ip-vrf(8) — Linux manual page


IP-VRF(8)                         Linux                        IP-VRF(8)

NAME         top

       ip-vrf - run a command against a vrf

SYNOPSIS         top

       ip vrf  { COMMAND | help }

       ip vrf show [ NAME ]

       ip vrf identify [ PID ]

       ip vrf pids NAME

       ip vrf exec [ NAME ] command...

DESCRIPTION         top

       A VRF provides traffic isolation at layer 3 for routing, similar
       to how a VLAN is used to isolate traffic at layer 2.
       Fundamentally, a VRF is a separate routing table. Network devices
       are associated with a VRF by enslaving the device to the VRF. At
       that point network addresses assigned to the device are local to
       the VRF with host and connected routes moved to the table
       associated with the VRF.

       A process can specify a VRF using several APIs -- binding the
       socket to the VRF device using SO_BINDTODEVICE, setting the VRF
       association using IP_UNICAST_IF or IPV6_UNICAST_IF, or specifying
       the VRF for a specific message using IP_PKTINFO or IPV6_PKTINFO.

       By default a process is not bound to any VRF. An association can
       be set explicitly by making the program use one of the APIs
       mentioned above or implicitly using a helper to set
       SO_BINDTODEVICE for all IPv4 and IPv6 sockets (AF_INET and
       AF_INET6) when the socket is created. This ip-vrf command is a
       helper to run a command against a specific VRF with the VRF
       association inherited parent to child.

       ip vrf show [ NAME ] - Show all configured VRF

              This command lists all VRF and their corresponding table
              ids. If NAME is given, then only that VRF and table id is
              shown. The latter command is useful for scripting where
              the table id for a VRF is needed.

       ip vrf exec [ NAME ] cmd ... - Run cmd against the named VRF

              This command allows applications that are VRF unaware to
              be run against a VRF other than the default VRF (main
              table). A command can be run against the default VRF by
              passing the "default" as the VRF name. This is useful if
              the current shell is associated with another VRF (e.g,
              Management VRF).

              This command requires the system to be booted with cgroup
              v2 (e.g. with systemd, add
              systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=1 to the kernel command

              This command also requires to be ran as root or with the
              capabilities. If built with libcap and if capabilities are
              added to the ip binary program via setcap, the program
              will drop them as the first thing when invoked, unless the
              command is vrf exec.
              NOTE: capabilities will NOT be dropped if CAP_NET_ADMIN is
              set to INHERITABLE to avoid breaking programs with ambient
              capabilities that call ip.  Do not set the INHERITABLE
              flag on the ip binary itself.

       ip vrf identify [PID] - Report VRF association for process

              This command shows the VRF association of the specified
              process. If PID is not specified then the id of the
              current process is used.

       ip vrf pids NAME - Report processes associated with the named VRF

              This command shows all process ids that are associated
              with the given VRF.

CAVEATS         top

       This command requires a kernel compiled with CGROUPS and
       CGROUP_BPF enabled.

       The VRF helper *only* affects network layer sockets.

EXAMPLES         top

       ip vrf exec red ssh
              Executes ssh to against the VRF red table.

SEE ALSO         top

       ip(8), ip-link(8), ip-address(8), ip-route(8), ip-neighbor(8)

AUTHOR         top

       Original Manpage by David Ahern

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the iproute2 (utilities for controlling
       TCP/IP networking and traffic) project.  Information about the
       project can be found at 
       If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to
       netdev@vger.kernel.org, shemminger@osdl.org.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/network/iproute2/iproute2.git⟩ on
       2021-08-27.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2021-08-18.)  If you
       discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page,
       or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
       the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

iproute2                       7 Dec 2016                      IP-VRF(8)

Pages that refer to this page: ip(8)