mime.types(5) — Linux manual page


mime.types(5)                  Apple Inc.                  mime.types(5)

NAME         top

       mime.types - mime type description file for cups

DESCRIPTION         top

       The mime.types file defines the recognized file types.

       Additional file types are specified in files with the extension
       .types in the CUPS configuration directory.

       Each line in the mime.types file is a comment, blank, or rule
       line.  Comment lines start with the # character.  Rule lines
       start with the MIME media type and are optionally followed by a
       series of file recognition rules:

           mime/type [ rule ... rule ]

       Rules can be extended over multiple lines using the backslash
       character (\):

           mime/type [ really-really-really-long-rule ... \
             rule ]

       MIME media types specified by the mime/type field are case-
       insensitive and are sorted in ascending alphanumeric order for
       the purposes of matching.  See the "TYPE MATCHING AND PRIORITY"
       section for more information.

       The rules may be grouped using parenthesis, joined using "+" for
       a logical AND, joined using "," or whitespace for a logical OR,
       and negated using "!".

       Rules take two forms - a filename extension by itself and
       functions with test values inside parenthesis.  The following
       functions are available:

            True if the filename matches the given shell wildcard

            True if the length bytes starting at offset are valid
            printable ASCII (CR, NL, TAB, BS, 32-126).

            True if the length bytes starting at offset are printable
            8-bit chars (CR, NL, TAB, BS, 32-126, 128-254).

            Specifies the relative priority of this MIME media type.
            The default priority is 100.  Larger values have higher
            priority while smaller values have lower priority.

            True if the bytes starting at offset are identical to

            True if the bytes starting at offset match string without
            respect to case.

            True if the byte at offset is identical to value.

            True if the 16-bit big-endian integer at offset is identical
            to value.

            True if the 32-bit big-endian integer at offset is identical
            to value.

            True if current locale matches string.

            True if the bytes starting at offset for range bytes
            contains string.

       String constants can be specified inside quotes ("") for strings
       containing whitespace and angle brackets (<>) for hexadecimal

       When CUPS needs to determine the MIME media type of a given file,
       it checks every MIME media type defined in the .types files.
       When two or more types match a given file, the type chosen will
       depend on the type name and priority, with higher-priority types
       being used over lower-priority ones.  If the types have the same
       priority, the type names are sorted alphanumerically in ascending
       order and the first type is chosen.

       For example, if two types "text/bar" and "text/foo" are defined
       as matching the extension "doc", normally the type "text/bar"
       will be chosen since its name is alphanumerically smaller than
       "text/foo".  However, if "text/foo" also defines a higher
       priority than "text/bar", "text/foo" will be chosen instead.

FILES         top

       /etc/cups - Typical CUPS configuration directory.

EXAMPLES         top

       Define two MIME media types for raster data, with one being a
       subset with higher priority:

           application/vnd.cups-raster  string(0,"RaSt") string(0,"tSaR") \
                                         string(0,"RaS2") string(0,"2SaR") \
                                         string(0,"RaS3") string(0,"3SaR")

           image/pwg-raster              string(0,"RaS2") + \
                                         string(4,PwgRaster<00>) priority(150)

SEE ALSO         top

       cups-files.conf(5), cupsd.conf(5), cupsd(8), cupsfilter(8),
       mime.convs(5), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2007-2019 by Apple Inc.

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the CUPS (a standards-based, open source
       printing system) project.  Information about the project can be
       found at ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩.  If you have a bug report for
       this manual page, see ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/apple/cups⟩ on 2024-06-14.  (At that time,
       the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-10-27.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

26 April 2019                     CUPS                     mime.types(5)

Pages that refer to this page: classes.conf(5)cupsd.conf(5)cups-files.conf(5)gitweb.conf(5)mime.convs(5)printers.conf(5)subscriptions.conf(5)cupsd(8)