTES | CONFORMING TO | BUGS | BUGS | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

NEXTAFTER(3)              Linux Programmer's Manual             NEXTAFTER(3)

NAME         top

       nextafter,  nextafterf,  nextafterl, nexttoward, nexttowardf, nextto‐
       wardl - floating-point number manipulation

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <math.h>

       double nextafter(double x, double y);
       float nextafterf(float x, float y);
       long double nextafterl(long double x, long double y);

       double nexttoward(double x, long double y);
       float nexttowardf(float x, long double y);
       long double nexttowardl(long double x, long double y);

       Link with -lm.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       nextafter():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
       nextafterf(), nextafterl():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
       nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), nexttowardl():
           _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

DESCRIPTION         top

       The nextafter(), nextafterf(), and nextafterl() functions return the
       next representable floating-point value following x in the direction
       of y.  If y is less than x, these functions will return the largest
       representable number less than x.

       If x equals y, the functions return y.

       The nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), and nexttowardl() functions do the
       same as the corresponding nextafter() functions, except that they
       have a long double second argument.

RETURN VALUE         top

       On success, these functions return the next representable floating-
       point value after x in the direction of y.

       If x equals y, then y (cast to the same type as x) is returned.

       If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

       If x is finite, and the result would overflow, a range error occurs,
       and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL,
       respectively, with the correct mathematical sign.

       If x is not equal to y, and the correct function result would be
       subnormal, zero, or underflow, a range error occurs, and either the
       correct value (if it can be represented), or 0.0, is returned.

ERRORS         top

       See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an
       error has occurred when calling these functions.

       The following errors can occur:

       Range error: result overflow
              errno is set to ERANGE.  An overflow floating-point exception
              (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.

       Range error: result is subnormal or underflows
              errno is set to ERANGE.  An underflow floating-point exception
              (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       attributes(7).

       ┌─────────────────────────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐
       │Interface                    Attribute     Value   │
       ├─────────────────────────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤
       │nextafter(), nextafterf(),   │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       │nextafterl(), nexttoward(),  │               │         │
       │nexttowardf(), nexttowardl() │               │         │
       └─────────────────────────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘

CONFORMING TO         top

       C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.  This function is defined in IEC 559
       (and the appendix with recommended functions in IEEE 754/IEEE 854).

BUGS         top

       In glibc version 2.5 and earlier, these functions do not raise an
       underflow floating-point (FE_UNDERFLOW) exception when an underflow
       occurs.

BUGS         top

       Before glibc version 2.23 these functions did not set errno.

SEE ALSO         top

       nearbyint(3)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 5.07 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                              2020-06-09                     NEXTAFTER(3)