rpc.nfsd(8) System Manager's Manual rpc.nfsd(8)
rpc.nfsd - NFS server process
/usr/sbin/rpc.nfsd [options] nproc
The rpc.nfsd program implements the user level part of the NFS service. The main functionality is handled by the nfsd kernel module. The user space program merely specifies what sort of sockets the kernel service should listen on, what NFS versions it should support, and how many kernel threads it should use. The rpc.mountd server provides an ancillary service needed to satisfy mount requests by NFS clients.
-d or --debug enable logging of debugging messages -H or --host hostname specify a particular hostname (or address) that NFS requests will be accepted on. By default, rpc.nfsd will accept NFS requests on all known network addresses. Note that lockd (which performs file locking services for NFS) may still accept request on all known network addresses. This may change in future releases of the Linux Kernel. This option can be used multiple time to listen to more than one interface. -p or --port port specify a different port to listen on for NFS requests. By default, rpc.nfsd will listen on port 2049. -r or --rdma specify that NFS requests on the standard RDMA port ("nfsrdma", port 20049) should be honored. --rdma=port Listen for RDMA requests on an alternate port - may be a number or a name listed in /etc/services. -N or --no-nfs-version vers This option can be used to request that rpc.nfsd does not offer certain versions of NFS. The current version of rpc.nfsd can support major NFS versions 2,3,4 and the minor versions 4.0, 4.1 and 4.2. -s or --syslog By default, rpc.nfsd logs error messages (and debug messages, if enabled) to stderr. This option makes rpc.nfsd log these messages to syslog instead. Note that errors encountered during option processing will still be logged to stderr regardless of this option. -t or --tcp Instruct the kernel nfs server to open and listen on a TCP socket. This is the default. -T or --no-tcp Instruct the kernel nfs server not to open and listen on a TCP socket. -u or --udp Instruct the kernel nfs server to open and listen on a UDP socket. -U or --no-udp Instruct the kernel nfs server not to open and listen on a UDP socket. This is the default. -V or --nfs-version vers This option can be used to request that rpc.nfsd offer certain versions of NFS. The current version of rpc.nfsd can support major NFS versions 2,3,4 and the minor versions 4.0, 4.1 and 4.2. -L or --lease-time seconds Set the lease-time used for NFSv4. This corresponds to how often clients need to confirm their state with the server. Valid range is from 10 to 3600 seconds. -G or --grace-time seconds Set the grace-time used for NFSv4 and NLM (for NFSv2 and NFSv3). New file open requests (NFSv4) and new file locks (NLM) will not be allowed until after this time has passed to allow clients to recover state. nproc specify the number of NFS server threads. By default, eight threads are started. However, for optimum performance several threads should be used. The actual figure depends on the number of and the work load created by the NFS clients, but a useful starting point is eight threads. Effects of modifying that number can be checked using the nfsstat(8) program. Note that if the NFS server is already running, then the options for specifying host, port, and protocol will be ignored. The number of processes given will be the only option considered, and the number of active nfsd processes will be increased or decreased to match this number. In particular rpc.nfsd 0 will stop all threads and thus close any open connections.
Many of the options that can be set on the command line can also be controlled through values set in the [nfsd] section of the /etc/nfs.conf configuration file. Values recognized include: threads The number of threads to start. host A host name, or comma separated list of host names, that rpc.nfsd will listen on. Use of the --host option replaces all host names listed here. grace-time The grace time, for both NFSv4 and NLM, in seconds. lease-time The lease time for NFSv4, in seconds. port Set the port for TCP/UDP to bind to. rdma Enable RDMA port (with "on" or "yes" etc) on the standard port ("nfsrdma", port 20049). rdma-port Set an alternate RDMA port. UDP Enable (with "on" or "yes" etc) or disable ("off", "no") UDP support. TCP Enable or disable TCP support. vers2 vers3 vers4 Enable or disable a major NFS version. 3 and 4 are normally enabled by default. vers4.1 vers4.2 Setting these to "off" or similar will disable the selected minor versions. Setting to "on" will enable them. The default values are determined by the kernel, and usually minor versions default to being enabled once the implementation is sufficiently complete.
If the program is built with TI-RPC support, it will enable any protocol and address family combinations that are marked visible in the netconfig database.
nfsd(7), rpc.mountd(8), exports(5), exportfs(8), nfs.conf(5), rpc.rquotad(8), nfsstat(8), netconfig(5).
Olaf Kirch, Bill Hawes, H. J. Lu, G. Allan Morris III, and a host of others.
This page is part of the nfs-utils (NFS utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨http://linux-nfs.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨http://linux-nfs.org/wiki/index.php/Main_Page⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨http://git.linux-nfs.org/?p=steved/nfs-utils.git;a=summary⟩ on 2021-08-27. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2021-08-21.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org 20 Feb 2014 rpc.nfsd(8)
Pages that refer to this page: exports(5), nfs(5), nfs.conf(5), nfsd(7), mount(8), mountd(8), nfsconf(8), nfsdclnts(8), nfsstat(8), rpcdebug(8), showmount(8), statd(8)