getfacl(1) — Linux manual page


GETFACL(1)                Access Control Lists                GETFACL(1)

NAME         top

       getfacl - get file access control lists

SYNOPSIS         top

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] file ...

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] -

DESCRIPTION         top

       For each file, getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group,
       and the Access Control List (ACL). If a directory has a default
       ACL, getfacl also displays the default ACL. Non-directories
       cannot have default ACLs.

       If getfacl is used on a file system that does not support ACLs,
       getfacl displays the access permissions defined by the
       traditional file mode permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
               1:  # file: somedir/
               2:  # owner: lisa
               3:  # group: staff
               4:  # flags: -s-
               5:  user::rwx
               6:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
               7:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
               8:  group:cool:r-x
               9:  mask::r-x
              10:  other::r-x
              11:  default:user::rwx
              12:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
              13:  default:group::r-x
              14:  default:mask::r-x
              15:  default:other::---

       Lines 1--3 indicate the file name, owner, and owning group.

       Line 4 indicates the setuid (s), setgid (s), and sticky (t) bits:
       either the letter representing the bit, or else a dash (-). This
       line is included if any of those bits is set and left out
       otherwise, so it will not be shown for most files. (See

       Lines 5, 7 and 10 correspond to the user, group and other fields
       of the file mode permission bits. These three are called the base
       ACL entries. Lines 6 and 8 are named user and named group
       entries. Line 9 is the effective rights mask. This entry limits
       the effective rights granted to all groups and to named users.
       (The file owner and others permissions are not affected by the
       effective rights mask; all other entries are.)  Lines 11--15
       display the default ACL associated with this directory.
       Directories may have a default ACL. Regular files never have a
       default ACL.

       The default behavior for getfacl is to display both the ACL and
       the default ACL, and to include an effective rights comment for
       lines where the rights of the entry differ from the effective

       If output is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is
       aligned to column 40. Otherwise, a single tab character separates
       the ACL entry and the effective rights comment.

       The ACL listings of multiple files are separated by blank lines.
       The output of getfacl can also be used as input to setfacl.

       Process with search access to a file (i.e., processes with read
       access to the containing directory of a file) are also granted
       read access to the file's ACLs.  This is analogous to the
       permissions required for accessing the file mode.

OPTIONS         top

       -a, --access
           Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
           Display the default access control list.

       -c, --omit-header
           Do not display the comment header (the first three lines of
           each file's output).

       -e, --all-effective
           Print all effective rights comments, even if identical to the
           rights defined by the ACL entry.

       -E, --no-effective
           Do not print effective rights comments.

       -s, --skip-base
           Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group,

       -R, --recursive
           List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
           Logical walk, follow symbolic links to directories. The
           default behavior is to follow symbolic link arguments, and
           skip symbolic links encountered in subdirectories.  Only
           effective in combination with -R.

       -P, --physical
           Physical walk, do not follow symbolic links to directories.
           This also skips symbolic link arguments.  Only effective in
           combination with -R.

       -t, --tabular
           Use an alternative tabular output format. The ACL and the
           default ACL are displayed side by side. Permissions that are
           ineffective due to the ACL mask entry are displayed
           capitalized. The entry tag names for the ACL_USER_OBJ and
           ACL_GROUP_OBJ entries are also displayed in capital letters,
           which helps in spotting those entries.

       -p, --absolute-names
           Do not strip leading slash characters (`/'). The default
           behavior is to strip leading slash characters.

       -n, --numeric
           List numeric user and group IDs

       -v, --version
           Print the version of getfacl and exit.

       -h, --help
           Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End of command line options. All remaining parameters are
           interpreted as file names, even if they start with a dash

       -   If the file name parameter is a single dash character,
           getfacl reads a list of files from standard input.


       If the environment variable POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the
       default behavior of getfacl changes in the following ways: Unless
       otherwise specified, only the ACL is printed. The default ACL is
       only printed if the -d option is given. If no command line
       parameter is given, getfacl behaves as if it was invoked as
       ``getfacl -''.  No flags comments indicating the setuid, setgid,
       and sticky bits are generated.

AUTHOR         top

       Andreas Gruenbacher, <>.

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.

SEE ALSO         top

       setfacl(1), acl(5)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the acl (manipulating access control lists)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug
       report for this manual page, see
       ⟨⟩.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on 2024-06-14.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2024-04-25.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

May 2000                   ACL File Utilities                 GETFACL(1)

Pages that refer to this page: chacl(1)setfacl(1)tmpfiles.d(5)