pstree(1) — Linux manual page


PSTREE(1)                       User Commands                      PSTREE(1)

NAME         top

       pstree - display a tree of processes

SYNOPSIS         top

       pstree [-a, --arguments] [-c, --compact-not] [-C, --color attr]
       [-g, --show-pgids] [-h, --highlight-all, -Hpid, --highlight-pid pid]
       [-l, --long] [-n, --numeric-sort] [-N, --ns-sort ns]
       [-p, --show-pids] [-s, --show-parents] [-S, --ns-changes]
       [-t, --thread-names] [-T, --hide-threads] [-u, --uid-changes]
       [-Z, --security-context] [-A, --ascii, -G, --vt100, -U, --unicode]
       [pid, user]
       pstree -V, --version

DESCRIPTION         top

       pstree shows running processes as a tree.  The tree is rooted at
       either pid or init if pid is omitted.  If a user name is specified,
       all process trees rooted at processes owned by that user are shown.

       pstree visually merges identical branches by putting them in square
       brackets and prefixing them with the repetition count, e.g.




       Child threads of a process are found under the parent process and are
       shown with the process name in curly braces, e.g.


       If pstree is called as pstree.x11 then it will prompt the user at the
       end of the line to press return and will not return until that has
       happened.  This is useful for when pstree is run in a xterminal.

       Certain kernel or mount parameters, such as the hidepid option for
       procfs, will hide information for some processes. In these situations
       pstree will attempt to build the tree without this information,
       showing process names as question marks.

OPTIONS         top

       -a     Show command line arguments.  If the command line of a process
              is swapped out, that process is shown in parentheses.  -a
              implicitly disables compaction for processes but not threads.

       -A     Use ASCII characters to draw the tree.

       -c     Disable compaction of identical subtrees.  By default,
              subtrees are compacted whenever possible.

       -C     Color the process name by given attribute. Currently pstree
              only accepts age which colors by process age.  Processes newer
              than 60 seconds are green, newer than an hour yellow and the
              remaining red.

       -g     Show PGIDs.  Process Group IDs are shown as decimal numbers in
              parentheses after each process name.  -g implicitly disables
              compaction.  If both PIDs and PGIDs are displayed then PIDs
              are shown first.

       -G     Use VT100 line drawing characters.

       -h     Highlight the current process and its ancestors.  This is a
              no-op if the terminal doesn't support highlighting or if
              neither the current process nor any of its ancestors are in
              the subtree being shown.

       -H     Like -h, but highlight the specified process instead.  Unlike
              with -h, pstree fails when using -H if highlighting is not

       -l     Display long lines.  By default, lines are truncated to either
              the COLUMNS environment variable or the display width.  If
              neither of these methods work, the default of 132 columns is

       -n     Sort processes with the same parent by PID instead of by name.
              (Numeric sort.)

       -N     Show individual trees for each namespace of the type
              specified.  The available types are: ipc, mnt, net, pid, user,
              uts.  Regular users don't have access to other users'
              processes information, so the output will be limited.

       -p     Show PIDs.  PIDs are shown as decimal numbers in parentheses
              after each process name.  -p implicitly disables compaction.

       -s     Show parent processes of the specified process.

       -S     Show namespaces transitions.  Like -N, the output is limited
              when running as a regular user.

       -t     Show full names for threads when available.

       -T     Hide threads and only show processes.

       -u     Show uid transitions.  Whenever the uid of a process differs
              from the uid of its parent, the new uid is shown in
              parentheses after the process name.

       -U     Use UTF-8 (Unicode) line drawing characters.  Under Linux
              1.1-54 and above, UTF-8 mode is entered on the console with
              echo -e ' 33%8' and left with echo -e ' 33%@'.

       -V     Display version information.

       -Z     (SELinux) Show security context for each process.  This flag
              will only work if pstree is compiled with SELinux support.

FILES         top

       /proc  location of the proc file system

BUGS         top

       Some character sets may be incompatible with the VT100 characters.

SEE ALSO         top

       ps(1), top(1).

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the psmisc (Small utilities that use the /proc
       filesystem) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for
       this manual page, see ⟨⟩.
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2020-09-18.  (At that time,
       the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository
       was 2020-09-09.)  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML
       version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-
       date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to
       the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to

psmisc                           2020-09-09                        PSTREE(1)

Pages that refer to this page: procps(1)ps(1)proc(5)procfs(5)