tc-vlan(8) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

VLAN manipulation action in tc(8) LinuxVLAN manipulation action in tc(8)

NAME         top

       vlan - vlan manipulation module

SYNOPSIS         top

       tc ... action vlan { pop | pop_eth | PUSH | MODIFY | PUSH_ETH } [
               CONTROL ]

       PUSH := push [ protocol VLANPROTO ]  [ priority VLANPRIO ] id
               VLANID

       MODIFY := modify [ protocol VLANPROTO ]  [ priority VLANPRIO ] id
               VLANID

       PUSH_ETH := push_eth dst_mac LLADDR src_mac LLADDR

       CONTROL := { reclassify | pipe | drop | continue | pass | goto
               chain CHAIN_INDEX }

DESCRIPTION         top

       The vlan action allows to perform 802.1Q en- or decapsulation on
       a packet, reflected by the operation modes POP, PUSH and MODIFY.
       The POP mode is simple, as no further information is required to
       just drop the outer-most VLAN encapsulation. The PUSH and MODIFY
       modes require at least a VLANID and allow to optionally choose
       the VLANPROTO to use.

       The vlan action can also be used to add or remove the base
       Ethernet header. The pop_eth mode, which takes no argument, is
       used to remove the base Ethernet header. All existing VLANs must
       have been previously dropped. The opposite operation, adding a
       base Ethernet header, is done with the push_eth mode. In that
       case, the packet must have no MAC header (stacking MAC headers is
       not permitted). This mode is mostly useful when a previous action
       has encapsulated the whole original frame behind a network header
       and one needs to prepend an Ethernet header before forwarding the
       resulting packet.

OPTIONS         top

       pop    Decapsulation mode, no further arguments allowed.

       push   Encapsulation mode. Requires at least id option.

       modify Replace mode. Existing 802.1Q tag is replaced. Requires at
              least id option.

       pop_eth
              Ethernet header decapsulation mode. Only works on a plain
              Ethernet header: VLANs, if any, must be removed first.

       push_eth
              Ethernet header encapsulation mode. The Ethertype is
              automatically set using the network header type. Chaining
              Ethernet headers is not allowed: the packet must have no
              MAC header when using this mode. Requires the dst_mac and
              src_mac options.

       id VLANID
              Specify the VLAN ID to encapsulate into.  VLANID is an
              unsigned 16bit integer, the format is detected
              automatically (e.g. prefix with '0x' for hexadecimal
              interpretation, etc.).

       protocol VLANPROTO
              Choose the VLAN protocol to use. At the time of writing,
              the kernel accepts only 802.1Q or 802.1ad.

       priority VLANPRIO
              Choose the VLAN priority to use. Decimal number in range
              of 0-7.

       dst_mac LLADDR
              Choose the destination MAC address to use.

       src_mac LLADDR
              Choose the source MAC address to use.

       CONTROL
              How to continue after executing this action.

              reclassify
                     Restarts classification by jumping back to the
                     first filter attached to this action's parent.

              pipe   Continue with the next action, this is the default.

              drop   Packet will be dropped without running further
                     actions.

              continue
                     Continue classification with next filter in line.

              pass   Return to calling qdisc for packet processing. This
                     ends the classification process.

EXAMPLES         top

       The following example encapsulates incoming ICMP packets on eth0
       from 10.0.0.2 into VLAN ID 123:

              #tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress
              #tc filter add dev eth0 parent ffff: pref 11 protocol ip \
                   u32 match ip protocol 1 0xff flowid 1:1 \
                       match ip src 10.0.0.2 flowid 1:1 \
                   action vlan push id 123

       Here is an example of the pop function: Incoming VLAN packets on
       eth0 are decapsulated and the classification process then
       restarted for the plain packet:

              #tc qdisc add dev eth0 handle ffff: ingress
              #tc filter add dev $ETH parent ffff: pref 1 protocol 802.1Q \
                   u32 match u32 0 0 flowid 1:1 \
                   action vlan pop reclassify

       For an example of the pop_eth and push_eth modes, see tc-mpls(8).

SEE ALSO         top

       tc(8), tc-mpls(8)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the iproute2 (utilities for controlling
       TCP/IP networking and traffic) project.  Information about the
       project can be found at 
       ⟨http://www.linuxfoundation.org/collaborate/workgroups/networking/iproute2⟩.
       If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to
       netdev@vger.kernel.org, shemminger@osdl.org.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/network/iproute2/iproute2.git⟩ on
       2021-04-01.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2021-03-22.)  If you
       discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page,
       or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
       the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

iproute2                       12 Jan 20V1L5AN manipulation action in tc(8)

Pages that refer to this page: tc-actions(8)tc-mpls(8)