BTRFS-REPLACE(8) Btrfs Manual BTRFS-REPLACE(8)
btrfs-replace - replace devices managed by btrfs with other device.
btrfs replace <subcommand> <args>
btrfs replace is used to replace btrfs managed devices with other device.
cancel <mount_point> Cancel a running device replace operation. start [options] <srcdev>|<devid> <targetdev> <path> Replace device of a btrfs filesystem. On a live filesystem, duplicate the data to the target device which is currently stored on the source device. If the source device is not available anymore, or if the -r option is set, the data is built only using the RAID redundancy mechanisms. After completion of the operation, the source device is removed from the filesystem. If the <srcdev> is a numerical value, it is assumed to be the device id of the filesystem which is mounted at <path>, otherwise it is the path to the source device. If the source device is disconnected, from the system, you have to use the devid parameter format. The <targetdev> needs to be same size or larger than the <srcdev>. Note the filesystem has to be resized to fully take advantage of a larger target device; this can be achieved with btrfs filesystem resize <devid>:max /path Options -r only read from <srcdev> if no other zero-defect mirror exists. (enable this if your drive has lots of read errors, the access would be very slow) -f force using and overwriting <targetdev> even if it looks like it contains a valid btrfs filesystem. A valid filesystem is assumed if a btrfs superblock is found which contains a correct checksum. Devices that are currently mounted are never allowed to be used as the <targetdev>. -B no background replace. --enqueue wait if there’s another exclusive operation running, otherwise continue status [-1] <mount_point> Print status and progress information of a running device replace operation. Options -1 print once instead of print continuously until the replace operation finishes (or is cancelled)
Example 1. Replacing an online drive with a bigger one Given the following filesystem mounted at /mnt/my-vault Label: 'MyVault' uuid: ae20903e-b72d-49ba-b944-901fc6d888a1 Total devices 2 FS bytes used 1TiB devid 1 size 1TiB used 500.00GiB path /dev/sda devid 2 size 1TiB used 500.00GiB path /dev/sdb In order to replace /dev/sda (devid 1) with a bigger drive located at /dev/sdc you would run the following: btrfs replace start 1 /dev/sdc /mnt/my-vault/ You can monitor progress via: btrfs replace status /mnt/my-vault/ After the replacement is complete, as per the docs at btrfs-filesystem(8) in order to use the entire storage space of the new drive you need to run: btrfs filesystem resize 1:max /mnt/my-vault/
btrfs replace returns a zero exit status if it succeeds. Non zero is returned in case of failure.
btrfs is part of btrfs-progs. Please refer to the btrfs wiki http://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org for further details.
mkfs.btrfs(8), btrfs-device(8), btrfs-filesystem(8),
This page is part of the btrfs-progs (btrfs filesystem tools) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨https://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Btrfs_source_repositories⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨https://btrfs.wiki.kernel.org/index.php/Problem_FAQ#How_do_I_report_bugs_and_issues.3F⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kdave/btrfs-progs.git⟩ on 2021-08-27. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2021-07-30.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to email@example.com Btrfs v4.6.1 03/13/2021 BTRFS-REPLACE(8)
Pages that refer to this page: btrfs(8), btrfs-device(8)