sysdig(8) — Linux manual page

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       sysdig - the definitive system and process troubleshooting tool

       sysdig [option]...  [filter]

       Note: if you are interested in an easier to use interface for the
       sysdig functionality, use the csysdig command line utility.

       sysdig is a tool for system troubleshooting, analysis and
       exploration.  It can be used to capture, filter and decode system
       calls and other OS events.  sysdig can be both used to inspect
       live systems, or to generate trace files that can be analyzed at
       a later stage.

       sysdig includes a powerful filtering language, has customizable
       output, and can be extended through Lua scripts, called chisels.

       Output format

       By default, sysdig prints the information for each captured event
       on a single line, with the following format:

       *%evt.num %evt.time %evt.cpu (%thread.tid) %evt.dir


       • evt.num is the incremental event number

       • evt.time is the event timestamp

       • evt.cpu is the CPU number where the event was captured

       • is the name of the process that generated the event

       • thread.tid id the TID that generated the event, which
         corresponds to the PID for single thread processes

       • evt.dir is the event direction, > for enter events and < for
         exit events

       • evt.type is the name of the event, e.g.  'open' or 'read'

       • evt.args is the list of event arguments.

       The output format can be customized with the -p switch, using any
       of the fields listed by 'sysdig -l'.

       Using -pc or -pcontainer, the default format will be changed to a
       container-friendly one:

       *%evt.num %evt.time %evt.cpu ( (%thread.tid:%thread.vtid) %evt.dir %evt.type

       Trace Files

       A trace file can be created using the -w switch:

              $ sysdig -w trace.scap

       The -s switch can be used to specify how many bytes of each data
       buffer should be saved to disk.  And filters can be used to save
       only certain events to disk:

              $ sysdig -s 2000 -w trace.scap

       Trace files can be read this using the -r switch:

              $ sysdig -r trace.scap


       sysdig filters are specified at the end of the command line.  The
       simplest filter is a basic field-value check:

              $ sysdig

       The list of available fields can be obtained with 'sysdig -l'.
       Filter expressions can use one of these comparison operators: =,
       !=, <, <=, >, >=, contains, icontains, in and exists.  e.g.

              $ sysdig contains /etc $ sysdig "evt.type in (
              'select', 'poll' )" $ sysdig exists

       Multiple checks can be combined through brackets and the
       following boolean operators: and, or, not.  e.g.

              $ sysdig "not ( contains /proc or contains


       sysdig's chisels are little scripts that analyze the sysdig event
       stream to perform useful actions.  To get the list of available
       chisels, type

              $ sysdig -cl

       To get details about a specific chisel, type

              $ sysdig -i spy_ip

       To run one of the chisels, you use the -c flag, e.g.

              $ sysdig -c topfiles_bytes

       If a chisel needs arguments, you specify them after the chisel

              $ sysdig -c spy_ip

       If a chisel has more than one argument, specify them after the
       chisel name, enclosed in quotes:

              $ sysdig -c chisel_name "arg1 arg2 arg3"

       Chisels can be combined with filters:

              $ sysdig -c topfiles_bytes "not contains /dev"

       -A, --print-ascii Only print the text portion of data buffers,
       and echo end-of-lines.  This is useful to only display human-
       readable data.

       -b, --print-base64 Print data buffers in base64.  This is useful
       for encoding binary data that needs to be used over media
       designed to handle textual data (i.e., terminal or json).

       -c chiselname chiselargs, --chisel=chiselname chiselargs run the
       specified chisel.  If the chisel require arguments, they must be
       specified in the command line after the name.

       -C filesize Break a capture into separate files, and limit the
       size of each file based on the specified number of megabytes.
       The units of filesize are millions of bytes (10^6, not 2^20).
       Use in conjunction with -W to enable automatic file rotation.
       Otherwise, new files will continue to be created until the
       capture is manually stopped.

       Files will have the name specified by -w with a counter added
       starting at 0.

       -cl, --list-chisels lists the available chisels.  Sysdig looks
       for chisels in the following directories: ./chisels, ~/.chisels
       and /usr/share/sysdig/chisels.

       -d, --displayflt Make the given filter a display one.  Setting
       this option causes the events to be filtered after being parsed
       by the state system.  Events are normally filtered before being
       analyzed, which is more efficient, but can cause state (e.g.  FD
       names) to be lost.

       -D, --debug Capture events about sysdig itself, display internal
       events in addition to system events, and print additional logging
       on standard error.

