NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | SPECIFYING THE REFS | GIT | COLOPHON

GIT-SEND-PACK(1)                 Git Manual                 GIT-SEND-PACK(1)

NAME         top

       git-send-pack - Push objects over Git protocol to another repository

SYNOPSIS         top

       git send-pack [--all] [--dry-run] [--force] [--receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>]
                       [--verbose] [--thin] [--atomic]
                       [--[no-]signed|--sign=(true|false|if-asked)]
                       [<host>:]<directory> [<ref>...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Usually you would want to use git push, which is a higher-level
       wrapper of this command, instead. See git-push(1).

       Invokes git-receive-pack on a possibly remote repository, and updates
       it from the current repository, sending named refs.

OPTIONS         top

       --receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>
           Path to the git-receive-pack program on the remote end. Sometimes
           useful when pushing to a remote repository over ssh, and you do
           not have the program in a directory on the default $PATH.

       --exec=<git-receive-pack>
           Same as --receive-pack=<git-receive-pack>.

       --all
           Instead of explicitly specifying which refs to update, update all
           heads that locally exist.

       --stdin
           Take the list of refs from stdin, one per line. If there are refs
           specified on the command line in addition to this option, then
           the refs from stdin are processed after those on the command
           line.

           If --stateless-rpc is specified together with this option then
           the list of refs must be in packet format (pkt-line). Each ref
           must be in a separate packet, and the list must end with a flush
           packet.

       --dry-run
           Do everything except actually send the updates.

       --force
           Usually, the command refuses to update a remote ref that is not
           an ancestor of the local ref used to overwrite it. This flag
           disables the check. What this means is that the remote repository
           can lose commits; use it with care.

       --verbose
           Run verbosely.

       --thin
           Send a "thin" pack, which records objects in deltified form based
           on objects not included in the pack to reduce network traffic.

       --atomic
           Use an atomic transaction for updating the refs. If any of the
           refs fails to update then the entire push will fail without
           changing any refs.

       --[no-]signed, --sign=(true|false|if-asked)
           GPG-sign the push request to update refs on the receiving side,
           to allow it to be checked by the hooks and/or be logged. If false
           or --no-signed, no signing will be attempted. If true or
           --signed, the push will fail if the server does not support
           signed pushes. If set to if-asked, sign if and only if the server
           supports signed pushes. The push will also fail if the actual
           call to gpg --sign fails. See git-receive-pack(1) for the details
           on the receiving end.

       <host>
           A remote host to house the repository. When this part is
           specified, git-receive-pack is invoked via ssh.

       <directory>
           The repository to update.

       <ref>...
           The remote refs to update.

SPECIFYING THE REFS         top

       There are three ways to specify which refs to update on the remote
       end.

       With --all flag, all refs that exist locally are transferred to the
       remote side. You cannot specify any <ref> if you use this flag.

       Without --all and without any <ref>, the heads that exist both on the
       local side and on the remote side are updated.

       When one or more <ref> are specified explicitly (whether on the
       command line or via --stdin), it can be either a single pattern, or a
       pair of such pattern separated by a colon ":" (this means that a ref
       name cannot have a colon in it). A single pattern <name> is just a
       shorthand for <name>:<name>.

       Each pattern pair consists of the source side (before the colon) and
       the destination side (after the colon). The ref to be pushed is
       determined by finding a match that matches the source side, and where
       it is pushed is determined by using the destination side. The rules
       used to match a ref are the same rules used by git rev-parse to
       resolve a symbolic ref name. See git-rev-parse(1).

       ·   It is an error if <src> does not match exactly one of the local
           refs.

       ·   It is an error if <dst> matches more than one remote refs.

       ·   If <dst> does not match any remote ref, either

           ·   it has to start with "refs/"; <dst> is used as the
               destination literally in this case.

           ·   <src> == <dst> and the ref that matched the <src> must not
               exist in the set of remote refs; the ref matched <src>
               locally is used as the name of the destination.

       Without ‘--force`, the <src> ref is stored at the remote only if
       <dst> does not exist, or <dst> is a proper subset (i.e. an ancestor)
       of <src>. This check, known as "fast-forward check", is performed in
       order to avoid accidentally overwriting the remote ref and lose other
       peoples’ commits from there.

       With --force, the fast-forward check is disabled for all refs.

       Optionally, a <ref> parameter can be prefixed with a plus + sign to
       disable the fast-forward check only on that ref.

GIT         top

       Part of the git(1) suite

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the git (Git distributed version control system)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨http://git-scm.com/⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       see ⟨http://git-scm.com/community⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/git/git.git⟩ on
       2017-03-13.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
       sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
       source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
       ual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

Git 2.9.2.277.g2949358           07/16/2016                 GIT-SEND-PACK(1)