nss-mymachines(8) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | CONFIGURATION IN /ETC/NSSWITCH.CONF | EXAMPLE: MAPPINGS PROVIDED BY NSS-MYMACHINES | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

NSS-MYMACHINES(8)            nss-mymachines            NSS-MYMACHINES(8)

NAME         top

       nss-mymachines, libnss_mymachines.so.2 - Hostname resolution for
       local container instances

SYNOPSIS         top

       libnss_mymachines.so.2

DESCRIPTION         top

       nss-mymachines is a plug-in module for the GNU Name Service
       Switch (NSS) functionality of the GNU C Library (glibc),
       providing hostname resolution for the names of containers running
       locally that are registered with systemd-machined.service(8). The
       container names are resolved to the IP addresses of the specific
       container, ordered by their scope. This functionality only
       applies to containers using network namespacing (see the
       description of --private-network in systemd-nspawn(1)). Note that
       the name that is resolved is the one registered with
       systemd-machined, which may be different than the hostname
       configured inside of the container.

       Note that this NSS module only makes available names of the
       containers running immediately below the current system context.
       It does not provide host name resolution for containers running
       side-by-side with the invoking system context, or containers
       further up or down the container hierarchy. Or in other words, on
       the host system it provides host name resolution for the
       containers running immediately below the host environment. When
       used inside a container environment however, it will not be able
       to provide name resolution for containers running on the host (as
       those are siblings and not children of the current container
       environment), but instead only for nested containers running
       immediately below its own container environment.

       To activate the NSS module, add "mymachines" to the line starting
       with "hosts:" in /etc/nsswitch.conf.

       It is recommended to place "mymachines" before the "resolve" or
       "dns" entry of the "hosts:" line of /etc/nsswitch.conf in order
       to make sure that its mappings are preferred over other resolvers
       such as DNS.

CONFIGURATION IN /ETC/NSSWITCH.CONF         top

       Here is an example /etc/nsswitch.conf file that enables
       nss-mymachines correctly:

           passwd:         compat systemd
           group:          compat [SUCCESS=merge] systemd
           shadow:         compat systemd
           gshadow:        files systemd

           hosts:          mymachines resolve [!UNAVAIL=return] files myhostname dns
           networks:       files

           protocols:      db files
           services:       db files
           ethers:         db files
           rpc:            db files

           netgroup:       nis

EXAMPLE: MAPPINGS PROVIDED BY NSS-MYMACHINES         top

       The container "rawhide" is spawned using systemd-nspawn(1):

           # systemd-nspawn -M rawhide --boot --network-veth --private-users=pick
           Spawning container rawhide on /var/lib/machines/rawhide.
           Selected user namespace base 20119552 and range 65536.
           ...

           $ machinectl --max-addresses=3
           MACHINE CLASS     SERVICE        OS     VERSION ADDRESSES
           rawhide container systemd-nspawn fedora 30      169.254.40.164 fe80::94aa:3aff:fe7b:d4b9

           $ ping -c1 rawhide
           PING rawhide(fe80::94aa:3aff:fe7b:d4b9%ve-rawhide (fe80::94aa:3aff:fe7b:d4b9%ve-rawhide)) 56 data bytes
           64 bytes from fe80::94aa:3aff:fe7b:d4b9%ve-rawhide (fe80::94aa:3aff:fe7b:d4b9%ve-rawhide): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.045 ms
           ...
           $ ping -c1 -4 rawhide
           PING rawhide (169.254.40.164) 56(84) bytes of data.
           64 bytes from 169.254.40.164 (169.254.40.164): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.064 ms
           ...

           # machinectl shell rawhide /sbin/ip a
           Connected to machine rawhide. Press ^] three times within 1s to exit session.
           1: lo: <LOOPBACK,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 65536 qdisc noqueue state UNKNOWN group default qlen 1000
               ...
           2: host0@if21: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc noqueue state UP group default qlen 1000
               link/ether 96:aa:3a:7b:d4:b9 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff link-netnsid 0
               inet 169.254.40.164/16 brd 169.254.255.255 scope link host0
                  valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
               inet6 fe80::94aa:3aff:fe7b:d4b9/64 scope link
                  valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
           Connection to machine rawhide terminated.

SEE ALSO         top

       systemd(1), systemd-machined.service(8), machinectl(1),
       nss-systemd(8), nss-resolve(8), nss-myhostname(8),
       nsswitch.conf(5), getent(1)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service
       manager) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩.  If you have
       a bug report for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/#bugreports⟩.
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git⟩ on 2021-06-20.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2021-06-19.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
       man-pages@man7.org

systemd 249                                            NSS-MYMACHINES(8)

Pages that refer to this page: org.freedesktop.machine1(5)systemd.directives(7)systemd.index(7)nss-myhostname(8)nss-resolve(8)nss-systemd(8)systemd-machined.service(8)