       -E, --exclude-users Don't create the user/group tables by
       querying the OS when sysdig starts.  This also means that no user
       or group info will be written to the tracefile by the -w flag.
       The user/group tables are necessary to use filter fields like or  However, creating them can increase
       sysdig's startup time.  Moreover, they contain information that
       could be privacy sensitive.

       -e numevents Break a capture into separate files, and limit the
       size of each file based on the specified number of events.  Use
       in conjunction with -W to enable automatic file rotation.
       Otherwise, new files will continue to be created until the
       capture is manually stopped.

       Files will have the name specified by -w with a counter added
       starting at 0.

       -F, --fatfile Enable fatfile mode.  When writing in fatfile mode,
       the output file will contain events that will be invisible when
       reading the file, but that are necessary to fully reconstruct the
       state.  Fatfile mode is useful when saving events to disk with an
       aggressive filter.  The filter could drop events that would cause
       the state to be updated (e.g.  clone() or open()).  With fatfile
       mode, those events are still saved to file, but 'hidden' so that
       they won't appear when reading the file.  Be aware that using
       this flag might generate substantially bigger traces files.

       --filter-proclist apply the filter to the process table.  A full
       dump of /proc is typically included in any trace file to make
       sure all the state required to decode events is in the file.
       This could cause the file to contain unwanted or sensitive
       information.  Using this flag causes the command line filter to
       be applied to the /proc dump as well.

       -G numseconds Break a capture into separate files, and limit the
       size of each file based on the specified number of seconds.  Use
       in conjunction with -W to enable automatic file rotation.
       Otherwise, new files will continue to be created until the
       capture is manually stopped.

       Files will have the name specified by -w which should include a
       time format as defined by strftime(3).  If no time format is
       specified, a counter will be used.

       -h, --help Print this page

       -H pluginname[:initconfig], --plugin pluginname[:initconfig]
       Registers a plugin, using the passed init config if present.  A
       path can also be used as pluginname.  The format of initconf is
       controlled by the plugin, refer to each plugin's documentation to
       learn about it.

       -I pluginname[:openparams], --input pluginname[:openparams]
       Capture events using the plugin with name pluginname, passing to
       the plugin the openparams string as parameters.  The format of
       inputargs is controller by the plugin, refer to each plugin's
       documentation to learn about it.  The event sources available for
       capture vary depending on which plugins have been installed.  You
       can list the plugins that have been loaded by using the -Il flag.

       -Il, --list-inputs List the loaded plugins.  Sysdig looks for
       plugins in the following directories: ./plugins, ~/.plugins,

       --plugin-config-file Load the plugin configuration from a Falco-
       compatible yaml config file.  Mixing this option with '-H' or
       '-I' is unsupported.  See the plugin section in
       <> for additional

       -i chiselname, --chisel-info=_chiselname_ Get a longer
       description and the arguments associated with a chisel found in
       the -cl option list.

       -j, --json Emit output as json, data buffer encoding will depend
       from the print format selected.

       -k, --k8s-api Enable Kubernetes support by connecting to the API
       server specified as argument.  E.g.
       "<http://admin:password@>".  The API server can
       also be specified via the environment variable SYSDIG_K8S_API.

       -K btfile | certfile:keyfile[#password][:cacertfile], --k8s-api-
       cert=_btfile | certfile:keyfile[#password][:cacertfile]_ Use the
       provided files names to authenticate user and (optionally) verify
       the K8S API server identity.  Each entry must specify full
       (absolute, or relative to the current directory) path to the
       respective file.  Private key password is optional (needed only
       if key is password protected).  CA certificate is optional.  For
       all files, only PEM file format is supported.  Specifying CA
       certificate only is obsoleted - when single entry is provided for
       this option, it will be interpreted as the name of a file
       containing bearer token.  Note that the format of this command-
       line option prohibits use of files whose names contain ':' or '#'
       characters in the file name.  Option can also be provided via the
       environment variable SYSDIG_K8S_API_CERT.

       -L, --list-events List the events that the engine supports

       -l, --list List the fields that can be used for filtering and
       output formatting.  Use -lv to get additional information for
       each field.

