tracepath(8) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | OUTPUT | SEE ALSO | AUTHOR | SECURITY | AVAILABILITY | COLOPHON

TRACEPATH(8)                       iputils                      TRACEPATH(8)

NAME         top

       tracepath - traces path to a network host discovering MTU along this
       path

SYNOPSIS         top

       tracepath [-4] [-6] [-n] [-b] [-l pktlen] [-m max_hops] [-p port]
                 [-V] {destination}

DESCRIPTION         top

       It traces the network path to destination discovering MTU along this
       path. It uses UDP port port or some random port. It is similar to
       traceroute. However, it does not require superuser privileges and has
       no fancy options.

       tracepath -6 is a good replacement for traceroute6 and classic
       example of application of Linux error queues. The situation with IPv4
       is worse, because commercial IP routers do not return enough
       information in ICMP error messages. Probably, it will change, when
       they are updated. For now it uses Van Jacobson's trick, sweeping a
       range of UDP ports to maintain trace history.

OPTIONS         top

       -4
           Use IPv4 only.

       -6
           Use IPv6 only.

       -n
           Print primarily IP addresses numerically.

       -b
           Print both: Host names and IP addresses.

       -l
           Sets the initial packet length to pktlen instead of 65535 for
           IPv4 or 128000 for IPv6.

       -m
           Set maximum hops (or maximum TTLs) to max_hops instead of 30.

       -p
           Sets the initial destination port to use.

       -V
           Print version and exit.

OUTPUT         top

           root@mops:~ # tracepath -6 3ffe:2400:0:109::2
            1?: [LOCALHOST]                              pmtu 1500
            1:  dust.inr.ac.ru                   0.411ms
            2:  dust.inr.ac.ru        asymm  1   0.390ms pmtu 1480
            2:  3ffe:2400:0:109::2               463.514ms reached
                Resume: pmtu 1480 hops 2 back 2

       The first column shows the TTL of the probe, followed by colon.
       Usually the value of TTL is obtained from the reply from the network,
       but sometimes it does not contain the necessary information and we
       have to guess it. In this case the number is followed by ?.

       The second column shows the network hop which replied to the probe.
       It is either the address of the router or the word [LOCALHOST], if
       the probe was not sent to the network.

       The rest of the line shows miscellaneous information about the path
       to the corresponding network hop. It contains the value of RTT, and
       additionally it can show Path MTU when it changes. If the path is
       asymmetric or the probe finishes before it reaches the prescribed
       hop, the difference between number of hops in forward and return
       direction is shown next to the keyword "async". This information is
       not reliable, e.g. the third line shows asymmetry of 1. This is
       because the first probe with TTL of 2 was rejected at the first hop
       due to Path MTU Discovery.

       The last line summarizes information about all the paths to the
       destination. It shows detected Path MTU, amount of hops to the
       destination and our guess about the number of hops from the
       destination to us, which can be different when the path is
       asymmetric.

SEE ALSO         top

       traceroute(8), traceroute6(8), ping(8).

AUTHOR         top

       tracepath was written by Alexey Kuznetsov <kuznet@ms2.inr.ac.ru>.

SECURITY         top

       No security issues.

       This lapidary deserves to be elaborated.  tracepath is not a
       privileged program, unlike traceroute, ping and other beasts of their
       kind.  tracepath may be executed by everyone who has enough access to
       the network to send UDP datagrams to the desired destination using
       the given port.

AVAILABILITY         top

       tracepath is part of iputils package.

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the iputils (IP utilities) project.  Information
       about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.skbuff.net/iputils/⟩.
       If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to
       yoshfuji@skbuff.net, netdev@vger.kernel.org.  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/iputils/iputils.git⟩ on 2020-09-18.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repos‐
       itory was 2020-08-29.)  If you discover any rendering problems in
       this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

iputils s20200821                                               TRACEPATH(8)

Pages that refer to this page: ip(7)arping(8)clockdiff(8)