selinux_restorecon() restores file default security contexts on
filesystems that support extended attributes (see xattr(7)), based
pathname containing a directory or file to be relabeled.
If this is a directory and the restorecon_flagsSELINUX_RESTORECON_RECURSE has been set (for descending
through directories), then selinux_restorecon() will write an
SHA1 digest of the combined specfiles (see the NOTES section
for details) to an extended attribute of
security.restorecon_last once the relabeling has been
completed successfully. This digest will be checked should
selinux_restorecon() be rerun with the restorecon_flagsSELINUX_RESTORECON_RECURSE flag set. If any of the specfiles
had been updated, the digest will also be updated. However if
the digest is the same, no relabeling checks will take place
(unless the SELINUX_RESTORECON_IGNORE_DIGEST flag is set).
restorecon_flags contains the labeling option/rules as
SELINUX_RESTORECON_IGNORE_DIGEST force the checking of
labels even if the stored SHA1 digest matches the
specfiles SHA1 digest. The specfiles digest will be
written to the security.restorecon_last extended
attribute once relabeling has been completed
successfully provided the SELINUX_RESTORECON_NOCHANGE
flag has not been set.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_NOCHANGE don't change any file
labels (passive check) or update the digest in the
security.restorecon_last extended attribute.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_SET_SPECFILE_CTX If set, reset the
files label to match the default specfile context. If
not set only reset the files "type" component of the
context to match the default specfile context.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_RECURSE change file and directory
labels recursively (descend directories) and if
successful write an SHA1 digest of the combined
specfiles to an extended attribute as described in the
SELINUX_RESTORECON_VERBOSE log file label changes.
Note that if SELINUX_RESTORECON_VERBOSE and
SELINUX_RESTORECON_PROGRESS flags are set, then
SELINUX_RESTORECON_PROGRESS will take
SELINUX_RESTORECON_PROGRESS show progress by outputting
the number of files in 1k blocks processed to stdout.
If the SELINUX_RESTORECON_MASS_RELABEL flag is also set
then the approximate percentage complete will be shown.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_MASS_RELABEL generally set when
relabeling the entire OS, that will then show the
approximate percentage complete. The
SELINUX_RESTORECON_PROGRESS flag must also be set.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_REALPATH convert passed-in pathname
to the canonical pathname using realpath(3).
SELINUX_RESTORECON_XDEV prevent descending into
directories that have a different device number than
the pathname entry from which the descent began.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_ADD_ASSOC attempt to add an
association between an inode and a specification. If
there is already an association for the inode and it
conflicts with the specification, then use the last
SELINUX_RESTORECON_ABORT_ON_ERROR abort on errors
during the file tree walk.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_SYSLOG_CHANGES log any label changes
SELINUX_RESTORECON_LOG_MATCHES log what specfile
context matched each file.
SELINUX_RESTORECON_IGNORE_NOENTRY ignore files that do
SELINUX_RESTORECON_IGNORE_MOUNTS do not read
/proc/mounts to obtain a list of non-seclabel mounts to
be excluded from relabeling checks.
Setting SELINUX_RESTORECON_IGNORE_MOUNTS is useful
where there is a non-seclabel fs mounted with a
seclabel fs mounted on a directory below this.
The behavior regarding the checking and updating of the SHA1
digest described above is the default behavior. It is possible
to change this by first calling selabel_open(3) and not
enabling the SELABEL_OPT_DIGEST option, then calling
selinux_restorecon_set_sehandle(3) to set the handle to be
used by selinux_restorecon(3).
If the pathname is a directory path, then it is possible to
set directories to be excluded from the path by calling
selinux_restorecon_set_exclude_list(3) with a NULL terminated
list before calling selinux_restorecon(3).
By default selinux_restorecon(3) reads /proc/mounts to obtain
a list of non-seclabel mounts to be excluded from relabeling
checks unless the SELINUX_RESTORECON_IGNORE_MOUNTS flag has
1. To improve performance when relabeling file systems recursively
(e.g. the restorecon_flagsSELINUX_RESTORECON_RECURSE flag is
set) selinux_restorecon() will write an SHA1 digest of the
specfiles that are processed by selabel_open(3) to an extended
attribute named security.restorecon_last to the directory
specified in the pathname.
2. To check the extended attribute entry use getfattr(1), for
getfattr -e hex -n security.restorecon_last /
3. The SHA1 digest is calculated by selabel_open(3) concatenating
the specfiles it reads during initialisation with the resulting
digest and list of specfiles being retrieved by
4. The specfiles consist of the mandatory file_contexts file plus
any subs, subs_dist, local and homedir entries (text or binary
versions) as determined by any selabel_open(3) options e.g.
Should any of the specfiles have changed, then when
selinux_restorecon() is run again with the
SELINUX_RESTORECON_RECURSE flag set, a new SHA1 digest will be
calculated and all files will be automatically relabeled
depending on the settings of the
SELINUX_RESTORECON_SET_SPECFILE_CTX flag (provided
SELINUX_RESTORECON_NOCHANGE is not set).
5. /sys and in-memory filesystems do not support the
security.restorecon_last extended attribute and are automatically
excluded from any relabeling checks.
6. By default stderr is used to log output messages and errors. This
may be changed by calling selinux_set_callback(3) with the
SELINUX_CB_LOG type option.
This page is part of the selinux (Security-Enhanced Linux user-space
libraries and tools) project. Information about the project can be
found at ⟨https://github.com/SELinuxProject/selinux/wiki⟩. If you
have a bug report for this manual page, see
page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/SELinuxProject/selinux⟩ on 2017-03-13. If you
discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or
you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page,
or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
Security Enhanced Linux 20 Oct 2015 selinux_restorecon(3)