cat1(1) — Linux manual page


CAT(1)                          User Commands                         CAT(1)

NAME         top

   cat - concatenate files and print on the standard output

SYNOPSIS         top

   cat [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION         top

   Concatenate FILE(s) to standard output.

   With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

   -A, --show-all
          equivalent to -vET

   -b, --number-nonblank
          number nonempty output lines, overrides -n

   -e     equivalent to -vE

   -E, --show-ends
          display $ at end of each line

   -n, --number
          number all output lines

   -s, --squeeze-blank
          suppress repeated empty output lines

   -t     equivalent to -vT

   -T, --show-tabs
          display TAB characters as ^I

   -u     (ignored)

   -v, --show-nonprinting
          use ^ and M- notation, except for LFD and TAB

   --help display this help and exit

          output version information and exit

EXAMPLES         top

   cat f - g
          Output f's contents, then standard input, then g's contents.

   cat    Copy standard input to standard output.

AUTHOR         top

   Written by Torbjorn Granlund and Richard M. Stallman.

REPORTING BUGS         top

   GNU coreutils online help: <>
   Report any translation bugs to <>

COPYRIGHT         top

   Copyright © 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
   GPL version 3 or later <>.
   This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
   There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO         top


   Full documentation <>
   or available locally via: info '(coreutils) cat invocation'

COLOPHON         top

   This page is part of the coreutils (basic file, shell and text
   manipulation utilities) project.  Information about the project can
   be found at ⟨⟩.  If you have a
   bug report for this manual page, see
   ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained
   from the tarball coreutils-8.32.tar.xz fetched from
   ⟨⟩ on 2020-11-01.  If you discover
   any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you be‐
   lieve there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
   you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
   COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail

GNU coreutils 8.32               March 2020                           CAT(1)

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