getfacl(1) — Linux manual page


GETFACL(1)                  Access Control Lists                  GETFACL(1)

NAME         top

       getfacl - get file access control lists

SYNOPSIS         top

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] file ...

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] -

DESCRIPTION         top

       For each file, getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and
       the Access Control List (ACL). If a directory has a default ACL,
       getfacl also displays the default ACL. Non-directories cannot have
       default ACLs.

       If getfacl is used on a file system that does not support ACLs,
       getfacl displays the access permissions defined by the traditional
       file mode permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
               1:  # file: somedir/
               2:  # owner: lisa
               3:  # group: staff
               4:  # flags: -s-
               5:  user::rwx
               6:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
               7:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
               8:  group:cool:r-x
               9:  mask::r-x
              10:  other::r-x
              11:  default:user::rwx
              12:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
              13:  default:group::r-x
              14:  default:mask::r-x
              15:  default:other::---

       Lines 1--3 indicate the file name, owner, and owning group.

       Line 4 indicates the setuid (s), setgid (s), and sticky (t) bits:
       either the letter representing the bit, or else a dash (-). This line
       is included if any of those bits is set and left out otherwise, so it
       will not be shown for most files. (See CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e
       DRAFT STANDARD 17 below.)

       Lines 5, 7 and 10 correspond to the user, group and other fields of
       the file mode permission bits. These three are called the base ACL
       entries. Lines 6 and 8 are named user and named group entries. Line 9
       is the effective rights mask. This entry limits the effective rights
       granted to all groups and to named users. (The file owner and others
       permissions are not affected by the effective rights mask; all other
       entries are.)  Lines 11--15 display the default ACL associated with
       this directory. Directories may have a default ACL. Regular files
       never have a default ACL.

       The default behavior for getfacl is to display both the ACL and the
       default ACL, and to include an effective rights comment for lines
       where the rights of the entry differ from the effective rights.

       If output is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is aligned
       to column 40. Otherwise, a single tab character separates the ACL
       entry and the effective rights comment.

       The ACL listings of multiple files are separated by blank lines.  The
       output of getfacl can also be used as input to setfacl.

       Process with search access to a file (i.e., processes with read
       access to the containing directory of a file) are also granted read
       access to the file's ACLs.  This is analogous to the permissions
       required for accessing the file mode.

OPTIONS         top

       -a, --access
           Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
           Display the default access control list.

       -c, --omit-header
           Do not display the comment header (the first three lines of each
           file's output).

       -e, --all-effective
           Print all effective rights comments, even if identical to the
           rights defined by the ACL entry.

       -E, --no-effective
           Do not print effective rights comments.

       -s, --skip-base
           Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group,

       -R, --recursive
           List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
           Logical walk, follow symbolic links to directories. The default
           behavior is to follow symbolic link arguments, and skip symbolic
           links encountered in subdirectories.  Only effective in
           combination with -R.

       -P, --physical
           Physical walk, do not follow symbolic links to directories. This
           also skips symbolic link arguments.  Only effective in
           combination with -R.

       -t, --tabular
           Use an alternative tabular output format. The ACL and the default
           ACL are displayed side by side. Permissions that are ineffective
           due to the ACL mask entry are displayed capitalized. The entry
           tag names for the ACL_USER_OBJ and ACL_GROUP_OBJ entries are also
           displayed in capital letters, which helps in spotting those

       -p, --absolute-names
           Do not strip leading slash characters (`/'). The default behavior
           is to strip leading slash characters.

       -n, --numeric
           List numeric user and group IDs

       -v, --version
           Print the version of getfacl and exit.

       -h, --help
           Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End of command line options. All remaining parameters are
           interpreted as file names, even if they start with a dash

       -   If the file name parameter is a single dash character, getfacl
           reads a list of files from standard input.


       If the environment variable POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default
       behavior of getfacl changes in the following ways: Unless otherwise
       specified, only the ACL is printed. The default ACL is only printed
       if the -d option is given. If no command line parameter is given,
       getfacl behaves as if it was invoked as ``getfacl -''.  No flags
       comments indicating the setuid, setgid, and sticky bits are

AUTHOR         top

       Andreas Gruenbacher, <>.

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.

SEE ALSO         top

       setfacl(1), acl(5)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the acl (manipulating access control lists)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report
       for this manual page, see
       ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on 2020-09-18.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repos‐
       itory was 2020-09-03.)  If you discover any rendering problems in
       this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to

May 2000                     ACL File Utilities                   GETFACL(1)

Pages that refer to this page: chacl(1)setfacl(1)tmpfiles.d(5)