git-daemon(1) — Linux manual page


GIT-DAEMON(1)                    Git Manual                    GIT-DAEMON(1)

NAME         top

       git-daemon - A really simple server for Git repositories

SYNOPSIS         top

       git daemon [--verbose] [--syslog] [--export-all]
                    [--timeout=<n>] [--init-timeout=<n>] [--max-connections=<n>]
                    [--strict-paths] [--base-path=<path>] [--base-path-relaxed]
                    [--user-path | --user-path=<path>]
                    [--reuseaddr] [--detach] [--pid-file=<file>]
                    [--enable=<service>] [--disable=<service>]
                    [--allow-override=<service>] [--forbid-override=<service>]
                    [--access-hook=<path>] [--[no-]informative-errors]
                    [--inetd |
                     [--listen=<host_or_ipaddr>] [--port=<n>]
                     [--user=<user> [--group=<group>]]]

DESCRIPTION         top

       A really simple TCP Git daemon that normally listens on port
       "DEFAULT_GIT_PORT" aka 9418. It waits for a connection asking for a
       service, and will serve that service if it is enabled.

       It verifies that the directory has the magic file
       "git-daemon-export-ok", and it will refuse to export any Git
       directory that hasn’t explicitly been marked for export this way
       (unless the --export-all parameter is specified). If you pass some
       directory paths as git daemon arguments, you can further restrict the
       offers to a whitelist comprising of those.

       By default, only upload-pack service is enabled, which serves git
       fetch-pack and git ls-remote clients, which are invoked from git
       fetch, git pull, and git clone.

       This is ideally suited for read-only updates, i.e., pulling from Git

       An upload-archive also exists to serve git archive.

OPTIONS         top

           Match paths exactly (i.e. don’t allow "/foo/repo" when the real
           path is "/foo/repo.git" or "/foo/repo/.git") and don’t do
           user-relative paths.  git daemon will refuse to start when this
           option is enabled and no whitelist is specified.

           Remap all the path requests as relative to the given path. This
           is sort of "Git root" - if you run git daemon with
           --base-path=/srv/git on, then if you later try to
           pull git://, git daemon will interpret the
           path as /srv/git/hello.git.

           If --base-path is enabled and repo lookup fails, with this option
           git daemon will attempt to lookup without prefixing the base
           path. This is useful for switching to --base-path usage, while
           still allowing the old paths.

           To support virtual hosting, an interpolated path template can be
           used to dynamically construct alternate paths. The template
           supports %H for the target hostname as supplied by the client but
           converted to all lowercase, %CH for the canonical hostname, %IP
           for the server’s IP address, %P for the port number, and %D for
           the absolute path of the named repository. After interpolation,
           the path is validated against the directory whitelist.

           Allow pulling from all directories that look like Git
           repositories (have the objects and refs subdirectories), even if
           they do not have the git-daemon-export-ok file.

           Have the server run as an inetd service. Implies --syslog (may be
           overridden with --log-destination=). Incompatible with --detach,
           --port, --listen, --user and --group options.

           Listen on a specific IP address or hostname. IP addresses can be
           either an IPv4 address or an IPv6 address if supported. If IPv6
           is not supported, then --listen=hostname is also not supported
           and --listen must be given an IPv4 address. Can be given more
           than once. Incompatible with --inetd option.

           Listen on an alternative port. Incompatible with --inetd option.

           Timeout (in seconds) between the moment the connection is
           established and the client request is received (typically a
           rather low value, since that should be basically immediate).

           Timeout (in seconds) for specific client sub-requests. This
           includes the time it takes for the server to process the
           sub-request and the time spent waiting for the next client’s

           Maximum number of concurrent clients, defaults to 32. Set it to
           zero for no limit.

           Short for --log-destination=syslog.

           Send log messages to the specified destination. Note that this
           option does not imply --verbose, thus by default only error
           conditions will be logged. The <destination> must be one of:

               Write to standard error. Note that if --detach is specified,
               the process disconnects from the real standard error, making
               this destination effectively equivalent to none.

               Write to syslog, using the git-daemon identifier.

               Disable all logging.

           The default destination is syslog if --inetd or --detach is
           specified, otherwise stderr.

       --user-path, --user-path=<path>
           Allow ~user notation to be used in requests. When specified with
           no parameter, requests to git://host/~alice/foo is taken as a
           request to access foo repository in the home directory of user
           alice. If --user-path=path is specified, the same request is
           taken as a request to access path/foo repository in the home
           directory of user alice.

           Log details about the incoming connections and requested files.

           Use SO_REUSEADDR when binding the listening socket. This allows
           the server to restart without waiting for old connections to time

           Detach from the shell. Implies --syslog.

           Save the process id in file. Ignored when the daemon is run under

       --user=<user>, --group=<group>
           Change daemon’s uid and gid before entering the service loop.
           When only --user is given without --group, the primary group ID
           for the user is used. The values of the option are given to
           getpwnam(3) and getgrnam(3) and numeric IDs are not supported.

