This manual page describes the restorecon program.
This program is primarily used to set the security context (extended
attributes) on one or more files.
It can also be run at any other time to correct inconsistent labels,
to add support for newly-installed policy or, by using the -n option,
to passively check whether the file contexts are all set as specified
by the active policy (default behavior).
If a file object does not have a context, restorecon will write the
default context to the file object's extended attributes. If a file
object has a context, restorecon will only modify the type portion of
the security context. The -F option will force a replacement of the
If a file is labeled with customizable SELinux type (for list of
customizable types see
won't reset the label unless the -F option is used.
It is the same executable as setfiles but operates in a slightly
different manner depending on its argv.
exclude a directory (repeat the option to exclude more than
one directory, Requires full path).
-f infilenameinfilename contains a list of files to be processed. Use “-”
-F Force reset of context to match file_context for customizable
files, and the default file context, changing the user, role,
range portion as well as the type.
-h, -? display usage information and exit.
-i ignore files that do not exist.
-I ignore digest to force checking of labels even if the stored
SHA1 digest matches the specfiles SHA1 digest. The digest will
then be updated provided there are no errors. See the NOTES
section for further details.
-D Set or update any directory SHA1 digests. Use this option to
enable usage of the security.restorecon_last extended
-m do not read /proc/mounts to obtain a list of non-seclabel
mounts to be excluded from relabeling checks. Setting this
option is useful where there is a non-seclabel fs mounted with
a seclabel fs mounted on a directory below this.
-n don't change any file labels (passive check). To display the
files whose labels would be changed, add -v.
Deprecated - This option is no longer supported.
-p show progress by printing the number of files in 1k blocks
unless relabeling the entire OS, that will then show the
approximate percentage complete. Note that the -p and -v
options are mutually exclusive.
-R, -r change files and directories file labels recursively (descend
-v show changes in file labels. Multiple -v options increase the
verbosity. Note that the -v and -p options are mutually
-W display warnings about entries that had no matching files by
outputting the selabel_stats(3) results.
-0 the separator for the input items is assumed to be the null
character (instead of the white space). The quotes and the
backslash characters are also treated as normal characters
that can form valid input. This option finally also disables
the end of file string, which is treated like any other
argument. Useful when input items might contain white space,
quote marks or backslashes. The -print0 option of GNU find
produces input suitable for this mode.
1. restorecon does not follow symbolic links and by default it does
not operate recursively on directories.
2. If the pathname specifies the root directory and the -vR or -vr
options are set and the audit system is running, then an audit
event is automatically logged stating that a "mass relabel" took
place using the message label FS_RELABEL.
3. To improve performance when relabeling file systems recursively
(i.e. the -R or -r option is set), the -D option to restorecon
will cause it to store a SHA1 digest of the default specfiles set
in an extended attribute named security.restorecon_last on the
directory specified in each pathname ... once the relabeling has
been completed successfully. This digest will be checked should
restorecon -D be rerun with the same pathname parameters. See
selinux_restorecon(3) for further details.
The -I option will ignore the SHA1 digest from each directory
specified in pathname ... and provided the -n option is NOT set
and recursive mode is set, files will be relabeled as required
with the digest then being updated provided there are no errors.
This man page was written by Dan Walsh <email@example.com>. Some of
the content of this man page was taken from the setfiles man page
written by Russell Coker <firstname.lastname@example.org>. The program was
written by Dan Walsh <email@example.com>.
This page is part of the selinux (Security-Enhanced Linux user-space
libraries and tools) project. Information about the project can be
found at ⟨https://github.com/SELinuxProject/selinux/wiki⟩. If you
have a bug report for this manual page, see
page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/SELinuxProject/selinux⟩ on 2017-03-13. If you
discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or
you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page,
or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
10 June 2016 restorecon(8)