parted(8) — Linux manual page


PARTED(8)                   GNU Parted Manual                  PARTED(8)

NAME         top

       parted - a partition manipulation program

SYNOPSIS         top

       parted [options] [device [command [options...]...]]

DESCRIPTION         top

       parted is a program to manipulate disk partitions.  It supports
       multiple partition table formats, including MS-DOS and GPT.  It
       is useful for creating space for new operating systems,
       reorganising disk usage, and copying data to new hard disks.

       This manual page documents parted briefly.  Complete
       documentation is distributed with the package in GNU Info format.

OPTIONS         top

       -h, --help
              displays a help message

       -l, --list
              lists partition layout on all block devices

       -m, --machine
              displays machine parseable output

       -j, --json
              displays JSON output

       -s, --script
              never prompts for user intervention

       -f, --fix
              automatically answer "fix" to exceptions in script mode

       -v, --version
              displays the version

       -a alignment-type, --align alignment-type
              Set alignment for newly created partitions, valid
              alignment types are:

              none   Use the minimum alignment allowed by the disk type.

                     Align partitions to cylinders.

                     Use minimum alignment as given by the disk topology
                     information. This and the opt value will use layout
                     information provided by the disk to align the
                     logical partition table addresses to actual
                     physical blocks on the disks.  The min value is the
                     minimum alignment needed to align the partition
                     properly to physical blocks, which avoids
                     performance degradation.

                     Use optimum alignment as given by the disk topology
                     information. This aligns to a multiple of the
                     physical block size in a way that guarantees
                     optimal performance.

COMMANDS         top

              The block device to be used.  When none is given, parted
              will use the first block device it finds.

       [command [options]]
              Specifies the command to be executed.  If no command is
              given, parted will present a command prompt.  Possible
              commands are:

              help [command]
                     Print general help, or help on command if

              align-check type partition
                     Check if partition satisfies the alignment
                     constraint of type.  type must be "minimal" or

              mklabel label-type
                     Create a new disklabel (partition table) of label-
                     type.  label-type should be one of "aix", "amiga",
                     "bsd", "dvh", "gpt", "loop", "mac", "msdos",
                     "pc98", or "sun".

              mkpart [part-type name fs-type] start end
                     Create a new partition. part-type may be specified
                     only with msdos and dvh partition tables, it should
                     be one of "primary", "logical", or "extended".
                     name is required for GPT partition tables and fs-
                     type is optional.  fs-type can be one of "btrfs",
                     "ext2", "ext3", "ext4", "fat16", "fat32", "hfs",
                     "hfs+", "linux-swap", "ntfs", "reiserfs", "udf", or

              name partition name
                     Set the name of partition to name. This option
                     works only on Mac, PC98, and GPT disklabels. The
                     name can be placed in double quotes, if necessary.
                     And depending on the shell may need to also be
                     wrapped in single quotes so that the shell doesn't
                     strip off the double quotes.

              print print-type
                     Display the partition table.  print-type is
                     optional, and can be one of devices, free, list, or

              quit   Exit from parted.

              rescue start end
                     Rescue a lost partition that was located somewhere
                     between start and end.  If a partition is found,
                     parted will ask if you want to create an entry for
                     it in the partition table.

              resizepart partition end
                     Change the end position of partition.  Note that
                     this does not modify any filesystem present in the

              rm partition
                     Delete partition.

              select device
                     Choose device as the current device to edit. device
                     should usually be a Linux hard disk device, but it
                     can be a partition, software raid device, or an LVM
                     logical volume if necessary.

              set partition flag state
                     Change the state of the flag on partition to state.
                     Supported flags are: "boot", "root", "swap",
                     "hidden", "raid", "lvm", "lba", "legacy_boot",
                     "irst", "msftres", "esp", "chromeos_kernel",
                     "bls_boot", "linux-home", "no_automount",
                     "bios_grub", and "palo".  state should be either
                     "on" or "off".

              unit unit
                     Set unit as the unit to use when displaying
                     locations and sizes, and for interpreting those
                     given by the user when not suffixed with an
                     explicit unit.  unit can be one of "s" (sectors),
                     "B" (bytes), "kB", "MB", "KiB", "MiB", "GB", "GiB",
                     "TB", "TiB", "%" (percentage of device size), "cyl"
                     (cylinders), "chs" (cylinders, heads, sectors), or
                     "compact" (megabytes for input, and a human-
                     friendly form for output).

              toggle partition flag
                     Toggle the state of flag on partition.

              type partition id or uuid
                     On MS-DOS set the type aka. partition id of
                     partition to id. The id is a value between "0x01"
                     and "0xff". On GPT the type-uuid of partition to

              disk_set flag state
                     Change a flag on the disk to state. A flag can be
                     either "on" or "off".  Some or all of these flags
                     will be available, depending on what disk label you
                     are using.  Supported flags are: "pmbr_boot" on GPT
                     to enable the boot flag on the GPT's protective MBR

              disk_toggle flag
                     Toggle the state of the disk flag.

                     Display version information and a copyright

REPORTING BUGS         top

       Report bugs to <>

SEE ALSO         top

       fdisk(8), mkfs(8), The parted program is fully documented in the
       info(1) format GNU partitioning software manual.

AUTHOR         top

       This manual page was written by Timshel Knoll
       <>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system (but may be
       used by others).

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the GNU parted (partition table
       manipulation) project.  Information about the project can be
       found at ⟨⟩.  If you have a
       bug report for this manual page, send it to
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-12-19.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

parted                      2021 September 28                  PARTED(8)

Pages that refer to this page: addpart(8)btrfs-filesystem(8)cfdisk(8)delpart(8)partprobe(8)partx(8)resizepart(8)sfdisk(8)