       --list-markdown Like -l, but produces markdown output

       -m url[,marathon-url], --mesos-api=_url[,marathon-url]_ Enable
       Mesos support by connecting to the API server specified as
       argument (e.g.  <http://admin:password@>).  Mesos
       url is required.  Marathon url is optional, defaulting to auto-
       follow - if Marathon API server is not provided, sysdig will
       attempt to retrieve (and subsequently follow, if it migrates) the
       location of Marathon API server from the Mesos master.  Note
       that, with auto-follow, sysdig will likely receive a cluster
       internal IP address for Marathon API server, so running sysdig
       with Marathon auto-follow from a node that is not part of Mesos
       cluster may not work.  Additionally, running sysdig with Mesos
       support on a node that has no containers managed by Mesos is of
       limited use because, although cluster metadata will be collected,
       there will be no Mesos/Marathon filtering capability.  The API
       servers can also be specified via the environment variable

       -M num_seconds Stop collecting after reaching

       -n num, --numevents=num
       Stop capturing after num events

       --page-faults Capture user/kernel major/minor page faults

       -P, --progress
       Print progress on stderr while processing trace files.

       -p outputformat, --print=outputformat
       Specify the format to be used when printing the events.  With -pc
       or -pcontainer will use a container-friendly format.  With -pk or
       -pkubernetes will use a kubernetes-friendly format.  With -pm or
       -pmesos will use a mesos-friendly format.  Specifying -pp on the
       command line will cause sysdig to print the default command line
       format and exit.

       -q, --quiet
       Don't print events on the screen.  Useful when dumping to disk.

       -r readfile, --read=readfile
       Read the events from readfile.

       -R, --resolve-ports Resolve port numbers to names.

       -S, --summary
       print the event summary (i.e.  the list of the top events) when
       the capture ends.

       -s len, --snaplen=len
       Capture the first len bytes of each I/O buffer.  By default, the
       first 80 bytes are captured.  Use this option with caution, it
       can generate huge trace files.

       -t timetype, --timetype=timetype
       Change the way event time is displayed.  Accepted values are h
       for human-readable string, a for absolute timestamp from epoch, r
       for relative time from the first displayed event, d for delta
       between event enter and exit, and D for delta from the previous

       -T, --force-tracers-capture
       Tell the driver to make sure full buffers are captured from
       /dev/null, to make sure that tracers are completely captured.
       Note that sysdig will enable extended /dev/null capture by itself
       after detecting that tracers are written there, but that could
       result in the truncation of some tracers at the beginning of the
       capture.  This option allows preventing that.

       Turn off output buffering.  This causes every single line emitted
       by sysdig to be flushed, which generates higher CPU usage but is
       useful when piping sysdig's output into another process or into a

       -v, --verbose
       Verbose output.  This flag will cause the full content of text
       and binary buffers to be printed on screen, instead of being
       truncated to 40 characters.  Note that data buffers length is
       still limited by the snaplen (refer to the -s flag documentation)
       -v will also make sysdig print some summary information at the
       end of the capture.

       Print version number.

       -w writefile, --write=writefile
       Write the captured events to writefile.

       -W num
       Turn on file rotation for continuous capture, and limit the
       number of files created to the specified number.  Once the cap is
       reached, older files will be overwritten (ring buffer).  Use in
       conjunction with the -C / -G / -e options to limit the size of
       each file based on number of megabytes, seconds, and/or events

       -x, --print-hex
       Print data buffers in hex.

       -X, --print-hex-ascii
       Print data buffers in hex and ASCII.

       -z, --compress
       Used with -w, enables compression for tracefiles.

       Capture all the events from the live system and print them to

              $ sysdig

       Capture all the events from the live system and save them to disk

              $ sysdig -w dumpfile.scap

       Capture all the events in the latest 24 hours and save them to
       disk organized in files containing 1 hour of system activity each

              $ sysdig -G 3600 -W 24 -w dumpfile.scap

       Read events from a file and print them to screen

              $ sysdig -r dumpfile.scap

       Prepare a sanitized version of a system capture

              $ sysdig -r dumpfile.scap 'not evt.buffer contains foo' -w

       Print all the open system calls invoked by cat

              $ sysdig and evt.type=open

       Print the name of the files opened by cat

              $ sysdig -p"" and evt.type=open

       List the available chisels

              $ sysdig -cl

       Use the spy_ip chisel to look at the data exchanged with

              $ sysdig -c spy_ip

       The global chisels directory.

       The personal chisels directory.

       • sysdig and its chisels are designed to be used with LuaJIT in
         Lua 5.1 mode.  While it is possible to use sysdig with LuaJIT
         in Lua 5.2 mode or regular Lua, some chisels may not work as

       Draios Inc.  aka sysdig <>

       csysdig(8), strace(8), tcpdump(8), lsof(8)


Pages that refer to this page: csysdig(8)