attr_list(3) — Linux manual page


ATTR_LIST(3)                XFS Compatibility API               ATTR_LIST(3)

NAME         top

       attr_list,  attr_listf  -  list the names of the user attributes of a
       filesystem object

C SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <attr/attributes.h>

       int attr_list (const char ∗path, char ∗buffer,
                      const int buffersize, int flags,
                      attrlist_cursor_t ∗cursor);

       int attr_listf (int fd, char ∗buffer,
                       const int buffersize, int flags,
                       attrlist_cursor_t ∗cursor);

DESCRIPTION         top

       The attr_list and attr_listf functions provide a way to list the
       existing attributes of a filesystem object.

       Path points to a path name for a filesystem object, and fd refers to
       the file descriptor associated with a file.  The buffer will be
       filled with a structure describing at least a portion of the
       attributes associated with the given filesystem object.  Buffer will
       be overwritten with an attrlist_t structure containing a list of the
       attributes associated with that filesystem object, up to a maximum of
       buffersize bytes.  The buffer must be sufficiently large to hold the
       appropriate data structures plus at least one maximally sized
       attribute name, but cannot be more than ATTR_MAX_VALUELEN (currently
       64KB) bytes in length.

       The contents of an attrlist_t structure include the following

          int32_t al_count; /∗ number of entries in attrlist ∗/
          int32_t al_more; /∗ T/F: more attrs (do syscall again) ∗/
          int32_t al_offset[1]; /∗ byte offsets of attrs [var-sized] ∗/

       The al_count field shows the number of attributes represented in this
       buffer, which is also the number of elements in the al_offset array.
       The al_more field will be non-zero if another attr_list call would
       result in more attributes.  The al_offset array contains the byte
       offset within the buffer of the structure describing each of the
       attributes, an attrlist_ent_t structure.  The ATTR_ENTRY(buffer,
       index) macro will help with decoding the list.  It takes a pointer to
       the buffer and an index into the al_offset array and returns a
       pointer to the corresponding attrlist_ent_t structure.

       The contents of an attrlist_ent_t structure include the following

          uint32_t a_valuelen; /∗ number bytes in value of attr ∗/
          char a_name[]; /∗ attr name (NULL terminated) ∗/

       The a_valuelen field shows the size in bytes of the value associated
       with the attribute whose name is stored in the a_name field.  The
       name is a NULL terminated string.

       Note that the value of the attribute cannot be obtained through this
       interface, the attr_get call should be used to get the value.  The
       attr_list interface tells the calling process how large of a buffer
       it must have in order to get the attribute´s value.

       The flags argument can contain the following symbols bitwise OR´ed

              List the attributes that are in the root address space, not in
              the user address space.  (limited to use by super-user only)

              Do not follow symbolic links when resolving a path on an
              attr_list function call.  The default is to follow symbolic

       The cursor argument is a pointer to an opaque data structure that the
       kernel uses to track the calling process´s position in the attribute
       list.  The only valid operations on a cursor are to pass it into an
       attr_list function call or to zero it out.  It should be zero´ed out
       before the first attr_list call.  Note that multi-threaded
       applications may keep more than one cursor in order to serve multiple
       contexts, ie: the attr_list call is "thread-safe".

       attr_list will fail if one or more of the following are true:

       [ENOENT]         The named file does not exist.

       [EPERM]          The effective user ID does not match the owner of
                        the file and the effective user ID is not super-

       [ENOTDIR]        A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

       [EACCES]         Search permission is denied on a component of the
                        path prefix.

       [EINVAL]         A bit was set in the flag argument that is not
                        defined for this system call, or the buffer was too
                        small or too large.

       [EFAULT]         Either Path or buffer points outside the allocated
                        address space of the process, or buffer or bufsize
                        are not 32bit aligned.

       [ELOOP]          A path name lookup involved too many symbolic links.

       [ENAMETOOLONG]   The length of path exceeds {MAXPATHLEN}, or a
                        pathname component is longer than {MAXNAMELEN}.

       [ENOATTR]        attribute does not exist for this file.

       attr_listf will fail if:

       [EINVAL]       A bit was set in the flag argument that is not defined
                      for this system call, or fd refers to a socket, not a
                      file, or the buffer was too small or too large.

       [EFAULT]       Either Path or buffer points outside the allocated
                      address space of the process, or buffer or bufsize are
                      not 32bit aligned.

       [EBADF]        Fd does not refer to a valid descriptor.

DIAGNOSTICS         top

       Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned.  Otherwise, a
       value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

SEE ALSO         top

       attr(1), attr_multi(3), attr_remove(3), attr_set(3)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the attr (manipulating filesystem extended
       attributes) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report
       for this manual page, see
       ⟨⟩.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on 2020-09-18.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repos‐
       itory was 2020-02-06.)  If you discover any rendering problems in
       this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to

Dec 2005                     Extended Attributes                ATTR_LIST(3)

Pages that refer to this page: attr_get(3)attr_getf(3)attr_list_by_handle(3)attr_multi(3)attr_multi_by_handle(3)attr_multif(3)attr_remove(3)attr_removef(3)attr_set(3)attr_setf(3)fd_to_handle(3)free_handle(3)fssetdm_by_handle(3)getparentpaths_by_handle(3)getparents_by_handle(3)handle(3)handle_to_fshandle(3)open_by_handle(3)path_to_fshandle(3)path_to_handle(3)readlink_by_handle(3)