deb-changes(5) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | FIELDS | BUGS | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

deb-changes(5)                 dpkg suite                 deb-changes(5)

NAME         top

       deb-changes - Debian changes file format

SYNOPSIS         top

       filename.changes

DESCRIPTION         top

       Each Debian upload is composed of a .changes control file, which
       contains a number of fields.  Each field begins with a tag, such
       as Source or Binary (case insensitive), followed by a colon, and
       the body of the field.  Fields are delimited only by field tags.
       In other words, field text may be multiple lines in length, but
       the installation tools will generally join lines when processing
       the body of the field (except in case of the multiline fields
       Description, Changes, Files, Checksums-Sha1 and Checksums-Sha256,
       see below).

       The control data might be enclosed in an OpenPGP ASCII Armored
       signature, as specified in RFC4880.

FIELDS         top

       Format: format-version (required)
              The value of this field declares the format version of the
              file.  The syntax of the field value is a version number
              with a major and minor component.  Backward incompatible
              changes to the format will bump the major version, and
              backward compatible changes (such as field additions) will
              bump the minor version.  The current format version is
              1.8.

       Date: release-date (required)
              The date the package was built or last edited.  It must be
              in the same format as the date in a deb-changelog(5)
              entry.

              The value of this field is usually extracted from the
              debian/changelog file.

       Source: source-name [(source-version)] (required)
              The name of the source package.  If the source version
              differs from the binary version, then the source-name will
              be followed by a source-version in parenthesis.  This can
              happen when the upload is a binary-only non-maintainer
              upload.

       Binary: binary-package-list (required in context)
              This folded field is a space-separated list of binary
              packages to upload.  If the upload is source-only, then
              the field is omitted (since dpkg 1.19.3).

       Architecture: arch-list
              Lists the architectures of the files currently being
              uploaded.  Common architectures are amd64, armel, i386,
              etc.  Note that the all value is meant for packages that
              are architecture independent.  If the source for the
              package is also being uploaded, the special entry source
              is also present.  Architecture wildcards must never be
              present in the list.

       Version: version-string (required)
              Typically, this is the original package's version number
              in whatever form the program's author uses.  It may also
              include a Debian revision number (for non-native
              packages).  The exact format and sorting algorithm are
              described in deb-version(7).

       Distribution: distributions (required)
              Lists one or more space-separated distributions where this
              version should be installed when it is uploaded to the
              archive.

       Urgency: urgency (recommended)
              The urgency of the upload.  The currently known values, in
              increasing order of urgency, are: low, medium, high,
              critical and emergency.

       Maintainer: fullname-email (required)
              Should be in the format “Joe Bloggs
              <jbloggs@example.org>”, and is typically the person who
              created the package, as opposed to the author of the
              software that was packaged.

       Changed-By: fullname-email
              Should be in the format “Joe Bloggs
              <jbloggs@example.org>”, and is typically the person who
              prepared the package changes for this release.

       Description: (recommended)
        binary-package-name - binary-package-summary
              This multiline field contains a list of binary package
              names followed by a space, a dash (‘-’) and their possibly
              truncated short descriptions.  If the upload is source-
              only, then the field is omitted (since dpkg 1.19.3).

       Closes: bug-number-list
              A space-separated list of bug report numbers that have
              been resolved with this upload.  The distribution archive
              software might use this field to automatically close the
              referred bug numbers in the distribution bug tracking
              system.

       Binary-Only: yes
              This field denotes that the upload is a binary-only non-
              maintainer build.  It originates from the binary-only=yes
              key/value from the changelog metadata entry.

       Built-For-Profiles: profile-list
              This field specifies a whitespace separated list of build
              profiles that this upload was built with.

       Changes: (required)
        changelog-entries
              This multiline field contains the concatenated text of all
              changelog entries that are part of the upload.  To make
              this a valid multiline field empty lines are replaced with
              a single full stop (‘.’) and all lines are indented by one
              space character.  The exact content depends on the
              changelog format.

       Files: (required)
        md5sum size section priority filename
              This multiline field contains a list of files with an
              md5sum, size, section and priority for each one.

              The first line of the field value (the part on the same
              line as the field name followed by a colon) is always
              empty.  The content of the field is expressed as
              continuation lines, one line per file.  Each line consists
              of space-separated entries describing the file: the
              md5sum, the file size, the file section, the file
              priority, and the file name.

              This field lists all files that make up the upload.  The
              list of files in this field must match the list of files
              in the other related Checksums fields.

       Checksums-Sha1: (required)
       Checksums-Sha256: (required)
        checksum size filename
              These multiline fields contain a list of files with a
              checksum and size for each one.  These fields have the
              same syntax and differ only in the checksum algorithm
              used: SHA-1 for Checksums-Sha1 and SHA-256 for
              Checksums-Sha256.

              The first line of the field value (the part on the same
              line as the field name followed by a colon) is always
              empty.  The content of the field is expressed as
              continuation lines, one line per file.  Each line consists
              of space-separated entries describing the file: the
              checksum, the file size, and the file name.

              These fields list all files that make up the upload.  The
              list of files in these fields must match the list of files
              in the Files field and the other related Checksums fields.

BUGS         top

       The Files field is inconsistent with the other Checksums fields.
       The Changed-By and Maintainer fields have confusing names.  The
       Distribution field contains information about what is commonly
       referred to as a suite.

SEE ALSO         top

       deb-src-control(5), deb-version(7).

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the dpkg (Debian Package Manager) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨https://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Dpkg/⟩.  If you have a bug report
       for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/pkgreport.cgi?src=dpkg⟩.  This
       page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://salsa.debian.org/dpkg-team/dpkg.git⟩ on 2021-08-27.  (At
       that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
       the repository was 2021-06-17.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
       man-pages@man7.org

1.19.6-2-g6e42d5               2019-03-25                 deb-changes(5)

Pages that refer to this page: dpkg-genchanges(1)deb-buildinfo(5)deb-changelog(5)deb-src-control(5)