systemd-machine-id-setup - Initialize the machine ID in /etc/machine-id
systemd-machine-id-setup may be used by system installer tools to initialize the machine ID stored in /etc/machine-id at install time, with a provisioned or randomly generated ID. See machine-id(5) for more information about this file. If the tool is invoked without the --commit switch, /etc/machine-id is initialized with a valid, new machined ID if it is missing or empty. The new machine ID will be acquired in the following fashion: 1. If a valid D-Bus machine ID is already configured for the system, the D-Bus machine ID is copied and used to initialize the machine ID in /etc/machine-id. 2. If run inside a KVM virtual machine and a UUID is configured (via the -uuid option), this UUID is used to initialize the machine ID. The caller must ensure that the UUID passed is sufficiently unique and is different for every booted instance of the VM. 3. Similarly, if run inside a Linux container environment and a UUID is configured for the container, this is used to initialize the machine ID. For details, see the documentation of the Container Interface. 4. Otherwise, a new ID is randomly generated. The --commit switch may be used to commit a transient machined ID to disk, making it persistent. For details, see below. Use systemd-firstboot(1) to initialize the machine ID on mounted (but not booted) system images.
The following options are understood: --root=path Takes a directory path as argument. All paths operated on will be prefixed with the given alternate root path, including the path for /etc/machine-id itself. --image=path Takes a path to a device node or refular file as argument. This is similar to --root= as described above, but operates on a disk image instead of a directory tree. --commit Commit a transient machine ID to disk. This command may be used to convert a transient machine ID into a persistent one. A transient machine ID file is one that was bind mounted from a memory file system (usually "tmpfs") to /etc/machine-id during the early phase of the boot process. This may happen because /etc/ is initially read-only and was missing a valid machine ID file at that point. This command will execute no operation if /etc/machine-id is not mounted from a memory file system, or if /etc/ is read-only. The command will write the current transient machine ID to disk and unmount the /etc/machine-id mount point in a race-free manner to ensure that this file is always valid and accessible for other processes. This command is primarily used by the systemd-machine-id-commit.service(8) early boot service. --print Print the machine ID generated or committed after the operation is complete. -h, --help Print a short help text and exit. --version Print a short version string and exit.
On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.
systemd(1), machine-id(5), systemd-machine-id-commit.service(8), dbus-uuidgen(1), systemd-firstboot(1)
1. Container Interface https://systemd.io/CONTAINER_INTERFACE
This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service manager) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/#bugreports⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git⟩ on 2021-06-20. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2021-06-19.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to email@example.com systemd 249 SYSTEMD-MACHINE-ID-SETUP(1)
Pages that refer to this page: systemd-firstboot(1), machine-id(5), lvmsystemid(7), systemd.directives(7), systemd.index(7), systemd-machine-id-commit.service(8)