           Giving these options is an error when used with --inetd; use the
           facility of inet daemon to achieve the same before spawning git
           daemon if needed.

           Like many programs that switch user id, the daemon does not reset
           environment variables such as $HOME when it runs git programs,
           e.g.  upload-pack and receive-pack. When using this option, you
           may also want to set and export HOME to point at the home
           directory of <user> before starting the daemon, and make sure any
           Git configuration files in that directory are readable by <user>.

       --enable=<service>, --disable=<service>
           Enable/disable the service site-wide per default. Note that a
           service disabled site-wide can still be enabled per repository if
           it is marked overridable and the repository enables the service
           with a configuration item.

       --allow-override=<service>, --forbid-override=<service>
           Allow/forbid overriding the site-wide default with per repository
           configuration. By default, all the services may be overridden.

           When informative errors are turned on, git-daemon will report
           more verbose errors to the client, differentiating conditions
           like "no such repository" from "repository not exported". This is
           more convenient for clients, but may leak information about the
           existence of unexported repositories. When informative errors are
           not enabled, all errors report "access denied" to the client. The
           default is --no-informative-errors.

           Every time a client connects, first run an external command
           specified by the <path> with service name (e.g. "upload-pack"),
           path to the repository, hostname (%H), canonical hostname (%CH),
           IP address (%IP), and TCP port (%P) as its command-line
           arguments. The external command can decide to decline the service
           by exiting with a non-zero status (or to allow it by exiting with
           a zero status). It can also look at the $REMOTE_ADDR and
           $REMOTE_PORT environment variables to learn about the requestor
           when making this decision.

           The external command can optionally write a single line to its
           standard output to be sent to the requestor as an error message
           when it declines the service.

           A directory to add to the whitelist of allowed directories.
           Unless --strict-paths is specified this will also include
           subdirectories of each named directory.

SERVICES         top

       These services can be globally enabled/disabled using the
       command-line options of this command. If finer-grained control is
       desired (e.g. to allow git archive to be run against only in a few
       selected repositories the daemon serves), the per-repository
       configuration file can be used to enable or disable them.

           This serves git fetch-pack and git ls-remote clients. It is
           enabled by default, but a repository can disable it by setting
           daemon.uploadpack configuration item to false.

           This serves git archive --remote. It is disabled by default, but
           a repository can enable it by setting daemon.uploadarch
           configuration item to true.

           This serves git send-pack clients, allowing anonymous push. It is
           disabled by default, as there is no authentication in the
           protocol (in other words, anybody can push anything into the
           repository, including removal of refs). This is solely meant for
           a closed LAN setting where everybody is friendly. This service
           can be enabled by setting daemon.receivepack configuration item
           to true.

EXAMPLES         top

       We assume the following in /etc/services

               $ grep 9418 /etc/services
               git             9418/tcp                # Git Version Control System

       git daemon as inetd server
           To set up git daemon as an inetd service that handles any
           repository under the whitelisted set of directories, /pub/foo and
           /pub/bar, place an entry like the following into /etc/inetd all
           on one line:

                       git stream tcp nowait nobody  /usr/bin/git
                               git daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all
                               /pub/foo /pub/bar

       git daemon as inetd server for virtual hosts
           To set up git daemon as an inetd service that handles
           repositories for different virtual hosts, and
 , place an entry like the following into
           /etc/inetd all on one line:

                       git stream tcp nowait nobody /usr/bin/git
                               git daemon --inetd --verbose --export-all

           In this example, the root-level directory /pub will contain a
           subdirectory for each virtual host name supported. Further, both
           hosts advertise repositories simply as
           git:// For pre-1.4.0 clients, a
           symlink from /software into the appropriate default repository
           could be made as well.

       git daemon as regular daemon for virtual hosts
           To set up git daemon as a regular, non-inetd service that handles
           repositories for multiple virtual hosts based on their IP
           addresses, start the daemon like this:

                       git daemon --verbose --export-all

           In this example, the root-level directory /pub will contain a
           subdirectory for each virtual host IP address supported.
           Repositories can still be accessed by hostname though, assuming
           they correspond to these IP addresses.

       selectively enable/disable services per repository
           To enable git archive --remote and disable git fetch against a
           repository, have the following in the configuration file in the
           repository (that is the file config next to HEAD, refs and

                               uploadpack = false
                               uploadarch = true

ENVIRONMENT         top

       git daemon will set REMOTE_ADDR to the IP address of the client that
       connected to it, if the IP address is available. REMOTE_ADDR will be
       available in the environment of hooks called when services are

GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       see ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨⟩ on
       2020-07-14.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that
       was found in the repository was 2020-07-09.)  If you discover any
       rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe
       there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Git 2.28.0.rc0                   07/14/2020                    GIT-DAEMON(1)

Pages that refer to this page: git(1)git-cvsserver(1)git-shell(1)gitweb(1)giteveryday(7)