newgrp(1) — Linux manual page


NEWGRP(1)                     User Commands                    NEWGRP(1)

NAME         top

       newgrp - log in to a new group

SYNOPSIS         top

       newgrp [-] [group]

DESCRIPTION         top

       The newgrp command is used to change the current group ID during
       a login session. If the optional - flag is given, the user's
       environment will be reinitialized as though the user had logged
       in, otherwise the current environment, including current working
       directory, remains unchanged.

       newgrp changes the current real group ID to the named group, or
       to the default group listed in /etc/passwd if no group name is
       given.  newgrp also tries to add the group to the user groupset.
       If not root, the user will be prompted for a password if she does
       not have a password (in /etc/shadow if this user has an entry in
       the shadowed password file, or in /etc/passwd otherwise) and the
       group does, or if the user is not listed as a member and the
       group has a password. The user will be denied access if the group
       password is empty and the user is not listed as a member.

       If there is an entry for this group in /etc/gshadow, then the
       list of members and the password of this group will be taken from
       this file, otherwise, the entry in /etc/group is considered.


       The following configuration variables in /etc/login.defs change
       the behavior of this tool:

       SYSLOG_SG_ENAB (boolean)
           Enable "syslog" logging of sg activity.

FILES         top

           User account information.

           Secure user account information.

           Group account information.

           Secure group account information.

SEE ALSO         top

       id(1), login(1), su(1), sg(1), gpasswd(1), group(5), gshadow(5).

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the shadow-utils (utilities for managing
       accounts and shadow password files) project.  Information about
       the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug
       report for this manual page, send it to  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-12-15.)  If you discover any rendering
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shadow-utils 4.11.1            12/22/2023                      NEWGRP(1)

Pages that refer to this page: flock(1)gpasswd(1)groups(1@@shadow-utils)pmdammv(1)sg(1)group(5)gshadow(5)credentials(7)