dnf-automatic(8) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RUN DNF-AUTOMATIC | CONFIGURATION FILE FORMAT | AUTHOR | COPYRIGHT | COLOPHON

DNF-AUTOMATIC(8)                   DNF                  DNF-AUTOMATIC(8)

NAME         top

       dnf-automatic - DNF Automatic

SYNOPSIS         top

       dnf-automatic [<config file>]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Alternative CLI to dnf upgrade with specific facilities to make
       it suitable to be executed automatically and regularly from
       systemd timers, cron jobs and similar.

       The operation of the tool is usually controlled by the
       configuration file or the function-specific timer units (see
       below). The command only accepts a single optional argument
       pointing to the config file, and some control arguments intended
       for use by the services that back the timer units. If no
       configuration file is passed from the command line,
       /etc/dnf/automatic.conf is used.

       The tool synchronizes package metadata as needed and then checks
       for updates available for the given system and then either exits,
       downloads the packages or downloads and applies the packages. The
       outcome of the operation is then reported by a selected
       mechanism, for instance via the standard output, email or MOTD
       messages.

       The systemd timer unit dnf-automatic.timer will behave as the
       configuration file specifies (see below) with regard to whether
       to download and apply updates. Some other timer units are
       provided which override the configuration file with some standard
       behaviours:

       • dnf-automatic-notifyonly

       • dnf-automatic-download

       • dnf-automatic-install

       Regardless of the configuration file settings, the first will
       only notify of available updates. The second will download, but
       not install them. The third will download and install them.

RUN DNF-AUTOMATIC         top

       You can select one that most closely fits your needs, customize
       /etc/dnf/automatic.conf for any specific behaviors, and enable
       the timer unit.

       For example: systemctl enable --now
       dnf-automatic-notifyonly.timer

CONFIGURATION FILE FORMAT         top

       The configuration file is separated into topical sections.

   [commands] section
       Setting the mode of operation of the program.

       apply_updates
              boolean, default: False

              Whether packages comprising the available updates should
              be applied by dnf-automatic.timer, i.e. installed via RPM.
              Implies download_updates. Note that if this is set to
              False, downloaded packages will be left in the cache till
              the next successful DNF transaction. Note that the other
              timer units override this setting.

       download_updates
              boolean, default: False

              Whether packages comprising the available updates should
              be downloaded by dnf-automatic.timer. Note that the other
              timer units override this setting.

       network_online_timeout
              time in seconds, default: 60

              Maximal time dnf-automatic will wait until the system is
              online. 0 means that network availability detection will
              be skipped.

       random_sleep
              time in seconds, default: 0

              Maximal random delay before downloading.  Note that, by
              default, the systemd timers also apply a random delay of
              up to 1 hour.

       upgrade_type
              either one of default, security, default: default

              What kind of upgrades to look at. default signals looking
              for all available updates, security only those with an
              issued security advisory.

   [emitters] section
       Choosing how the results should be reported.

       emit_via
              list, default: email, stdio, motd

              List of emitters to report the results through. Available
              emitters are stdio to print the result to standard output,
              command to send the result to a custom command,
              command_email to send an email using a command, and email
              to send the report via email and motd sends the result to
              /etc/motd file.

       system_name
              string, default: hostname of the given system

              How the system is called in the reports.

   [command] section
       The command emitter configuration. Variables usable in format
       string arguments are body with the message body.

       command_format
              format string, default: cat

              The shell command to execute.

       stdin_format
              format string, default: {body}

              The data to pass to the command on stdin.

   [command_email] section
       The command email emitter configuration. Variables usable in
       format string arguments are body with message body, subject with
       email subject, email_from with the “From:” address and email_to
       with a space-separated list of recipients.

       command_format
              format string, default: mail -Ssendwait -s {subject} -r
              {email_from} {email_to}

              The shell command to execute.

       email_from
              string, default: root

              Message’s “From:” address.

       email_to
              list, default: root

              List of recipients of the message.

       stdin_format
              format string, default: {body}

              The data to pass to the command on stdin.

   [email] section
       The email emitter configuration.

       email_from
              string, default: root

              Message’s “From:” address.

       email_host
              string, default: localhost

              Hostname of the SMTP server used to send the message.

       email_to
              list, default: root

              List of recipients of the message.

   [base] section
       Can be used to override settings from DNF’s main configuration
       file. See conf_ref.

AUTHOR         top

       See AUTHORS in DNF source distribution.

COPYRIGHT         top

       2012-2020, Red Hat, Licensed under GPLv2+

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the dnf (DNF Package Manager) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨https://github.com/rpm-software-management/dnf⟩.  It is not known
       how to report bugs for this man page; if you know, please send a
       mail to man-pages@man7.org.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/rpm-software-management/dnf.git⟩ on
       2021-04-01.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2021-03-23.)  If you
       discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page,
       or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
       the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

4.7.0                         Apr 01, 2021              DNF-AUTOMATIC(8)