W(1) User Commands W(1)
w - Show who is logged on and what they are doing.
w [options] [user]
w displays information about the users currently on the machine, and their processes. The header shows, in this order, the current time, how long the system has been running, how many users are currently logged on, and the system load averages for the past 1, 5, and 15 minutes. The following entries are displayed for each user: login name, the tty name, the remote host, login time, idle time, JCPU, PCPU, and the command line of their current process. The JCPU time is the time used by all processes attached to the tty. It does not include past background jobs, but does include currently running background jobs. The PCPU time is the time used by the current process, named in the "what" field.
-h, --no-header Don't print the header. -u, --no-current Ignores the username while figuring out the current process and cpu times. To demonstrate this, do a su and do a w and a w -u. -s, --short Use the short format. Don't print the login time, JCPU or PCPU times. -f, --from Toggle printing the from (remote hostname) field. The default as released is for the from field to not be printed, although your system administrator or distribution maintainer may have compiled a version in which the from field is shown by default. --help Display help text and exit. -i, --ip-addr Display IP address instead of hostname for from field. -p, --pids Display pid of the login process/the "what" process in the "what" field. -V, --version Display version information. -o, --old-style Old style output. Prints blank space for idle times less than one minute. user Show information about the specified user only.
PROCPS_USERLEN Override the default width of the username column. Defaults to 8. PROCPS_FROMLEN Override the default width of the from column. Defaults to 16.
/var/run/utmp information about who is currently logged on /proc process information
free(1), ps(1), top(1), uptime(1), utmp(5), who(1)
w was re-written almost entirely by Charles Blake, based on the version by Larry Greenfield ⟨email@example.com⟩ and Michael K. Johnson ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩
Please send bug reports to ⟨email@example.com⟩
This page is part of the procps-ng (/proc filesystem utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨https://gitlab.com/procps-ng/procps⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨https://gitlab.com/procps-ng/procps/blob/master/Documentation/bugs.md⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://gitlab.com/procps-ng/procps.git⟩ on 2023-06-23. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2023-06-13.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org procps-ng 2023-01-15 W(1)
Pages that refer to this page: tload(1), top(1), uptime(1), utmpdump(1)