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SUDO_LOGSRVD(8) BSD System Manager's Manual SUDO_LOGSRVD(8)
sudo_logsrvd — sudo event and I/O log server
sudo_logsrvd [-hnV] [-f file] [-R percentage]
sudo_logsrvd is a high-performance log server that accepts event and I/O logs from sudo. It can be used to implement centralized logging of sudo logs. The server has two modes of operation: local and relay. By default, sudo_logsrvd stores the logs locally but it can also be configured to relay them to another server that supports the sudo_logsrv.proto(5) protocol. When not relaying, event log entries may be logged either via syslog(3) or to a local file. I/O Logs stored locally by sudo_logsrvd can be replayed via the sudoreplay(8) utility in the same way as logs generated directly by the sudoers plugin. The server also supports restarting interrupted log transfers. To distinguish completed I/O logs from incomplete ones, the I/O log timing file is set to be read-only when the log is complete. Configuration parameters for sudo_logsrvd may be specified in the sudo_logsrvd.conf(5) file or the file specified via the -f option. sudo_logsrvd rereads its configuration file when it receives SIGHUP and writes server state to the debug file (if one is configured) when it receives SIGUSR1. The options are as follows: -f file, --file=file Read configuration from file instead of the default, /etc/sudo_logsrvd.conf. -h, --help Display a short help message to the standard output and exit. -n, --no-fork Run sudo_logsrvd in the foreground instead of detaching from the terminal and becoming a daemon. -R percentage, --random-drop=percentage For each message, there is a percentage chance that the server will drop the connection. This is only intended for debugging the ability of a client to restart a connection. -V, --version Print the sudo_logsrvd version and exit. Securing server connections The I/O log data sent to sudo_logsrvd may contain sensitive information such as passwords and should be secured using Transport Layer Security (TLS). Doing so requires having a signed certificate on the server and, if tls_checkpeer is enabled in sudo_logsrvd.conf(5), a signed certificate on the client as well. The certificates can either be signed by a well-known Certificate Authority (CA), or a private CA can be used. Instructions for creating a private CA are included below in the EXAMPLES section. Debugging sudo_logsrvd sudo_logsrvd supports a flexible debugging framework that is configured via Debug lines in the sudo.conf(5) file. For more information on configuring sudo.conf(5), refer to its manual.
/etc/sudo.conf Sudo front-end configuration /etc/sudo_logsrvd.conf Sudo log server configuration file /var/log/sudo_logsrvd/incoming Directory where new journals are stored when the store_first relay setting is enabled. /var/log/sudo_logsrvd/outgoing Directory where completed journals are stored when the store_first relay setting is enabled. /var/log/sudo-io Default I/O log file location /run/sudo/sudo_logsrvd.pid Process ID file for sudo_logsrvd
Creating self-signed certificates Unless you are using certificates signed by a well-known Certificate Authority (or a local enterprise CA), you will need to create your own CA that can sign the certificates used by sudo_logsrvd, sudo_sendlog, and the sudoers plugin. The following steps use the openssl(1) command to create keys and certificates. Initial setup First, we need to create a directory structure to store the files for the CA. We'll create a new directory hierarchy in /etc/ssl/sudo for this purpose. # mkdir /etc/ssl/sudo # cd /etc/ssl/sudo # mkdir certs csr newcerts private # chmod 700 private # touch index.txt # echo 1000 > serial The serial and index.txt files are used to keep track of signed certificates. Next, we need to make a copy of the openssl.conf file and customize it for our new CA. The path to openssl.cnf is system-dependent but /etc/ssl/openssl.cnf is the most common location. You will need to adjust the example below if it has a different location on your system. # cp /etc/ssl/openssl.cnf . Now edit the openssl.cnf file in the current directory and make sure it contains “ca”, “CA_default”, “v3_ca”, and “usr_cert” sections. Those sections should include at least the following settings: [ ca ] default_ca = CA_default [ CA_default ] dir = /etc/ssl/sudo certs = $dir/certs database = $dir/index.txt certificate = $dir/cacert.pem serial = $dir/serial [ v3_ca ] subjectKeyIdentifier = hash authorityKeyIdentifier = keyid:always,issuer basicConstraints = critical,CA:true keyUsage = cRLSign, keyCertSign [ usr_cert ] basicConstraints = CA:FALSE keyUsage = nonRepudiation, digitalSignature, \ keyEncipherment subjectKeyIdentifier = hash authorityKeyIdentifier = keyid,issuer If your openssl.conf file already has a “CA_default” section, you may only need to modify the “dir” setting and enable the “keyUsage” settings if they are commented out. Creating the CA key and certificate In order to create and sign our own certificates, we need to create a private key and a certificate for the root of the CA. First, create the private key and protect it with a pass phrase: # openssl genrsa -aes256 -out private/cakey.pem 4096 # chmod 400 private/cakey.pem Next, generate the root certificate, using appropriate values for the site-specific fields: # openssl req -config openssl.cnf -key private/cakey.pem \ -new -x509 -days 7300 -sha256 -extensions v3_ca \ -out cacert.pem Enter pass phrase for private/cakey.pem: You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated into your certificate request. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN. There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank. For some fields there will be a default value, If you enter '.', the field will be left blank. ----- Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:Colorado Locality Name (eg, city) : Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:sudo Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) :sudo Certificate Authority Common Name (e.g., server FQDN or YOUR name) :sudo Root CA Email Address : # chmod 444 cacert.pem Finally, verify the root certificate: # openssl x509 -noout -text -in cacert.pem Creating and signing certificates The server and client certificates will be signed by the previously created root CA. Usually, the root CA is not used to sign server/client certificates directly. Instead, intermediate certificates are created and signed with the root CA and the intermediate certs are used to sign CSRs (Certificate Signing Request). In this example we'll skip this part for simplicity's sake and sign the CSRs with the root CA. First, generate the private key without a pass phrase. # openssl genrsa -out private/logsrvd_key.pem 2048 # chmod 400 private/logsrvd_key.pem Next, create a certificate signing request (CSR) for the server's certificate. The organization name must match the name given in the root certificate. The common name should be either the server's IP address or a fully qualified domain name. # openssl req -config openssl.cnf -key private/logsrvd_key.pem -new \ -sha256 -out csr/logsrvd_csr.pem Enter pass phrase for private/logsrvd_key.pem: You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated into your certificate request. What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN. There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank. For some fields there will be a default value, If you enter '.', the field will be left blank. ----- Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:US State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]:Colorado Locality Name (eg, city) : Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]:sudo Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) :sudo log server Common Name (e.g., server FQDN or YOUR name) :logserver.example.com Email Address : Please enter the following 'extra' attributes to be sent with your certificate request A challenge password : An optional company name : Now sign the CSR that was just created: # openssl ca -config openssl.cnf -days 375 -notext -md sha256 \ -in csr/logsrvd_csr.pem -out certs/logsrvd_cert.pem Using configuration from openssl.cnf Enter pass phrase for ./private/cakey.pem: Check that the request matches the signature Signature ok Certificate Details: Serial Number: 4096 (0x1000) Validity Not Before: Nov 11 14:05:05 2019 GMT Not After : Nov 20 14:05:05 2020 GMT Subject: countryName = US stateOrProvinceName = Colorado organizationName = sudo organizationalUnitName = sudo log server commonName = logserve.example.com X509v3 extensions: X509v3 Basic Constraints: CA:FALSE X509v3 Key Usage: Digital Signature, Non Repudiation, Key Encipherment X509v3 Subject Key Identifier: 4C:50:F9:D0:BE:1A:4C:B2:AC:90:76:56:C7:9E:16:AE:E6:9E:E5:B5 X509v3 Authority Key Identifier: keyid:D7:91:24:16:B1:03:06:65:1A:7A:6E:CF:51:E9:5C:CB:7A:95:3E:0C Certificate is to be certified until Nov 20 14:05:05 2020 GMT (375 days) Sign the certificate? [y/n]:y 1 out of 1 certificate requests certified, commit? [y/n]y Write out database with 1 new entries Data Base Updated Finally, verify the new certificate: # openssl verify -CAfile cacert.pem certs/logsrvd_cert.pem certs/logsrvd_cert.pem: OK The /etc/ssl/sudo/certs directory now contains a signed and verified certificate for use with sudo_logsrvd. To generate a client certificate, repeat the process above using a different file name. Configuring sudo_logsrvd to use TLS To use TLS for client/server communication, both sudo_logsrvd and the sudoers plugin need to be configured to use TLS. Configuring sudo_logsrvd for TLS requires the following settings, assuming the same path names used earlier: # Listen on port 30344 for TLS connections to any address. listen_address = *:30344(tls) # Path to the certificate authority bundle file in PEM format. tls_cacert = /etc/ssl/sudo/cacert.pem # Path to the server's certificate file in PEM format. tls_cert = /etc/ssl/sudo/certs/logsrvd_cert.pem # Path to the server's private key file in PEM format. tls_key = /etc/ssl/sudo/private/logsrvd_key.pem The root CA cert (cacert.pem) must be installed on the system running sudo_logsrvd. If peer authentication is enabled on the client, a copy of cacert.pem must be present on the client system too.
sudo.conf(5), sudo_logsrvd.conf(5), sudoers(5), sudo(8), sudo_sendlog(8), sudoreplay(8)
Many people have worked on sudo over the years; this version consists of code written primarily by: Todd C. Miller See the CONTRIBUTORS.md file in the sudo distribution (https://www.sudo.ws/about/contributors/) for an exhaustive list of people who have contributed to sudo.
If you believe you have found a bug in sudo_logsrvd, you can submit a bug report at https://bugzilla.sudo.ws/
Limited free support is available via the sudo-users mailing list, see https://www.sudo.ws/mailman/listinfo/sudo-users to subscribe or search the archives.
sudo_logsrvd is provided “AS IS” and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. See the LICENSE.md file distributed with sudo or https://www.sudo.ws/about/license/ for complete details.
This page is part of the sudo (execute a command as another user) project. Information about the project can be found at https://www.sudo.ws/. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨https://bugzilla.sudo.ws/⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/sudo-project/sudo⟩ on 2022-12-17. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2022-12-15.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org Sudo 1.9.12p1 May 17, 2022 Sudo 1.9.12p1